the Fifth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3196 - יַיִן
1221) ni (ינ YN) AC: ? CO: Wine AB: ?
J) nfi (יונ YWN) AC: ? CO: Mire AB: ?
Nm ) nfi (יונ YWN) - Mire: KJV (2): miry, mire - Strongs: H3121 (יָוֵן)
Nf1) enfi (יונה YWNH) - Dove: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (32): dove, pigeon - Strongs: H3123 (יוֹנָה)
M) nii (יינ YYN) AC: ? CO: Wine AB: ?
Nm ) nii (יינ YYN) - Wine: From the mire in the wine. KJV (140): wine, banqueting - Strongs: H3196 (יַיִן)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
a. common drink, for refreshment Genesis 14:18 (E?) Genesis 27:25 (J), Judges 19:19; 2 Samuel 16:2; Amos 5:11; Amos 9:14; Hosea 14:8; Job 1:13,18; Daniel 1:5 +, tonic Proverbs 31:6; article of commerce Ezekiel 27:18; Nehemiah 13:15; among supplies in strongholds 2 Chronicles 11:11; as making merry 2 Samuel 13:28; Zechariah 9:15; Zechariah 10:7; Esther 1:10; Ecclesiastes 9:7; Ecclesiastes 10:19; Psalm 104:15.
b. used for rejoicing before׳י Deuteronomy 14:26, compare Hosea 9:4; as drink-offering in prescribed ritual Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 23:13; Numbers 15:5,7,10; Numbers 28:14; among temple stores 1 Chronicles 9:29; used also in heathen ceremonial, see Deuteronomy 32:33.
c. intoxicating 1 Samuel 1:14; 1 Samuel 25:37; Genesis 9:21,24; Genesis 19:32,33,34,35 (all J), Isaiah 5:11,22; Proverbs 21:17; Proverbs 23:30,31 +; "" תִּירוֺשׁ Hosea 4:11; "" שֵׁכָר 1 Samuel 1:15; Micah 2:11; Isaiah 24:9; Isaiah 28:7 (twice in verse); Isaiah 56:12 12t.; forbidden to Nazirites Numbers 6:3 (twice in verse) (חֹמֶץ יַיִן וְחֹמֶץ שֵׁכָר), Numbers 6:4; Numbers 6:20, compare Amos 2:12; to Rechabites Jeremiah 35:2,5f.; to mother of Samson Judges 13:4,7,14; to priests entering sanctuary Leviticus 10:9 (P), Ezekiel 44:21; unfitting for kings Proverbs 31:4.
d. combinations are: יֵין הַטּוֺב Song of Solomon 7:10 = the best wine (read כַּיַּיִן ?) Ges§ 133. 3, R. 1; יֵין מַלְכוּת Esther 1:7 royal wine; אֹצרְוֺת יַּיִן 1 Chronicles 27:27 stores of wine, wine-supply; יַיִן הָרֶקַח Song of Solomon 8:2 spiced wine; מִשְׁתֵּה הַיַּיִן wine-feast Esther 5:6; Esther 7:2,7,8; סֹבְאֵי יַיִן Proverbs 23:20 wine-bibbers; נאֹד יין wine-skin Joshua 9:4,13; 1 Samuel 16:20; נֵבֶל יין id. 1 Samuel 1:24; 1 Samuel 10:3; 1 Samuel 25:18; 2 Samuel 16:1; Jeremiah 13:12 (twice in verse); בֵּית הַיָּ֑יִן Song of Solomon 2:4 either wine-house, where wine is drunk, feasting-house (De and others), or place of wine = vineyard (Ew and others; compare גֶּפֶן יַיִן Numbers 6:4).
e. metaphor of wisdom's drink Proverbs 9:2,5, compare Isaiah 55:1; of ׳י s wrath Jeremiah 25:15 (כּוֺס היין); of confusion sent by ׳י, יַיִן תַּרְעֵלָה wine of reeling Psalm 60:5, compare Psalm 75:9; of ׳י s awaking for vengeance, like a wine-shouter Psalm 78:65; of Babylon's fierce power Jeremiah 51:7; of love Song of Solomon 5:1; יֵין חֲמָסִים Proverbs 4:17; in simile of one bursting with words Job 32:19; of disheartened prophet Jeremiah 23:9 (כְּגֶבֶר עֲבָרוֺיַיִן); of lover's mouth Song of Solomon 7:10 (see above); love is better than wine Song of Solomon 1:2; 4:10.
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יַיִן const. יֵין, once יַיִן Song of Solomon 8:2 with suff. יֵינִי m.
(1) wine, perhaps so called from bubbling up and fermenting, see יָוַן, unless it be deemed better to regard it as a primitive. (Arab. وَيْنُ collect. clusters becoming black, with the noun of unity وَيْنَةُ, Eth. ወደነ፡ a vineyard, wine, Greek οἶνος, Latin vinum, Armen. գիՆի gini). בֵּית הַיַּיִן house of wine, Song of Solomon 2:4, poet. for בֵּית מִשְׁתֵּה הַיַּיִן Esther 7:8, convivial room, and the words in the cited place, הֱבִיאַנִי אֶל־בֵּית הַיַּיִן “he brought me to the house of wine,” for he intoxicated me with love, μεθύσκομαι ἔρωτι. Vulg. cella vinaria. Others understand it to mean a vineyard, which in this context would be frigid.
(2) meton. effect of wine, intoxication, Genesis 9:24; 1 Samuel 1:14, 25:37.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.