the Fifth Sunday of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #4560 - מָסַר
1) to set apart, deliver up, offer
1a) (Qal) to set apart
1b) (Niphal) to be delivered over, be assigned to, be set apart
Qal Infinitive construct ׳לִמְסָרמַֿ֫עַל בי Numbers 31:16 offer (commit) a trespass against ׳י, but read לִמְעֹל, compare Thes Di (see Numbers 5:6; 2 Chronicles 36:14).
Niph`al Imperfect וַיִּמָּֽסְרוּ Numbers 31:5 delivered over to, assigned to (of warriors), read perhaps וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ (ᵐ5. ἐξηρίθμησαν) compare Thes.
מֹסֵרוֺת, מָסֹ֫רֶת see אסר.
[מֹסָר] see מוּסָר below יסר.
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מָסַר a root which occurs twice, and is both doubtful and obscure, which I consider however to have had the same meaning as מָזַר and נָזַר to separate, to separate oneself. Hence in Kal, Numbers 31:16, לִמְסָר מַעַל בַּיהוָֹה “to turn aside perfidiously from Jehovah,” i.q. לִמְעֹל מַעַל, which is found in the parallel places, Numbers 5:6; 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezekiel 14:13 unless indeed this be the true reading in this passage. Others render “to dare a defection from Jehovah;” compare Syr. ܡܰܣܰܪ to dare, to undertake to do anything. In a very different context it is found in
Niphal, Numbers 31:5, וַיִּמָּֽסְרוּ מֵאַלְפֵי ישׂ׳ אֶלֶף לְמַטֶּה “and there were separated out of the tribes of Israel a thousand out of each tribe,” as well rendered by Saadiah. More freely Onk. and Syr. were chosen. LXX. ἐξηρίθμησαν, reading perhaps וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ, or by the Samaritan usage, in which מסר is i.q. Heb. פָּקַד.
Talm. מסר is to deliver, to betray, Syr. Ethp. to accuse, both of which meanings are unsuitable in these passages.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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