Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1379 - גָּבַל
1) to bound, border
1a) (Qal) to bound, border
1b) (Hiphil) to set bounds, set bounds for
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) to twist, to twist together, to wreathe as a rope (kindred to חָבַל, כָּבַל, compare also جُمَّلُ a rope), hence גַּבְלוּת, מִגְבָּלָה wreathen work, and גְּבוּל prop. a line by which boundaries were measured, then used of the boundary itself (compare finis and funis, Engl. line, both cord and boundary), and from the signification of limit, جَبَلُ a mountain, a chain of mountains, as being the natural limit of regions, comp. ὄρος and ὅρος, and Heb. גְּבַל, גְּבָל. Denominative from גְּבוּל is
(2) to bound, to limit
(a) used of the boundary itself. Joshua 18:20, וְהַיַּרְדֵּן יִגְבּוֹל־אוֹתוֹ “and Jordan was its border.”
(b) with an acc. of the boundary, to set, to determine. Deuteronomy 19:14, “Remove not the boundaries of thy neighbour אֲשֶׁר גָּֽבְלוּ רִאשֹׂנִים which those of old have set.”
(3) Followed by בְּ to border upon, to be adjacent to, Zechariah 9:2.
Hiphil, to set bounds to any thing, to limit. Exodus 19:23, הַגְבֵּל אֶת־הָהָר “set bounds round the mountain;” Exodus 19:12, וְהִגְבַּלְתָּ אֶת־הָעָם “and set bounds to the people.”
Derivatives, see Kal No. 1.
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