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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4854 - מַשָּׂא

Transliteration
maśśâ'
Phonetics
mas-saw'
Origin
the same as (H4853)
Parts of Speech
N/A
TWOT
None
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

Massa = “burden”

1) a son of Ishmael

Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (2)
Genesis
1
1 Chronicles
1
NAS (2)
Genesis
1
1 Chronicles
1
HCS (2)
Genesis
1
1 Chronicles
1
BSB (2)
Genesis
1
1 Chronicles
1
ESV (2)
Genesis
1
1 Chronicles
1
WEB (2)
Genesis
1
1 Chronicles
1
Verse Results
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מַשָּׂא m.

(1) verbal inf. from the root נָשָׂא; a bearing, a carrying. Numbers 4:24, לַעֲבֹד וּלְמַשָּׂא “for labouring and for carrying.” 2 Chronicles 20:25, לְאֵין מַשָּׂא “that could not be carried;” compare 2 Chronicles 35:3. Subst. Numbers 4:19, 27, 31, 32, 47.

(2) a burden, load which is carried, 2 Kings 5:17; Jeremiah 17:21, seq.; Numbers 11:11. הָיָה לְמַשָּׂא it was as a burden, 2 Samuel 15:33, 19:36 followed by עַל Job 7:20.

(3) מַשָּׂא נֶפֶשׁ that to which the soul lifts itself up, i.e. what it desires, Ezekiel 24:25 compare the root No. 1, c.

(4) something uttered (see the root No. 1, letter f), a sentence, Proverbs 30:1 Collect 31:1, מַשָּׂא אֲשֶׁר יִסַּרְתּוֹ אִמּוֹ “the sentences which his mother taught him.” Specially something uttered by God, 2 Kings 9:25 or by a prophet, followed by a genit. of the object. Isai. 13:1 מַשָּׂא בָבֶל “the oracle (uttered) against Babylon.” Isai. 15:1 17:1 19:1 21:1, 11 Isaiah 21:11, 13 Isaiah 21:13, 22:1 23:1 Nahum 1:1; Habakkuk 1:1 also followed by בְּ Zechariah 9:1 עַל 12:1 אֶל Malachi 1:1. It is fully expressed מַשָּׂא דְבַר יְהֹוָה the utterance of the word of the Lord, Zechariah 9:1, 12:1. From מַשָּׂא being often found in the headings of denunciatory oracles, Jerome, Luther, and others render the word even in these instances onus, burden, and regard it as signifying a grievous or threatening oracle, see Jerome, Prol. ad Habac., and on Isaiah 13:1 but it is also found where it stands in a good sense, Zechariah 12:1; Malachi 1:1. There is a paronomasia on the two senses burden and oracle, Jeremiah 23:33, seq.; Ezekiel 12:10.

(5) singing (see the root No. 1, letter e). 1 Chronicles 15:27, הַשַּׂר הַמַּשָּׂא “the regulator (or leader) of the singing.” So LXX. ἄρχων τῶν ᾠδῶν, and Kimchi. Others take it to be the leader of the carrying, i.e. of the holy ark.

(6) a gift (compare נָשָׂא Pi. No. 2, 3); hence tribute, i.q. מִנְחָה No. 2. 2 Chronicles 17:11.

(7) [Massa], pr.n. of a son of Ishmael, Genesis 25:14; 1 Chronicles 1:30.

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List of Word Forms
וּמַשָּֽׂא׃ ומשא׃ מַשָּׂ֖א משא maś·śā masSa maśśā ū·maś·śā umasSa ūmaśśā
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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