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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #503 - אָלַף

Transliteration
ʼâlaph
Phonetics
aw-laf'
Root Word (Etymology)
denominative from (H505)
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
109
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אָלַף
 
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אֶלֶף
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) (CLBL) to make thousand-fold, bring forth thousands (verb)

2) (TWOT) (Hiphil) producing thousands (verb)

3) (BDB) chief, chiliarch (noun masculine)

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Psalms 1
NAS (2)
Psalms 2
HCS (1)
Psalms 1
BSB (1)
Psalms 1
ESV (1)
Psalms 1
WEB (2)
Psalms 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2001) pla (אלפ ALP) AC: Guide CO: Yoke AB: Learn: The yoke of the oxen, the yoke of learning. An older experienced ox is yoked to a younger inexperienced one in order to teach it how to pull a load. A thousand, as a large number of oxen. [from: la- an ox as wearing a yoke for work] (eng: elephant)

V) pla (אלפ ALP) - I. Learn:To learn by example in the sense of being yoked to another. II. Thousand:To make or bring forth a thousand, a thousand-fold. KJV (5): (vf: Hiphil, Paal, Piel) teach, learn, utter, bring forth thousands - Strongs: H502 (אָלַף), H503 (אָלַף)

Nm) pla (אלפ ALP) - I. Ox: II. Thousand:[Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (517): kine, oxen, family - Strongs: H504 (אֶלֶף), H505 (אֶלֶף), H506 (אֶלֶף)

dm) pfla (אלופ ALWP) - Guide: One who is yoked to another to lead and teach. KJV (69): duke, guide, friend, governor, captain, ox - Strongs: H441 (אַלֻּף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. אֶ֫לֶף noun masculine Judges 6:15 thousand (אלף Micah , Sirach , Sabean DHM ZMG 1875,615; Arabic , Aramaic , אֲלַף, אלפיא) — ׳) א׳(אָ֑ Genesis 20:16 +; suffix אַלְמִּי Judges 6:15; dual אַלְמַּיִם Numbers 4:36 +; plural אֲלָפִים Exodus 18:21 +; construct אַלְפֵי Exodus 32:28 +; אֲלָפֶיךָ Deuteronomy 7:13 2t.; אֲלָפָיו Qr 1 Samuel 18:7 2t. (Kt פֿו) — a thousand.

1 numeral:

a. used with noun alone; mostly before noun Numbers 35:4; Joshua 7:3; Nehemiah 3:13; 1 Chronicles 18:4 +; after noun (late) 1 Chronicles 12:35 6t. Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah; בָּאַמָּה׳א Numbers 35:5 (4t. in verse); Ezekiel 47:3 (strike out Co); the noun always plural when preceding, sometimes when following, 1 Samuel 25:2; 1 Kings 3:4; 2 Kings 18:23 = Isaiah 36:8; 2 Chronicles 30:24; Psalm 90:4; Job 42:12; Ecclesiastes 6:6; elsewhere singular אישׁ Judges 9:49; Judges 15:15,16; Joshua 7:3 +; אַמָּה Numbers 35:4 + (so SI); דּוֺר Deuteronomy 7:9 +, compare 1 Chronicles 18:4; 1 Chronicles 19:6; 2 Kings 15:19; Job 42:12; Song of Solomon 4:4; Isaiah 7:23, noun sometimes collective; ׳א plural construct Micah 6:7; Psalm 119:72; Genesis 24:60; noun not expressed (or not fully) Genesis 20:16; Numbers 31:5,6 +; distributive אֶלֶף ֗֗֗ אֶלֶף Numbers 31:4; multiplicative Deuteronomy 1:11 מְּעָמִים׳א; indefinite for great number (plural) Exodus 20:6; Exodus 34:7; Deuteronomy 5:10; Jeremiah 32:18, (singular) Deuteronomy 32:30; Ecclesiastes 6:6 +.

b. ׳א + other number usually precedes it Exodus 38:25 + often; but following רִבּוֺא Ezra 2:64 2t.; it follows also smaller number Numbers 3:50; 1 Kings 5:12 (so SI); the noun following in singular Exodus 28:25 8t.; plural 2 Samuel 8:4 2t.; noun precedes, in plural (late) Daniel 12:12 2t.; noun not expressed Exodus 38:28 #NAME?

c.׳א X other number always following Exodus 12:37 +; usual order is no. X ׳א + additional no. (if any) + noun (if expressed) Numbers 31:52; Judges 20:35 compare Exodus 12:37; 2 Kings 3:4 (twice in verse) +; less often noun + no. X ׳א Numbers 31:33; 1 Kings 8:63 +; (other combinations see Exodus 38:26; Numbers 26:51; Numbers 31:32; Ezekiel 48:30; 1 Chronicles 29:7 etc.); ׳א usually singular Numbers 11:21 +; except after units, where plural absolute Numbers 1:46; Judges 20:34 + (so MI); seldom plural construct Exodus 32:28; Judges 4:10; Job 1:3 (twice in verse); (noun mostly singular when following Judges 4:10; 1 Kings 12:21+, yet plural Joshua 4:13; 1 Samuel 13:5 +; when preceding it is plural 1 Chronicles 5:21 +, or collective Numbers 31:33; 1 Samuel 25:2; 1 Kings 8:63; 2 Chronicles 7:5 +); אֶלֶף אֲלָפִים 1 Chronicles 21:5; 1 Chronicles 22:14; 2 Chronicles 14:8; אַלְפֵי שִׁנְאָן Psalm 68:18, compare שִׁנְאָן; בְּהַרֲרֵי אָ֑לֶף Psalm 50:10, read אֵל compare Psalm 36:7, Ol Bi Che; yet see Hup De. —

Note.10,000= עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים etc. Judges 1:4; Judges 3:29; 1 Kings 5:28; 1 Chronicles 29:7 +; less often רִבּוֺ, רְבָבָה etc. q. v.

2 a thousand, a company of 1000 men, as united under one superior, or leader, hence ׳(שָׂרֵי) שַׂר א Exodus 18:21,25 compare Numbers 31:14 +; compare יִשְׂרָאֵל׳רָאשֵׁי א Numbers 1:16; Numbers 10:4; Joshua 22:21,30 & see below; compare also 1 Samuel 29:2; especially family, etc. Judges 6:15; 1 Samuel 10:19 ("" שֵׁבֶט & compare מִשְׁמַּחַת 1 Samuel 10:21); compare Micah 5:2; — Numbers 10:36 (רִבְבוֺת אַלְפֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל) Numbers 31:5; Joshua 22:14; 1 Samuel 23:23 apparently shew transition to this technical use. **[אָלַף]

verb denominative Hiph`il Psalm 144:13 מַאֲלִיפוֺת producing thousands (subject צאֹן).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָלַף or


These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
מַ֭אֲלִיפוֹת מאליפות ma’ălîp̄ōwṯ ma·’ă·lî·p̄ō·wṯ Maalifot
 
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