Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1377 - διώκω

Transliteration
diṓkō
Phonetics
dee-o'-ko
Origin
a prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb dio (to flee; cf the base of G1169 and G1249)
Parts of Speech
verb
TDNT
2:229,177
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to make to run or flee, put to flight, drive away
  2. to run swiftly in order to catch a person or thing, to run after
    1. to press on: figuratively of one who in a race runs swiftly to reach the goal
    2. to pursue (in a hostile manner)
  3. in any way whatever to harass, trouble, molest one
    1. to persecute
    2. to be mistreated, suffer persecution on account of something
  4. without the idea of hostility, to run after, follow after: someone
  5. metaph., to pursue
    1. to seek after eagerly, earnestly endeavour to acquire
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 340 ‑ אָיַב (aw‑yab');  1272 ‑ בָּרַח (baw‑rakh');  1725 ‑ דָּהַר (daw‑har');  1765 ‑ דָּחַף (daw‑khaf');  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  2729 ‑ חָרַד (khaw‑rad');  5086 ‑ נָדַף (naw‑daf');  5127 ‑ נוּס (noos);  7287 ‑ רָדָה (raw‑daw');  7291 ‑ רָדַף (raw‑daf');  7323 ‑ רוּץ (roots);  7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');  8199 ‑ שָׁפַט (shaw‑fat');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (49)
Matthew
6
Luke
2
John
5
Acts
10
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
6
Philippians
3
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
NAS (47)
Matthew
6
Luke
4
John
3
Acts
9
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
5
Philippians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
HCS (45)
Matthew
6
Luke
3
John
3
Acts
9
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
5
Philippians
3
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
BSB (45)
Matthew
6
Luke
3
John
3
Acts
9
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
5
Philippians
3
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
ESV (44)
Matthew
6
Luke
3
John
3
Acts
9
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
5
Philippians
3
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
WEB (50)
Matthew
6
Luke
2
John
5
Acts
10
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
6
Philippians
3
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

διώκω,

inf. διωκέμεναι, -έμεν (v. infr.): fut. -ξω Sapph. 1.21, Pi. O. 3.45, X. Cyr. 6.3.13 (s. v. l.), An. 1.4.8, D. 38.16 codd.; but διώξομαι Ar. Eq. 368 (and Elmsl. restored διώξει for -εις in Eq. 969, Nu. 1296, Th. 1224), Pl. Tht. 168a: aor. ἐδίωξα: aor. 2 ἐδιώκαθον (v. διωκάθω): pf. δεδίωχα Hyp. Lyc. 16: Med. (v. infr.): Pass., fut. διωχθήσομαι D.S. 19.95, Polyaen. 2.13; but διώξομαι in pass. sense, LXX Amos 2:16, D.H. 3.20: aor. ἐδιώχθην Hdt. 5.73, Antipho 2.1.3, 6, (ἐπ-, κατ-) Th. 3.69, 3.4: pf. δεδίωγμαι Matthew 5:10 : (cf. ϝιώκω GDI 3153 (Corinthian vase); v. cross δίω):

I cause to run, set in quick motion, opp. φεύγω:

1 pursue, chase, in war or hunting, φεύγοντα διώκειν Il. 22.199, etc.: abs., πεδίοιο διωκέμεν ἠδὲ φέβεσθαι 5.223, cf. Hdt. 9.11: Med., διώκεσθαί τινα πεδίοιο, δόμοιο, chase one over or across.., Il. 21.602, Od. 18.8. c. acc. pers., of a lover, Sapph. l. c.; follow, X. HG 1.1.13; τοὺς εὐγνώμονας Id. Mem. 2.8.6; δ. καὶ φιλεῖν τινα Pl. Tht. 168a, cf. Luke 17:23.

2. pursue an object, seek after, ἀκίχητα διώκειν Il. 17.75; σὸν μόρον δ. S. Aj. 997; τιμὰς δ. Th. 2.63; ἡδονήν, τὸ ἀγαθὸν καὶ καλόν, Pl. Phdr. 251a, Grg. 480c; ἀλήθειαν ib. 482e; δικαιοσύνην Romans 9:30; λαθραίαν Κύπριν Eub. 67.9: prov., τὰ πετόμενα δ. Arist. Metaph. 1009b38; κατὰ σκοπὸν δ. Philippians 3:14; of plants, δ. τοὺς ξηροὺς τόπους seek them, Thphr. HP 1.4.2; δ. τὰ συμβάντα or τὸ συμβαῖνον follow or wait for the event, D. 4.39, 10.21: Med., διώκεσθαι τὸ πλέον ἔχειν D.H. 1.87 (s. v. l.); μοῖρα διωξαμένη [αὐτούς ] IG 5(1).1355 (Messenia).

3. pursue an argument, τὴν ἐναντίωσιν Pl. R. 454a; also, describe, ὕμνῳ ἀρετάς Pi. I. 4(3).21; τὴν Ἡρακλέους παίδευσιν X. Mem. 2.1.34; recite, λόγον PMag.Par. 1.958, cf. 335 (Pass.).

II drive or chase away, διώκω οὔτιν' ἔγωγε I don't force any one away, Od. 18.409; ἐκ γῆς Hdt. 9.77; banish, Id. 5.92. έ: metaph., διώκεις μ' ᾗ μάλιστ' ἐγὼ σφάλην you push or press me.., E. Supp. 156.

III

1. of the wind, drive a ship, Od. 5.332; of rowers, impel, speed on her way, ῥίμφα διώκοντες (sc. τὴν νῆα) 12.182; νηῦς ῥίμφα διωκομένη 13.162; Συριηγενὲς ἅρμα διώκων driving it, Orac. ap. Hdt. 7.140, cf. A. Pers. 84; ἄτρυτον δ. πόδα Id. Eu. 403, cf. Th. 371.

2. seemingly intr., drive, drive on, Il. 23.344, 424; gallop, run, etc., dub. in A. Th. 91 (lyr.); ἀναπηδήσαντες ἐδίωκον X. An. 7.2.20; ἅμα διώκοντος on the march, Plu. Caes. 17: c. acc. spatii, διώξας περὶ ὀκτακοσίους σταδίους Chares 17.

3. urge, impel, βέλος χερί Pi. I. 8(7).35; φόρμιγγα πλάκτρῳ Id. N. 5.24; esp. of music, δ. μοῦσαν Pratin.Lyr. 5; δ. μέλος Simon. 29: Pass., ὑφ' ἡδονῆς διώκομαι.. σὺν τάχει μολεῖν S. El. 871.

4. of work, urge on, carry forward, σκαφήτρους PFay. 112.2 (i A. D.).

5. pf. part. Pass. δεδιωγμένος hurried, rapid, σφυγμοί Aret. SA 2.8. as law-term, prosecute, ὁ διώκων the prosecutor, opp. ὁ φεύγων, the defendant, Hdt. 6.82 (pl.), A. Eu. 583, etc.; ὁ διώκων τοῦ ψηφίσματος τὸ λέγειν.., he who impeaches the clause in the decree.., D. 18.59; γραφὰς δ. Antipho 2.1.5; γραφὴν δ. τινά indict, D. 59.69; δ. εἰσαγγελίαν Hyp. Eux. 9; δ. τινὰ περὶ θανάτου X. HG 7.3.6: c. gen. criminis, accuse of.., prosecute for.., δ. τινὰ τυραννίδος Hdt. 6.104; δειλίας Ar. Eq. 368; παρανόμων And. 1.22, cf. διωκάθειν; ψευδομαρτυρίων D. 29.13, etc.; δ. ἀπάτης εἵνεκεν Hdt. 6.136; φόνον τινὸς δ. avenge another's murder, E. Or. 1534 (anap.), cf. Arist. Pol. 1269a2; δίκην δ. pursue one's rights at law, D. 54.41; δίκας μὴ οὔσας δ. Lys. 32.2: c. acc. et inf., accuse one of doing, App. BC 4.50: Pass., ὁ διωκόμενος Antipho 2.1.5; θανάτου ὑπό τινος -εσθαι X. Revelation 21:1-27; with play on 1.1, Ar. Ach. 698 sq. persecute, John 5:16, al.; δεδιωγμένοι ἕνεκα δικαιοσύνης Matthew 5:10.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

διώκω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7291;]

1. to put to flight, drive away: Matthew 23:34.

2. to pursue;

(a) of persons; c. acc, without hostility, to follow after: Luke 17:23; with hostile purpose: Acts 26:11, Revelation 12:13. Hence, to persecute: Matthew 5:10-12; Matthew 5:44; Matthew 10:23, Luke 11:49; Luke 21:12, John 5:16; John 15:20, Acts 7:52; Acts 9:4-5; Acts 22:4; Acts 22:7-8; Acts 26:14-15 Romans 12:14, 1 Corinthians 4:12; 1 Corinthians 15:9, 2 Corinthians 4:9, Galatians 1:13; Galatians 1:23; Galatians 4:29; Galatians 5:11; Galatians 6:12, Philippians 3:6, 2 Timothy 3:12;

(b) metaph., c. acc rei, of seeking eagerly after: Romans 9:30, 1 Timothy 6:11, 2 Timothy 2:22; νόμον δικαιοσύνης , Romans 9:31; τ . φιλοξενίαν , Romans 12:13; εἰρήνην , Hebrews 12:14, 1 Peter 3:11; τὰ τῆς εἰ ., Romans 14:19; τ . ἀγάπην , 1 Corinthians 14:1; τὸ ἀγαθόν , 1 Thessalonians 5:15; absol., to follow on, drive, or speed on (Æsch.), Philippians 3:12; Philippians 3:14.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Fay 111.20 (A.D. 95–6) (= Selections, p. 67) το ̣̣ν λ ̣[ι ]μ ̣νασμ [ὸν ] δ ̣[ ]ο ̣ξον τῶν [ ]λ ̣α ̣[ι ]ών [ων τ ]ῶν πάντον, ";hasten with the flooding of all the olive-yards"; (Edd.), ib. 112.2 (A.D. 99) εὖ πυήσις διῶξαι τοὺς σκαφήτρους τῶν ἐλαιώνον, ";please carry forward the digging of the olive-yards"; (Edd.). For διώκω = ";pursue,"; cf. OGIS 532.25 (B.C. 3) ὅπλο [ις τε ] καὶ σιδήρωι διώξειν, and the moral tale in P Grenf II. 84.7 (v/vi A.D.) where a patricide, fleeing into the desert, ἐδιόκαιτο (l. ἐδιώκετο) ὑπὸ λέωντος, ";was pursued by a lion."; The phrase δίωκε τὸν λόγον = ";pursue the recital of the formula"; is common in the magic papyri : see the editor’s note on P Lond 46.394 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 78). We may add two exx. of the verb from Christian amulets. The first, P Oxy VIII. 1151 (? v/A.D.) opens, Φεῦγε π ̣ν ̣(εῦμ)α ̣ μεμισιμένον, Χ (ριστό)ς σε διώκει, ";Fly, hateful spirit! Christ pursues thee."; In the second, BGU III. 954.7 (vi/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 133), the Lord God is invoked—ὅπως διώξῃς ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ τοῦ δούλου σου τὸν δαίμονα προβασκανίας, ";that Thou mayst drive from me Thy servant the demon of witchcraft."; MGr. διώχνω, διώχτω, ";hunt.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δεδιωγμενοι δεδιωγμένοι διωκε δίωκε διώκει διώκειν διωκεις διώκεις Διωκετε Διώκετε διώκη διωκομαι διώκομαι διωκομενοι διωκόμενοι διωκόμενον διωκοντα διώκοντα διωκοντας διώκοντας διωκοντες διώκοντες διώκοντές διώκοντος διωκοντων διωκόντων διωκω διώκω διωκωμεν διώκωμεν διωκων διώκων διωκωνται διώκωνται διωκωσιν διώκωσιν διώξαι διώξας διωξατω διωξάτω διώξεσθε διωξεταί διώξεται διώξεταί διωξετε διώξετε διώξη διωξητε διώξητε δίωξον διώξονται διώξουσι διωξουσιν διώξουσιν διώξω διώξωμεν διώξωσι διωξωσιν διώξωσιν διώροφα διώρυγας διώρυγες διώρυγος διωστήρας διωχθησονται διωχθήσονται εδιωκε εδίωκε ἐδίωκε ἐδίωκεν εδιωκον εδίωκον ἐδίωκον εδιωξα εδίωξα ἐδίωξα εδιωξαν εδίωξαν εδίωξάν ἐδίωξαν εδιώξε εδίωξε εδιωξεν εδίωξεν ἐδίωξεν εδιώχθημεν dediogmenoi dediogménoi dediōgmenoi dediōgménoi diochthesontai diochthḗsontai diōchthēsontai diōchthḗsontai dioke diōke díoke díōke diokeis diōkeis diṓkeis Diokete Diōkete Diṓkete dioko diōkō diṓko diṓkō diokomai diōkomai diṓkomai diokomen diōkōmen diṓkomen diṓkōmen diokomenoi diokómenoi diōkomenoi diōkómenoi diokon diōkōn diṓkon diṓkōn diokonta diōkonta diṓkonta diokontai diōkōntai diṓkontai diṓkōntai diokontas diōkontas diṓkontas diokontes diōkontes diṓkontes diokonton diokónton diōkontōn diōkóntōn diokosin diōkōsin diṓkosin diṓkōsin dioxato dioxáto diōxatō diōxátō dioxete diōxete diōxēte diṓxete diṓxēte dioxosin diōxōsin diṓxosin diṓxōsin dioxousin diōxousin diṓxousin edioken ediōken edíoken edíōken ediokon ediōkon edíokon edíōkon edioxa ediōxa edíoxa edíōxa edioxan ediōxan edíoxan edíōxan edioxen ediōxen edíoxen edíōxen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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