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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3331 - יָצַע

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to spread out, make a bed
    1. (Hiphil) to lay, spread out
    2. (Hophal) to be laid, be spread out

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (4)
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
BSB (4)
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
CSB (4)
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
ESV (4)
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
KJV (4)
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
LEB (4)
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
LSB (10)
Esther 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 7
N95 (3)
Esther 1
Isaiah 2
NAS (15)
Esther 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 2
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (4)
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1407) oy (תסאה TsAh) AC: Spread CO: Bed AB: ?: The pictograph y is a picture of a man laying on his side as at rest. The bed consisted of blankets spread out on the floor of the tent. A spreading out of something.

A) oy (תסאה TsAh) AC: ? CO: Bed AB: ?

am ) oym (מתסאה MTsAh) - Bed: KJV (1): bed - Strongs: H4702 (מַצָּע)

ldm) ofyoy (תסאהתסואה TsAhTsWAh) - Image: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): image - Strongs: H6816 (צַעֲצֻעִים)

H) eoy (תסאהה TsAhH) AC: Wander CO: ? AB: ?: A traveling through a spread out area.

V) eoy (תסאהה TsAhH) - Wander: KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Piel) wander, exile, travel - Strongs: H6808 (צָעָה)

L) oyi (יתסאה YTsAh) AC: Spread CO: Bed AB: ?

V) oyi (יתסאה YTsAh) - Spread: To spread out something to lay on. KJV (4): (vf: Hiphil, Hophal) spread, bed - Strongs: H3331 (יָצַע)

dm) ofyi (יתסואה YTsWAh) - Bed: KJV (11): chamber, bed, couch - Strongs: H3326 (יָצוּעַ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [יָצַע] verb Hiph`il lay, spread, late (Ges§ 71; Aramaic יְצַע Pa`el, Aph`el id., also expound, 'auslegen;' Arabic is put or lay (down, on a place, etc.), but = Aramaic ע) —

Hiph`il Imperfect יַצִּיעַ Isaiah 58:5; אַצִּ֫יעָה Psalm 139:8; lay, spread out, followed by accusative שׂק ואפר Isaiah 58:5; שׁאול Psalm 139:8 if I spread out Sh®°ôl (as my couch).

Hoph`al Imperfect יֻצַּע (

Pu`al Perfect De Di and others) be laid, spread; subject שׂק ואפר Esther 4:3; subject רִמָּה worm, as couch for king of Babylon Isaiah 14:11.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָצַע to spread out. (Arab. وضع to place, to spread out. Cognate roots are יָצַב, יָצַג, יָצַק.) Part. pass. יָצוּעַ subst. [simply taken as such in Thes.]

(1) a bed, a couch, Psalms 63:7, 132:3 Job 17:13 used of a marriage bed, Genesis 49:4.

(2) a story, floor. Vulg. tabulatum. 1 Kings 6:5, 1 Kings 6:6, 10 1 Kings 6:10(יָצִיעַ קרי). Const. fem. verse 1 Kings 6:6(ter) and masc. verse 10 1 Kings 6:10. In the temple of Solomon, loc. cit., this name was given to the three stories of side chambers (צְלָעוֹת) on three of the sides of the temple, five cubits in height one above another; יָצוּעַ fem. Verse 1 Kings 6:6 is used of the single stories; in verses 1 Kings 6:5, 10 1 Kings 6:10(where it is masculine) it is used collectively of the whole of this part of the temple. Aug. Hirt (der Tempel Salomo’s, p. 24, 25), makes these three stories to have risen to the full height of the temple; in this he follows Josephus, but it is in contradiction to the express words of the Hebrew text, verse 18, וַיִּבֶן אֶת־הַיָּצוּעַ עַל־כָּל־הַבַּיִת חָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת קוֹמָתוֹ.

Hiphil הִצִּיעַ to spread out, to spread under. Psalms 139:8, וְאַצִּיעָה שְׁאוֹל “and (if) I spread out Hades beneath me,” i.e. make (it) my bed, Isaiah 58:5.

Hophal, pass. Isaiah 14:11, תַּחְתֶּיךָ יֻצַּע רִמָּה “the worms are spread under thee,” are for thy bed, Esther 4:3 compare Isaiah 14:11.

Derivative מַצָּע.

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List of Word Forms
וְאַצִּ֖יעָה ואציעה יַצִּ֔יעַ יֻצַּ֖ע יֻצַּ֣ע יציע יצע veatzTziah wə’aṣṣî‘āh wə·’aṣ·ṣî·‘āh yaṣ·ṣî·a‘ yaṣṣîa‘ yatzTzia yuṣ·ṣa‘ yuṣṣa‘ yutzTza
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