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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3334 - יָצַר
1) to bind, be distressed, be in distress, be cramped, be narrow, be scant, be in straits, make narrow, cause distress, beseige
1a) (Qal) to suffer distress
Nm ) ry (תסר TsR) - I. Enemy:One who closes in with pressure. II. Strait:A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (105): enemy, adversary, trouble, distress, affliction, foe, narrow, strait, flint, sorrow - Strongs: H6862 (צָר)
V) rya (אתסר ATsR) - I. Belt:To wrap around tightly. [df: rza]II. Store:To store up something in a safe place as if bound up. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) gird, bind, compass, store, treasure - Strongs: H247 (אָזַר), H686 (אָצַר)
gf) refy (תסוהר TsWHR) - Shining: Something that shines bright. Also noon as the brightest part of the day. From the glistening of olive oil. [df: rhz] KJV (26): brightness, noon, noonday, day, midday, window - Strongs: H2096 (זֹהַר), H6672 (צָהֳרַיִם)
V) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Press: [df: rwz] KJV (41): (vf: Paal) besiege, siege, distress, bind, adversary, assault, bag, beset, cast, fashion, fortify, inclose, bind, crush, closed, thrust - Strongs: H2115 (זוּר), H6696 (צוּר)
Nm ) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Flint: A very hard rock that when fractured forms a razor sharp edge. Used for knives, spears or arrowheads. KJV (80): rock, strength, sharp, god, beauty, edge, stone, mighty, strong, stone, flint - Strongs: H6697 (צֻר), H6864 (צֹר)
V) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Press: To pressed or squeeze out of shape or into a shape as when pressing clay into a shape. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Pual) distressed, straitened, straits, vex, narrow, form, potter, fashion, maker, frame, make, former, earthen, purpose - Strongs: H3334 (יָצַר), H3335 (יָצַר)
Nm) riy (תסיר TsYR) - I. Pain:A pressing pain. II. Idol:As pressed out of clay. III. Hinge:As pressed. The weight of the door rested on the hinge. IV. Messenger:KJV (14): ambassador, messenger, pain, pang, sorrow, idol, hinge - Strongs: H6735 (צִיר), H6736 (צִיר)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
יָצַר fut. וַיִּיצֶר, וַיִּצֶר, also יִצֹּר Isaiah 44:12 (so also Isaiah 42:6, 49:8 אֶצָּרְךָ which, in my Commentary, I have with others incorrectly derived from נָצַר); see No. 2.
(1) to form, to fashion, as a potter, clay (see יוֹצֵר a potter), Genesis 2:7, 8:19 an artist, statues, Isaiah 44:9, 10 Isaiah 44:10, 12 Isaiah 44:12 arms, Isaiah 54:17. Often used of God as the Creator, Psalms 94:9, יוֹצֵר עַיִן “he who formed the eye,” Psalms 33:15, 74:17 99:5 Isaiah 45:7, 18 Isaiah 45:18, in which sense it is often joined with בָּרָא. Part. יוֹצֵר as a subst. is
(a) a potter, Psalms 94:9, 20 Psalms 94:20 whence כְּלִי יוֹצֵר a vessel of earthenware, Psalms 2:9; 2 Samuel 17:28.
(b) an artist, a maker of statues, Isaiah 44:9.
(c) creator, Isaiah 43:1, 44:2, 24 Isaiah 44:24. As to the word יוֹצֵר Zechariah 11:13, see p. 343, B. [The use made of the passage in the New Test. proves that the word here simply means the potter.]
(2) Followed by לְ to form for any thing, to destine for any thing; Isaiah 44:21, יְצַרְתִּיךָ לְעֶבֶד לִי “I have formed thee, that thou mayest be my servant;” Isaiah 42:6, אֶצָּרְךָ וְאֶתֶּנְךָ לִבְרִית עֶם “I have formed thee, and made thee the author of a covenant of the people;” Isaiah 49:5, Isaiah 49:8, 45:18 (fin.). Often used of things predestined, predetermined by God, (opp. to their event, result), Isaiah 22:11, 37:26 43:7 46:11.
(3) to form in the mind, to devise, to plan, 2 Kings 19:25 עַל against any one, Jeremiah 18:11; Psalms 94:20; Jeremiah 1:5 (קרי).
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be formed, created, Isaiah 43:10.
Pual יֻצַּר pass. of Kal No. 3, to be predestined, Psalms 139:16.
Hophal, i.q. Niphal, Isaiah 54:17.
Derivatives, יֵצֶר, יְצֻרִים.
[In Thes. this root is not divided into two parts.]
יָצַר i.q. צוּר, but intrans. to be straitened, to be narrow, (comp. Gramm. § 76, Lehrg. § 112). Only found in fut. יֵצַר, pl. יֵצְרוּ Proverbs 4:12; Isaiah 49:19; Job 18:7. Elsewhere impers. וַיֵּצֶר לוֹ it was narrow to him (in pret. צַר לוֹ), i.e.
(a) to be in distress, Judges 2:15, 10:9 Job 20:22.
(b) to be in perplexity, Genesis 32:8 (and so in f. וַתֵּצֶר לוֹ 1 Samuel 30:6).
(c) to be grieved (er nahm es fich nahe), 2 Samuel 13:12.
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29