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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2239 - זֶרֶת

Root Word (Etymology)
from (H2219)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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1) span

1a) a unit of measure, approx half-cubit, or the distance from the thumb to the little finger on an outstretched hand

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
Exodus 4
1 Samuel 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 1
NAS (7)
Exodus 4
1 Samuel 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 1
CSB (7)
Exodus 4
1 Samuel 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 1
BSB (7)
Exodus 4
1 Samuel 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 1
ESV (3)
1 Samuel 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 1
WEB (7)
Exodus 4
1 Samuel 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1158) rz (זר ZR) AC: Spread CO: ? AB: ?: The pictograph z represents the harvest. The r is the picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "harvest of heads". After the grain has been harvested and the heads of grain have been broken open, the heads are thrown into the wind where the chaff is blown away and the seed falls to the ground where they can be gathered.

A) rz (זר ZR) AC: Spread out CO: Span AB: ?: Something that is spread or scattered over a large area.

Nm) rz (זר ZR) - Spread out: Something that is spread or scattered over a large area. KJV (10): crown - Strongs: H2213 (זֵר)

Nf2) trz (זרת ZRT) - Span: The span of the fingers, often used as a measurement. KJV (7): span - Strongs: H2239 (זֶרֶת)

lbm) rizrz (זרזיר ZRZYR) - Zarziyr: An unknown animal. KJV (1): greyhound - Strongs: H2223 (זַרְזִיר)

B) rrz (זרר ZRR) AC: Sneeze CO: ? AB: ?: The spreading out of the breath.

V) rrz (זרר ZRR) - Sneeze: KJV (1): (vf: Piel) sneeze - Strongs: H2237 (זָרַר)

G) rez (זהר ZHR) AC: Warn CO: ? AB: ?

V) rez (זהר ZHR) - Warn: [Unknown connection to root; Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (23): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) warn, admonish, teach, shine, heed - Strongs: H2094 (זָהַר), H2095 (זְהַר)

E) arz (זרא ZRA) AC: ? CO: Vomit AB: ?: Something spread out.

V) arz (זרא ZRA) - Vomit: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) loathsome - Strongs: H2214 (זָרָא)

H) erz (זרה ZRH) AC: Scatter CO: Pitchfork AB: ?

V) erz (זרה ZRH) - Scatter: KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel) scatter, disperse, fan, spread, winnow, cast away, compass, strawed - Strongs: H2219 (זָרָה)

hm) erzm (מזרה MZRH) - Pitchfork: Used to scatter the grain in the wind. KJV (2): fan - Strongs: H4214 (מִזְרֶה)

km) erzm (מזרה MZRH) - Wind: A strong scattering wind. KJV (1): north - Strongs: H4215 (מְזָרִים)

I) rzf (וזר WZR) AC: Scatter CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) rzf (וזר WZR) - Scatter: KJV (1): strange - Strongs: H2054 (וָזָר)

J) rfz (זור ZWR) AC: Squeeze CO: ? AB: ?: When the grain is squeezed the seed inside comes out.

V) rfz (זור ZWR) - Strange: To be strange. One who is scattered abroad. KJV (77): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Participle) stranger, strange, estranged, gone, fanner, another - Strongs: H2114 (זוּר)

am) rfzm (מזור MZWR) - Snare: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): wound - Strongs: H4204 (מָזוֹר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 זֶ֫רֶת noun feminine span (Late Hebrew id. (ᵑ7זַרְתָּא, Syriac ; apparently from Hebrew), etymology dubious; Thes and most derive from √ זרה, see Ol§ 146 b but also Sta§ 187 a; Ba ZMG 1887,607 proposes √ זרה measure off, determine, compare p. 280) — span, as standard of measurement, תִּכֵּן׳שָׁמַיִם בַּז Isaiah 40:12; elsewhere of actual size, a span, distance between ends of thumb and little finger of spread hand; = 1/2cubit (see אַמָּה & references; compare Exodus 25:10 with Joseph Ant. iii. 6, 5), ׳ז Exodus 28:16 (twice in verse); Exodus 39:9 (twice in verse) (all P) Ezekiel 43:13; זָ֑רֶת 1 Samuel 17:4 six cubits and a span. See Hultsch Metrol. 1882,443 Benz Archäol. 179.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

זֶרֶת f. a span, Exodus 28:16, 39:9 1 Samuel 17:4. (Aram. ܙܰܪܬܰ, ܙܰܪܬܐܳ, זַרְתָּא id.), from the root זָרָה to spread out; whence זֵר (for זֵרֶה); f. זֶרֶת, like קֶרֶת from קָרָה, כֶּסֶת from כָּסָה. [“Also according to the Rabbins זֶרֶת is the little finger, for זְעֶרֶת, and hence they derive the meaning of a span, as being terminated by the little finger.” Ges. add.]

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List of Word Forms
בַּזֶּ֣רֶת בזרת וְזֶ֥רֶת וָזָֽרֶת׃ וזרת וזרת׃ זֶ֣רֶת זֶ֥רֶת זֶ֧רֶת זרת baz·ze·reṯ bazZeret bazzereṯ vaZaret veZeret wā·zā·reṯ wāzāreṯ wə·ze·reṯ wəzereṯ ze·reṯ Zeret zereṯ
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