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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #4834 - מָרַץ

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be or make sick

1a) (Niphal) to be grievous or painful

1b) (Hiphil) to make sick

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3926 ‑ παρενοχλέω (par‑en‑okh‑leh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Micah 1
NAS (4)
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Micah 1
HCS (4)
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Micah 1
BSB (4)
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Micah 1
ESV (4)
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Micah 1
WEB (4)
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Micah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2355) yrm (מרתס MRTs) AC: ? CO: Pain AB: ?: [from: rm- as bitter]

V) yrm (מרתס MRTs) - Painful: KJV (4): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) forcible, grievous, sore, embolden - Strongs: H4834 (מָרַץ)


AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [מָרַץ] verb be sick, only in derived species (Assyrian II. marâƒu Dl HWB 426; Arabic ; Sabean מרץֿ sick person, sickness, Mordt ZMG 1876,32; Aramaic verb , מְרַע); —

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural נִמְרְצוּ Job 6:25 (but see below); Participle נִמְרָץ Micah 2:10; feminine נִמְרֶ֫צֶת 1 Kings 2:8; — חֶבֶל נִמְרָץ Micah 2:10 a sore, grievous destruction (literally made sick, compare מַכָּה נַחְלָה Jeremiah 14:17); נִמְרֶצֶת קְלָלָה 1 Kings 2:8 a grievous curse. — In Job 6:25 this meaning unsuitable, Bu are strong, effective [compare Assyrian I. marâƒu, be difficult, inaccessible Dl HWB 425f.; always of something repelling]. More probably נמרצו = נמלצו be sweet (compare Psalm 119:103) or read נמלצו (q. v.), Che JQ July, 1897 Du.

Hiph`il Imperfect suffix מַהיַּֿמְרִיצְךָ Job 16:3 what sickens thee (what disturbs, vexes thee) that thou answerest ?

[מְרֻצָה] see מְרוּצָה below רוץ.

מַרְצֵעַ see רצע. מַרְצֶ֫פֶת see רצף.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָרַץ a root not used in Kal, the primary meaning of which has been often discussed. I have, however, no doubt that the truth was seen by Kimchi, who regarded as its primary power to be strong, forcible; for this not only very well suits all the passages, but it is confirmed by the kindred פָּרַץ (m and p interchanged), to be violent (Hosea 4:2); whence פָּרִיץ a violent man. The meaning appears to be secondary, and taken from the idea of hard labour, which is found in Arabic مَرِضَ to languish, to be sick (prop. wearied out with toil).

[In Thes. the meaning preferred is that given by Cocceius and J. Simonis, to be fierce; hence, to be vehement.]

Niphal, Job 6:25, מַה־נִּמְרְצוּ אִמְרֵי־ישֶׂר “how powerful are right words;” 1 Kings 2:8, קְלָלָה נִמְרֶצֶת “a heavy (or grievous) curse,” Micah 2:10. חֶבֶל נִמְרָץ “very violent destruction.”

Hiphil, to make vehement, to irritate; Job 16:3, מַה־יַּמְרִיצְךָ “what (so) irritateth thee?”

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List of Word Forms
יַּ֝מְרִֽיצְךָ֗ ימריצך נִּמְרְצ֥וּ נִמְרֶ֔צֶת נִמְרָֽץ׃ נמרץ׃ נמרצו נמרצת nim·rāṣ nim·re·ṣeṯ nim·rə·ṣū nimrāṣ nimRatz nimreṣeṯ nimrəṣū nimRetzet nimreTzu yam·rî·ṣə·ḵā yamrîṣəḵā yamritzecha
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