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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2748 - חַרְטֹם
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חַרְטֹם m. only in plur. חַרְטֻמִּים sacred scribes, skilled in the sacred writing (i.e. in the hieroglyphics), ἱερογραμματεῖς, a kind of Egyptian priests (see Jablonskii Prolegg., in Panth. Ægypt., page 91, seq. Creuzer, Mythologie und Symbolik, i. p. 245). Genesis 41:8, 24 Genesis 41:24; Exodus 7:11, 22 8:3 14:15 9:11 this name is also applied to the Babylonian magi, Daniel 1:20, 2:2. This word appears to me to be of Hebrew origin, whether it be derived from חֶרֶט a style, and ־ֹם formative (comp. פִּדְיוֹם from פָּדָה, דָּרוֹם from דָּרַר), or whether it be taken as a quadriliteral, formed from the triliterals חָרַט and חָרַם to be sacred. But, however, it is not an improbable opinion that the Hebrews imitated in these letters a similar Egyptian word (comp. אַבְרֵךְ, משֶׁה, בְּהֵמוֹת); thus, according to Jablonski (loc. cit., and Opuscc. ed. te Water, i. p. 401) ⲉⲣϫⲱⲙ thaumaturgus, or according to Ignatius Rossius (in Etymol. Ægypt., p. 366) ⲥⲁⲣⲉⲥⲧⲱⲙ i.e. guardian of secret things. On the other hand it seems altogether absurd to seek for this word, which occurs so frequently in the Pentateuch, another etymology when found in Daniel, by deriving it from the Persic; namely, from خردمند chyredmand (not chardamand), endued with wisdom. Besides Jablonski and Rossius, see Michaëlis Supplem. p. 920; Rosenmüller ad Bocharti Hieroz. ii. page 468; Pfeifferi Dubia Vexata, ad Exodus 7:11.
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11