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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4853 - מַשָּׂא
Massa = “burden”
1) load, bearing, tribute, burden, lifting (noun masculine)
1a) load, burden
1b) lifting, uplifting, that to which the soul lifts itself up
1c) bearing, carrying
1d) tribute, that which is carried or brought or borne
2) utterance, oracle, burden (noun masculine)
3) a son of Ishmael (noun proper masculine)
1314) xn (נס NS) AC: Lift CO: Standard AB: Refuge: The pictograph n is a picture of a seed representing continuance, the x is a picture of a thorn representing the idea of grabbing hold. Combined these mean "continue to grab hold". The tribal flag that is hung from a horizontal pole and lifted up high and seen from a distance.
V) axn (נסא NSA) - Lift: To lift up a burden or load and carry it. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: aVn] KJV (659): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) bear, take, bare, carry, borne, amourbearer, forgive, accept, exalt, regard, obtain, respect - Strongs: H4984 (מִתְנַשֵּׂא), H5375 (נָסָה), H5376 (נְשָׂא)
af2 ) taxnm (מנסאת MNSAT) - I. Burden:[df: taVm]II. Cloud:A cloud of smoke as lifted up from the fire. [df: taVm]KJV (15): burden, mess, collection, flame, gift, oblation, reward, sign, lift - Strongs: H4864 (מַשְׂאֵת)
bm ) aixn (נסיא NSYA) - Chief: The leader of a family, tribe or people as one who carries the burdens of the people. [df: ayVn aVn] KJV (132): prince, captain, chief, ruler, vapour, governor, cloud - Strongs: H5387 (נָשִׁא)
V) xfn (נוס NWS) - Flee: To run to the standard for safety. Also a fleeing to any safe place such as a city or mountain. KJV (161): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) flee, abate, display, flight, hide, lift - Strongs: H5127 (נוּס)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) verbal inf. from the root נָשָׂא; a bearing, a carrying. Numbers 4:24, לַעֲבֹד וּלְמַשָּׂא “for labouring and for carrying.” 2 Chronicles 20:25, לְאֵין מַשָּׂא “that could not be carried;” compare 2 Chronicles 35:3. Subst. Numbers 4:19, 27, 31, 32, 47.
(2) a burden, load which is carried, 2 Kings 5:17; Jeremiah 17:21, seq.; Numbers 11:11. הָיָה לְמַשָּׂא it was as a burden, 2 Samuel 15:33, 19:36 followed by עַל Job 7:20.
(3) מַשָּׂא נֶפֶשׁ that to which the soul lifts itself up, i.e. what it desires, Ezekiel 24:25 compare the root No. 1, c.
(4) something uttered (see the root No. 1, letter f), a sentence, Proverbs 30:1 Collect 31:1, מַשָּׂא אֲשֶׁר יִסַּרְתּוֹ אִמּוֹ “the sentences which his mother taught him.” Specially something uttered by God, 2 Kings 9:25 or by a prophet, followed by a genit. of the object. Isai. 13:1 מַשָּׂא בָבֶל “the oracle (uttered) against Babylon.” Isai. 15:1 17:1 19:1 21:1, 11 Isaiah 21:11, 13 Isaiah 21:13, 22:1 23:1 Nahum 1:1; Habakkuk 1:1 also followed by בְּ Zechariah 9:1 עַל 12:1 אֶל Malachi 1:1. It is fully expressed מַשָּׂא דְבַר יְהֹוָה the utterance of the word of the Lord, Zechariah 9:1, 12:1. From מַשָּׂא being often found in the headings of denunciatory oracles, Jerome, Luther, and others render the word even in these instances onus, burden, and regard it as signifying a grievous or threatening oracle, see Jerome, Prol. ad Habac., and on Isaiah 13:1 but it is also found where it stands in a good sense, Zechariah 12:1; Malachi 1:1. There is a paronomasia on the two senses burden and oracle, Jeremiah 23:33, seq.; Ezekiel 12:10.
(5) singing (see the root No. 1, letter e). 1 Chronicles 15:27, הַשַּׂר הַמַּשָּׂא “the regulator (or leader) of the singing.” So LXX. ἄρχων τῶν ᾠδῶν, and Kimchi. Others take it to be the leader of the carrying, i.e. of the holy ark.
(6) a gift (compare נָשָׂא Pi. No. 2, 3); hence tribute, i.q. מִנְחָה No. 2. 2 Chronicles 17:11.
(7) [Massa], pr.n. of a son of Ishmael, Genesis 25:14; 1 Chronicles 1:30.
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