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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3754 - כֶּרֶם
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כֶּרֶם m. (twice fem. [properly only once, and it only occurs once in the two verses referred to], Isaiah 27:2, Isaiah 27:3) with suff. כַּרְמִי pl. כְּרָמִים, כַּרְמֵי.
(1) a field set with plants of nobler quality, cultivated as a garden or orchard. כֶּרֶם זַיִת an olive yard, Judges 15:5. דֶּרֶךְ כְּרָמִים a way which leads to gardens and orchards, i.e. to a cultivated country inhabited by men, as opp. to the desert, Job 24:18.
(2) Specially a vineyard, Exodus 22:4; Deuteronomy 20:6, 28:30, and so frequently; fully כֶּרֶם חֶמֶר a garden of wine [but the reading is כַּרְמֵי חֶמֶד], Amos 5:11. A vineyard is also sometimes used in the prophets as an image of the people of Israel, Isaiah 3:14, 5:1, seq.; 27:2, seq.; 51:3, compare Matthew 20:1, seq.; 21:28 Luke 20:9. (Arab. كَرْمُ id.) Hence the denominative
the First Week of Advent