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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1879 - דָּשֵׁן

Root Word (Etymology)
from (H1878)
Parts of Speech
adjective, substantive
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. adj
    1. fat
  2. subst
    1. vigorous, stalwart ones

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4140 ‑ πλησμονή (place‑mon‑ay');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
NAS (4)
Psalms 3
Isaiah 1
CSB (3)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
BSB (3)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
ESV (3)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
WEB (3)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2115) nsd (דסהנ DShN) AC: ? CO: Fat AB: ?: The fat of an animal as well as the fat ashes, the ashes and fat of a burnt sacrifice mixed together.

V) nsd (דסהנ DShN) - Fat: To make something fat. Also the removal of the fat ashes from the alter. KJV (11): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) fat, ash, anoint, accept - Strongs: H1878 (דָּשֵׁן)

Nm) nsd (דסהנ DShN) - Fat: KJV (18): fat, fatness, ash - Strongs: H1879 (דָּשֵׁן), H1880 (דֶּשֶׁן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 דָּשֵׁן adjective fat, דָּשֵׁן Isaiah 30:23 ("" שָׁמֵן), of לֶחֶם as product of ground; figurative of righteous as trees דְּשֵׁנִים Psalm 92:15 ("" רעננים) fat, full of oil (?) or sap (Che; compare דֶּשֶׁן Judges 9:9); as substantive vigorous, stalwart ones (opposed to יוֺרְדֵי עָפָר compare Che) Psalm 22:30 דִּשְׁנֵיֿאֶרֶץ (Brüll שֹׁכְנֵי, Ren Hist. iii. 134 ישְׁבֵי).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

דָּשֵׁן to be fat, to become fat, Deuteronomy 31:20. (Arab. دَسِمَ id., ם and ן being interchanged.)


(1) to make any thing fat, marrowy. Proverbs 15:30, שְׁמוּעָה טוֹבָה תְּדַשֶּׁן־עָֽצֶם “good tidings make the bones fat,” as if, fills them with marrow, imparts strength. Hence to anoint, Psalms 23:5.

(2) to pronounce fat. Psal. 20:4 עוֹלָֽתְךָ יְדַשְּׁנֶה “pronounce thy burnt-offering fat,” i.e. accept it. (As to ־ֶה parag. comp. 1 Samuel 28:15.) According to Kimchi (denom. from דֶּשֶׁן compare No. 3), turn to ashes, i.e. by sending fire down from heaven, comp. 1 Kings 18:24, 36 1 Kings 18:36.

(3) (denom. from דֶּשֶׁן) to clear from ashes, Exodus 27:3; Numbers 4:13.

Pual, pass. of Piel No. 1, but figuratively, to be satiated abundantly. Proverbs 13:4, נֶפֶשׁ חָרֻצִים תְּדֻשָּׁן “the soul of the diligent shall be abundantly filled;” Proverbs 28:25.

Hothpael חֻדַּשַּׁן for הֻתְדַּשַּׁן to be anointed with fatness, to be smeared, used of a sword, Isaiah 34:6.

The derived nouns follow immediately.

דָּשֵׁן adj. [pl. דְּשֵׁנִים const. דִּשְׁנֵי]

(1)  fat, rich, [“comp. שָׁמֵן”], (used of a soil), Isaiah 30:23.

(2) juicy, full of sap (used of trees), Psalms 92:15.

(3) rich, wealthy (used of persons), Psalms 22:30. Comp. שֶׁמֶן.

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List of Word Forms
דְּשֵׁנִ֖ים דִּשְׁנֵי־ דָשֵׁ֖ן דשן דשני־ דשנים ḏā·šên ḏāšên daShen də·šê·nîm dəšênîm desheNim diš·nê- dishnei dišnê-
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