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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3584 - כָּחַשׁ

Transliteration
kâchash
Phonetics
kaw-khash'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
975
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כָּחַל
 
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כַּחַשׁ
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to deceive, lie, fail, grow lean, be disappointing, be untrue, be insufficient, be found liars, belie, deny, dissemble, deal falsely

1a) (Qal) to become lean

1b) (Niphal) to cringe, feign obedience

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to deceive, deny falsely

1c2) to act deceptively

1c3) to cringe

1c4) to disappoint, fail

1d) (Hithpael) to cringe, feign obedience

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 720 ‑ ἀρνέομαι (ar‑neh'‑om‑ahee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (22)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
NAS (26)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 2
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 8
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
HCS (22)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
BSB (23)
Genesis 2
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
ESV (19)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Hosea 2
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
WEB (20)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2257) shk (כההסה KHhSh) AC: Deny CO: ? AB: ?: A withholding or denial of something such as food resulting in leanness and truth through a lie.

V) shk (כההסה KHhSh) - Deny: To withhold something from another or self as in a lie or submission. KJV (22): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) lie, submit, deny, fail, dissemble, liar, deceive - Strongs: H3584 (כָּחַשׁ)

Nm) shk (כההסה KHhSh) - I. Lie:A denial of the truth. II. Leanness:A denial of food. KJV (7): lying, lies, leanness - Strongs: H3585 (כַּחַשׁ), H3586 (כֶּחָשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 כָּחַשׁ verb be disappointing, deceive, fail, grow lean (Late Hebrew כָּחַשׁ grow lean; Hiph`il convict of falsehood, refute; Aramaic כְּחַשׁ grow lean; כַּחְשָׁא leanness, כְּחִישׁוּתָא leanness, weakness; Aph`el as Late Hebrew Hiph`il) —

Qal. Perfect 3 masculine singular וּבְשָׂרִי כָּחַשׁ מִשָּׁ֑מֶן Psalm 109:24 my flesh hath grown lean (away) from fatness ("" בִּרְכַּי כָּֽשְׁלוּ מִצּוֺם).

Niph`al Imperfect וְיִכָּֽחֲשׂוּ אֹיְבֶיךָ לָךְ Deuteronomy 33:29 thine enemies shall cringe (come cringing, i.e. originally act deceptively, feigning obedience) to thee (compare also Pi`el 3, Hithpa`el)

Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular כִּחֵשׁ 1 Kings 13:18; Habakkuk 3:17; וְכִּ֫חֶשׁ consecutive (before monosyll.) Leviticus 5:22; Job 8:18, etc.; Imperfect יְכַ֫חֶשּׁ (בָּהּׅ Hosea 9:2; 3 feminine singular וַתְּכַחֵשׂ Genesis 18:15, etc.; Infinitive absolute כַּחֵשׁ Hosea 4:2; Isaiah 59:13; construct Zechariah 13:4; —

1 device, absolute Genesis 18:15 (J), Joshua 7:11 (JE), Hosea 4:2 (אלה וכחשׁ together = false swearing according to We Kl. Pr.; + וְרָצֹחַ וְגָנֹב וְנָאֹ֑ף), compare לֹא תִגְנֹ֑בוּ וְלֹאֿתְכַחֲשׁוּ וְלֹא תְשַׁקְּרוּ אִישׁ בַּעֲמִיתוֺ Leviticus 19:11 (H); ׳לְמַעַן כ Zechariah 13:4 in order to deceive; followed by לְ person 1 Kings 13:18; Job 31:28; followed by בְ person and of thing Leviticus 5:21, בְ of thing Leviticus 6:22.

2 act deceptively against (i.e. seem to acknowledge, but not really do so), followed by בְ person Joshua 24:27 (E), Jeremiah 5:12; Isaiah 59:13; Job 8:18, apparently also בָּהּ׳וְתִירוֺשׁ יכ Hosea 9:2 and new wine shall deny her (Israel; i.e. refuse to acknowledge her as its mistress, not yield itself to her); absolute Proverbs 30:9.

3 cringe = come cringing (make shew of obedience, see Niph`al) followed by בְ person Psalm 18:45 (Hithpa`el in "" 2 Samuel 22:45); followed by לְ person Psalm 66:3; Psalm 81:16.

4 disappoint, fail, absolute כִּחֵשׁ מַעֲשֵׂה זַיִת Habakkuk 3:17 the product of the olive hath failed (in sense compare Hosea 9:2 above)

Hithpa`el Imperfect יִתְכַּחֲשׁוּ לִי 2 Samuel 22:45 shall come cringing to me ("" Psalm 18:45. see above)


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּחַשׁ (kindred to כָּחַד)

(1) prob. to lie (see Piel).

(2) to fail, used of the body (compare כִּזַּב Isaiah 58:11). Psalms 109:24, בְּשָׂרִי כָּחַשׁ מִשֶּׁמֶן “my flesh faileth of fatness,” i.e. is void of fat, is become lean. Compare כַּחַשׁ.

Piel כִּחֵשׁ

(1) to deny, Genesis 18:15; Joshua 7:11 followed by בְּ of pers. and thing, to disavow any thing, Lev. 5:21, 22 Job 8:18, כִּחֵשׁ בַּיהֹוָה to deny the Lord; Isaiah 59:13; Jeremiah 5:12 ellipt. Proverbs 30:9, פֶּן־אֶשְׂבַּע וְכִחַשְׁתִּי “lest I be full and deny (God).”

(2) to lie, Levit. 19:11 Hosea 4:2 followed by לְ 1 Kings 13:18, כִּחֵשׁ לוֹ “he lied to him.”

(3) to deceive (one’s expectation); hence, i.q. to fail, used of the productions of the earth, Hosea 9:2; Habakkuk 3:17 compare Lat. spem mentita seges, fundus mendax.

(4) to feign, to flatter, most commonly used of the vanquished pretending subjection and love towards a victor, Psalms 18:45, 66:3 81:16 כִּחֵשׁ לַיהֹוָה Job 31:28.

Niphal, Deuteronomy 33:29, and Hithpael, 2 Samuel 22:45, i.q. Piel No. 4. Hence


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List of Word Forms
וְיִכָּֽחֲשׁ֤וּ וְכִ֥חֶשׁ וְכִחֵ֨שׁ וְכִחַשְׁתִּי֮ וְכַחֵ֔שׁ וְכַחֵשׁ֙ וַתְּכַחֵ֨שׁ ויכחשו וכחש וכחשתי ותכחש יְֽכַחֲשׁ֖וּ יְכַ֥חֶשׁ יְכַֽחֲשׁוּ־ יְכַחֲשׁוּ־ יִתְכַּֽחֲשׁוּ־ יכחש יכחשו יכחשו־ יתכחשו־ כִּֽחֲשׁ֔וּ כִּֽחֲשׁוּ֙ כִּחֵ֖שׁ כִּחֵשׁ֙ כִחַ֖שְׁתִּי כַּחֵֽשׁ׃ כָּחַ֥שׁ כחש כחש׃ כחשו כחשתי תְּכַחֲשׁ֖וּן תְכַחֲשׁ֥וּ תכחשו תכחשון chiChashti kā·ḥaš ka·ḥêš kaChash kaChesh kāḥaš kaḥêš ki·ḥă·šū ḵi·ḥaš·tî ki·ḥêš kichaShu kiChesh ḵiḥaštî kiḥăšū kiḥêš ṯə·ḵa·ḥă·šū tə·ḵa·ḥă·šūn techachaShu techachaShun ṯəḵaḥăšū təḵaḥăšūn vattechaChesh vechaChesh vechichashTi vechiChesh veyikkachaShu wat·tə·ḵa·ḥêš wattəḵaḥêš wə·ḵa·ḥêš wə·ḵi·ḥaš·tî wə·ḵi·ḥeš wə·ḵi·ḥêš wə·yik·kā·ḥă·šū wəḵaḥêš wəḵiḥaštî wəḵiḥeš wəḵiḥêš wəyikkāḥăšū yə·ḵa·ḥă·šū yə·ḵa·ḥă·šū- yə·ḵa·ḥeš yechachashu yeChachesh yəḵaḥăšū yəḵaḥăšū- yəḵaḥeš yiṯ·ka·ḥă·šū- yitkachashu yiṯkaḥăšū-
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