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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3824 - לֵבָב
1) inner man, mind, will, heart, soul, understanding
1a) inner part, midst
1a1) midst (of things)
1a2) heart (of man)
1a3) soul, heart (of man)
1a4) mind, knowledge, thinking, reflection, memory
1a5) inclination, resolution, determination (of will)
1a7) heart (of moral character)
1a8) as seat of appetites
1a9) as seat of emotions and passions
1a10) as seat of courage
1255) bl (לב LB) AC: ? CO: Heart AB: Think: The pictograph l is a picture of the shepherd staff representing authority, the b is a picture of a tent representing what is inside. Combined these mean "authority inside". The consciousness of man is seen as coming from deep inside the chest, the heart. Thirst as an Inside desire for water. (eng: life; love; liver - the seat of passion; lava)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
לֵבָב constr. לְּבַב suff. לְבָבִי, לְבַבְכֶם, plur. לְבָבוֹת (1 Chronicles 28:9); with suff. once לִבְבֵהֶן Nahum 2:8, m.
(1) the heart, perhaps so called from being hollow [“so called from fatness”]; see the root לָבַב. (Arab. لُبُّ, Syr. ܠܶܒܐܳ, Ethiop. ልብ፡ id.) 2 Samuel 18:14; Psalms 45:6, etc. As the heart is the central point of the blood and the seat of life, it often means
(a) i.q. נֶפֶשׁ (Hom. φρένες), the soul, life (das Lebensprinzip des Körpers), Psalms 73:21, 84:3 102:5 Jeremiah 4:18 (comp. נֶפֶשׁ verse 10 ). Hence the heart is said to live (to be refreshed), Psalms 22:27 to be sick, Isaiah 1:5 and even to sleep and to wake (Ecclesiastes 2:23 compare 8:16 Song of Solomon 5:2); and to stay the heart, is applied to those who take food and drink (see סָעַד ). The heart is also regarded by Hebrew writers, as
(b) the seat of the senses, affections, and emotions of the mind, of various kinds, as love (Judges 16:15, “thy heart is not with me,” i.e. thou dost not love me; and on the contrary, to love with the whole heart, or breast, Deuteronomy 4:29, 6:5 ); confidence (Proverbs 31:11); contempt (Proverbs 5:12); joy (Psalms 104:15); sorrow, contrition (Psalms 109:16); bitterness (Psalms 73:21); despair (Ecclesiastes 2:20); fear (Psalms 27:3 compare Isaiah 35:4; Jeremiah 4:9); security (לֵב נְכוֹן Psalms 57:8, 108:2 ); fortitude (Psalms 40:13 1 Sam. 17:32 ); and, poetically, a sick, wounded, or grieved heart is ascribed to the sorrowful (Proverbs 13:12, 14:13 Isaiah 61:1); a melted heart to the timid, Isaiah 13:7; Deuteronomy 20:8 a hard heart (see קָשָׁה, שְׁרִירוּת ), like a stone (Ezekiel 11:19, 36:26 ), uncircumcised (Leviticus 26:41), to the stubborn and inflexible. The words too, by which we utter those feelings, are. poetically attributed to the heart; and thus the heart is said to cry out (Hosea 7:14), to lament (Isaiah 15:5), to sigh (Psalms 38:9); and those are said to pour out their heart who pour out their tears, Lamentations 2:19. Also
(c) it is applied to the mode of thinking and acting; a sense in which a pure heart is ascribed to any one (Psalms 51:12), a sincere heart (1 Kings 3:6), faithful (Nehemiah 9:8), upright (1 Kings 9:4); and, on the contrary, a perverse heart (Psalms 101:4), stubborn (Proverbs 7:10), deep, i.e. not to be explored (Psalms 64:7), impious (Job 36:13); and double-minded men are said to speak with a double heart, Psalms 12:3, בְּלֵב וָלֵב יְדַבֵּרוּ; see, on the other hand, 1 Chronicles 12:38, בִּלֹא לֵב וָלֵב with a sincere heart. A heart that is wide (רֹחַב Proverbs 21:4), great (גֹּדֶלּ Isaiah 9:8), high (גֹּבָהּ Ezekiel 28:5) signifies pride; but the former of these expressions also signifies joy (Isaiah 60:5). It is
(d) the seat of will and purpose, 1 Samuel 14:7, עֲשֵׂה כָּל־אֲשֶׁר בִּלְבָבֶךָ “do all that is in thy heart,” what thou willest, hast determined. Isaiah 10:7, לְהַשְׁמִיד בִּלְבָבוֹ “to destroy is in his heart.” Isaiah 63:4, “the day of vengeance בְּלִבִּי is in my heart,” i.e. I have decreed it, and will accomplish it. In this sense the heart is said to be willing (Exodus 35:22), rebellious (Jeremiah 5:23). כִּלְבָבִי i.e. according to my heart, at my will, 1 Samuel 13:14. Farther
(e) intellect and wisdom are also ascribed to the heart (compare لُبُّ heart, understanding; Lat. cor, Cic. Tusc. i. 9; Plaut. Perf. iv. 4, 71, and cordatus, i.e. discreet); and even the faculty of thinking (Isaiah 10:7; 1 Chronicles 29:18), 1 Kings 10:2, “(the queen of Sheba) spake with him all that was in her heart,” i.e. she knew. Judges 16:17, “he told her all his heart,” all that he knew. Ecclesiastes 7:21. Hence one is called חֲכַם לֵבָב Job 9:4 (comp. 1 Kings 10:24); and on the contrary, חֲסַר לֵב foolish, void of understanding, Proverbs 7:7, 9:4, אַנְשֵׁי לֵב men of heart, i.e. understanding, Job 34:10. Job 12:3, גַּס־לִי לֵבָב כְּמוֹכֶם “I also have understanding as well as you.” כֹּחַ לֵב Job 36:5, is spoken of the highest wisdom of God. A fat heart is one that is dull, devoid of sense (see שָׁמַן ), Isaiah 6:10.
(2) metaph. the middle part, interior, midst, e.g. of the sea, Exodus 15:8 of heaven, Deuteronomy 4:11. 2 Samuel 18:14, בְּלֵב הָאֵלָה “in the midst of the terebinth.”
the Fourth Week after Epiphany