the First Week of Advent
Click here to learn more!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7706 - שַׁדַּי
1) almighty, most powerful
1a) Shaddai, the Almighty (of God)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1שַׁדַּי Numbers 24:4,16 (J E, poem), and so as archaism Ruth 1:20,21; Psalm 68:15; Psalm 91:1; Joel 1:15 = Isaiah 13:6; Ezekiel 1:24 (strike out Co); especially Job 5:17 + 30:t. Job (+ Job 19:29 Ew Di, reading ׳שׁ for שׁדין).
2אֵל שַׁדַּי Genesis 49:25 (poem; so read for ׳אֵת שׁ, see ⅏ᵐ5 ᵑ6 Saad, Hebrew Manuscripts), and Song of Solomon , as archaism, divine name of patriarchs in P, Genesis 17:1; Genesis 28:3; Genesis 35:11; Genesis 48:3; Exodus 6:3; Genesis 43:14 (R P); so Ezekiel 10:5 (strike out Co; but ᵐ5 Σαδδαι).
שַׁדּ֯יּן Job 19:29 see דין above.
שׁדם √of following; meaning unknown).
שַׁדַּי m., most powerful, Almighty, an epith. of Jehovah; sometimes with אֵל prefixed, Genesis 17:1, 28:3 Exodus 6:3 sometimes simply, Job 5:17, 6:4 8:3 13:3 and often in that book; Genesis 49:25; Ruth 1:20, 21, etc. It is the plur. excellentiæ, from the sing. שַׁד powerful (compare Arab. شَدِيدُ powerful, strong; root שָׁדַד No. 1); with the plur. termination (Lehrg. p. 523). This has indeed been called in question by Verbrugg. (de Nominum Hebræorum, pl. Numero, ed. 2, Erlang. 1752) and Ewald (Hebr. Gram., p. 298, 423); but without good grounds. LXX. often παντοκράτωρ. Vulg. in Pentat. Omnipotens.