Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4560 - מָסַר
1) to set apart, deliver up, offer
1a) (Qal) to set apart
1b) (Niphal) to be delivered over, be assigned to, be set apart
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מָסַר a root which occurs twice, and is both doubtful and obscure, which I consider however to have had the same meaning as מָזַר and נָזַר to separate, to separate oneself. Hence in Kal, Numbers 31:16, לִמְסָר מַעַל בַּיהוָֹה “to turn aside perfidiously from Jehovah,” i.q. לִמְעֹל מַעַל, which is found in the parallel places, Numbers 5:6; 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezekiel 14:13 unless indeed this be the true reading in this passage. Others render “to dare a defection from Jehovah;” compare Syr. ܡܰܣܰܪ to dare, to undertake to do anything. In a very different context it is found in
Niphal, Numbers 31:5, וַיִּמָּֽסְרוּ מֵאַלְפֵי ישׂ׳ אֶלֶף לְמַטֶּה “and there were separated out of the tribes of Israel a thousand out of each tribe,” as well rendered by Saadiah. More freely Onk. and Syr. were chosen. LXX. ἐξηρίθμησαν, reading perhaps וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ, or by the Samaritan usage, in which מסר is i.q. Heb. פָּקַד.
Talm. מסר is to deliver, to betray, Syr. Ethp. to accuse, both of which meanings are unsuitable in these passages.
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