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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2119 - זָחַל

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to shrink back, crawl away

1a) (Qal) crawling, creeping (participle) (metonymy)

2) to fear, be afraid

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2270 ‑ ἡσυχάζω (hay‑soo‑khad'‑zo);  4951 ‑ σύρω (soo'‑ro);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
N95 (0)
CSB (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
BSB (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
ESV (2)
Job 1
Micah 1
WEB (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2120) lhz (זההל ZHhL) AC: Fear CO: ? AB: ?

V) lhz (זההל ZHhL) - F KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Participle) serpent, worm, fear, dread, terrible, afraid - Strongs: H1763 (דְּחַל), H2119 (זָחַל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [זָחַל] verb shrink back, crawl away (Aramaic זְחַל crawl (also drop, drip, of water: so Late Hebrew זָחַל), זָחֵיל worm; Syriac locust (as crawling); Arabic withdraw, retire to a distance (see Lane, Wetzst in De Hiob 2,428), and Sabean זחֿל withdraw, humble oneself DHM ZMG 1875,610) —

Qal only Participle plural construct זֹחֲלֵי Deuteronomy 32:24; Micah 7:17; — crawl, of reptiles (participle) זֹחֲלֵי עָפָר Deuteronomy 32:24i.e. serpents (as poisonous), instruments of Yahweh's judgment on Israel; ארץ׳ז Micah 7:17 id. (as crawling into the earth to hide), simile of nations in fear of ׳י.

II. [זָחַל] verb fear, be afraid (Aramaic דְּחַל, ; compare Arabic rancour, malevolence; Nö ZMG. 1886,741) — only

Qal Perfect 1 singular זָחַלְתִּי Job 32:6 therefore I feared ("" וָאִירָא); > most, who derive from I. זָחַל = shrink away in fear, hold back (RV), compare ᵑ7אִסְתְּמִּיתִי Fl ChWB ii. 571.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to creep, to crawl. Part. זֹחֲלֵי־עָפָר “the creepers of the dust,” i.e. serpents; Deuteronomy 32:24; Micah 7:17. Hence

(2) to fear, to be afraid, properly to walk with faltering footsteps, see דְּחַל. Job 32:6, עַל־כֵּן זָחַלְתִּי וָאִירָא “therefore I was afraid and feared.”

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
זָחַ֥לְתִּי זֹחֲלֵ֥י זחלי זחלתי כְּזֹחֲלֵ֣י כזחלי kə·zō·ḥă·lê kezochaLei kəzōḥălê zā·ḥal·tî zaChalti zāḥaltî zō·ḥă·lê zochaLei zōḥălê
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