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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3823 - לָבַב

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to ravish, become intelligent, get a mind
    1. (Niphal) to take heart, become enheartened, become intelligent
    2. (Piel) to ravish the heart, encourage, make heart beat faster
  2. (Piel) to make cakes, bake cakes, cook bread

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (5)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Song of Solomon 2
BSB (4)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Song of Solomon 2
CSB (4)
2 Samuel 1
Job 1
Song of Solomon 2
ESV (3)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
KJV (5)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Song of Solomon 2
LEB (5)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Song of Solomon 2
LSB (0)
The Legacy Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
N95 (0)
The New American Standard Bible (1995)
did not use
this Strong's Number
NAS (0)
The New American Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (6)
2 Samuel 3
Job 1
Song of Solomon 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1255) bl (לב LB) AC: ? CO: Heart AB: Think: The pictograph l is a picture of the shepherd staff representing authority, the b is a picture of a tent representing what is inside. Combined these mean "authority inside". The consciousness of man is seen as coming from deep inside the chest, the heart. Thirst as an Inside desire for water. (eng: life; love; liver - the seat of passion; lava)

A) bl (לב LB) AC: ? CO: Heart AB: ?: The organ that pumps blood. This organ is also seen as the seat of thought and emotion, the mind.

Nm) bl (לב LB) - Heart: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: lb] KJV (594): heart, mind, understanding, wisdom, friendly - Strongs: H1079 (בָּל), H3820 (לֵב), H3821 (לֵב)

Nf1 ) ebl (לבה LBH) - Flame: KJV (1): flame - Strongs: H3827 (לַבָּה)

B) bbl (לבב LBB) AC: ? CO: Heart AB: ?: The organ that pumps blood. The heart is also seen as the seat of thought and emotion, the mind.

V) bbl (לבב LBB) - Heart: To be wise of heart. KJV (5): (vf: Niphal, Piel) heart, make, wise - Strongs: H3823 (לָבַב)

Nm) bbl (לבב LBB) - Heart: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (259): heart, mind, understanding - Strongs: H3824 (לֵבָב), H3825 (לְבַב)

bf1) ebibl (לביבה LBYBH) - Cake: In the sense of being fat like the heart. KJV (3): cake - Strongs: H3834 (לָבִיבָה)

D) bal (לאב LAB) AC: ? CO: Thirst AB: ?: An Inside desire for water.

idf1) ebfalt (תלאובה TLAWBH) - Drought: KJV (1): drought - Strongs: H8514 (תַּלְאֻבוֹת)

E) abl (לבא LBA) AC: ? CO: Lion AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

bf) aibl (לביא LBYA) - Lion: KJV (14): lion, lioness, young - Strongs: H3833 (לְבָאוֹת)

G) bel (להב LHB) AC: ? CO: Flame AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

Nm) bel (להב LHB) - I. Flame: II. Blade:As shiny. KJV (12): flame, blade, glittering, bright - Strongs: H3851 (לַהַב)

Nf1) ebel (להבה LHBH) - I. Flame:[df: tbhl]II. Blade:As shiny. KJV (19): flame, head - Strongs: H3852 (לַחֶבֶת)

Nf2) tbel (להבת LHBT) - Flame: [df: tbhls] KJV (3): flame - Strongs: H7957 (שַׁלְהֶבֶת)

M) bil (ליב LYB) AC: ? CO: Heart AB: ?: The organ that pumps blood. This organ is also seen as the seat of thought and emotion, the mind.

Nf1) bil (ליב LYB) - Heart: KJV (8): heart - Strongs: H3826 (לִבָּה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [לבב] verb denominative Niph`al Imperfect יִלָּבֵב get a mind; וְאִישׁ נָבוּב יִלָּבֵב וְעַיִר מֶּרֶא אָדָם יִוָּלֵד shall an empty man get a mind or a wild ass's colt be born a man (?) Job 11:12.

Pi`el encourage; Perfect לִבַּבְתִּנִי בְּאַחַד֯ מֵעֵינַיִךְ . . . . לִבַּבִתִּנִי Song of Solomon 4:9 (twice in verse) thou hast encouraged me, thou hast encouraged me with one of thine eyes Ew Gi Gr RV m (AV RV Ges Hi De Öttli (compare Song of Solomon 5:6) ravished my heart, — Pi`el priv. Ges§ 52 h).

II. [לבב] verb denominative Pi`el make cakes. Imperfect תְּלַבֵּב 2 Samuel 13:6,8.

לְבַד alone see בַּד below בדד above

[לַבָּה], לַבַּת Exodus 3:2 see לֶהָבָה below להב.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

לָבַב a root unused in Kal; prob. i.q. נָבַב (comp. Job 11:12), to be hollow [“prob. to be fat, the primary idea lies in the smoothness of fat things.” See Thes.]; hence לֵב, לֵבָב, לִבָּה the heart, and לְבִיבָה a kind of cake, so called from its hollow form, [but see above as to the meaning of this root].

Niphal, denom. from לֵבָב pass. of Piel No. 1, to be deprived, to be void of heart, i.e. of mind, of understanding. Job 11:12 וְאִישׁ נָבוּב יִלָּבֵב וְעַיִר פֶּרֶא אָדָם יִוָּלֵד “but man (is) empty, (and) void of understanding, and man is born (like) a wild ass’s colt;” signifying the imbecility and dulness of the human understanding when compared with the divine wisdom. There is a play of words in the use of the verbs נָבוּב and יִלָּבֵב of a like origin. I formerly objected to this interpretation, which alone is suitable to the context, on the ground that there is no example of the privative power of Piel being transferred to Niphal; but this is removed by Arabic examples, as مكبود wounded in the liver. Or perhaps it may be inquired by the learned, whether the signification of dulness in יִלָּבֵב may not be drawn from the verb לבב itself, in the sense of hollowness [but has it such a sense?], so that יִלָּבֵב may be almost the same as נָבוּב. Others, by comparison of Syr. ܠܰܒܶܒ to make wise, to add understanding; Ethpael, to be made wise, strengthened, render “but dull man becomes wise, (when) a man shall be born the colt of a wild ass,” i.e. never; but this is contrary to the dignity of the Hebrew language.

Pieli לבֵּב

(1) denom. from לֵבָב, to wound, to take away any one’s heart (spoken of a maiden), Song of Solomon 4:9. Compare as to such denominatives, Heb. Gram. § 51, 2.

(2) denom. from לְבִיבָה to make such cakes, 2 Samuel 13:6, 2 Samuel 13:8(see לְבִיבָה).

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List of Word Forms
וַתְּלַבֵּ֣ב וּתְלַבֵּ֤ב ותלבב יִלָּבֵ֑ב ילבב לִבַּבְתִּ֖נִי לִבַּבְתִּ֙ינִי֙ לבבתיני לבבתני lib·baḇ·ti·nî lib·baḇ·tî·nî libbaḇtinî libbaḇtînî libbavTini ū·ṯə·lab·bêḇ ūṯəlabbêḇ utelabBev vattelabBev wat·tə·lab·bêḇ wattəlabbêḇ yil·lā·ḇêḇ yillāḇêḇ yillaVev
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