the Fifth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5178 - נְחשֶׁת
1) copper, bronze
1a) copper (ore), bronze (as copper alloy)
1b) fetters (of copper or bronze)
1c) copper (as value)
2) lust, harlotry
2a) meaning dubious
2395) shn (נההסה NHhSh) AC: ? CO: Bronze AB: ?
V) shn (נההסה NHhSh) - Divine: To learn something through divination. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (11): (vf: Piel) enchantment, divine, enchanter, indeed, certainly, learn, experience, diligently, observe - Strongs: H5172 (נָחַשׁ)
Nm) shn (נההסה NHhSh) - I. Bronze:[Aramaic only] II. Divination:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (11): brass, enchantment - Strongs: H5173 (נַחַשׁ), H5174 (נְחָשׁ)
cf2) tsfhn (נההוסהת NHhWShT) - Bronze: KJV (141): brass, brasen, fetters, chain, copper, filthiness, steel - Strongs: H5178 (נְחשֶׁת)
dm) sfhn (נההוסה NHhWSh) - Bronze: KJV (1): brass - Strongs: H5153 (נָחוּשׁ)
df1) esfhn (נההוסהה NHhWShH) - Bronze: KJV (10): brass, steel - Strongs: H5154 (נְחֻשָׁה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 copper, as ore Deuteronomy 8:9, compare Zechariah 6:8; worked by artificer Genesis 4:22 (J) 1 Kings 7:14 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 24:12; material — doubtless hardened with alloy, probably tin, making bronze, compare Now Archaeology i. 243 Benz Archaeology 214 — of armour 1 Samuel 17:5,6; 1 Kings 14:27, utensils 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18; Leviticus 6:21; Numbers 17:4 + very often, altar 2 Kings 16:14,15; Exodus 38:30; Exodus 39:39, etc., and other objects Numbers 21:9 (twice in verse) (JE), 2 Kings 18:4; 1 Kings 4:13; 1 Kings 7:15 ff. +, especially in description of tabernacle and temple; cast 1 Kings 7:14; polished מְמֹרָט 1 Kings 7:45, מָרוּק 2 Chronicles 4:16 (compare Leviticus 6:21); and shining מֻצְהָב Ezra 8:27. On קָלָל׳נ Ezekiel 1:7; Daniel 10:6 see קלל; ׳נ as spoil of war 2 Samuel 8:8; 2 Kings 25:13 = Jeremiah 52:17,20 etc.
2 fetters of copper or bronze, usually dual Judges 16:21; 2 Samuel 3:34; 2 Kings 25:7 = Jeremiah 39:7; Jeremiah 52:11; 2 Chronicles 36:6, also 2 Chronicles 33:11; singular only Lamentations 3:7 (figurative of oppression).
3 as less in value than gold but more than wood Isaiah 60:17 (twice in verse); figurative of worthless people Jeremiah 6:28 (+ בַּרְזֶל), id. (as dross of silver) Ezekiel 22:18 (+ בְּדִיל, בַּרְזֶל, עוֺפֶרֶת). — On Ezekiel 16:36 see IV. נחשׁ.
4 figurative of pitiless sky Deuteronomy 28:23.
II. [נְח֫שֶׁת] noun [feminine] suffix נְחֻשְׁתֵּךְ Ezekiel 16:36 where context ("" עֶרְוָה) favours meaning lust, harlotry, or specific sens. obscoen. (Co [citing Ki Ra] Berthol, see also Da); text perhaps corrupt (compare Nö ZMG xl (1886). 730); Sm proposes תַּזְנוּתַיִךְ, so apparently Toy Hpt; Or בָּשְׁתֵּךְ.
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נְחשֶׁת comm. (m. Ezekiel 1:7; Daniel 10:6 f. 1 Chronicles 18:8); with suff. נְחֻשְׁתֵּךְ.
(1) brass, χαλκός, i.e. copper, especially as hardened and tempered, and, like steel, used for weapons and other cutting instruments, Genesis 4:22; Exodus 26:11, 37 Exodus 26:37, and frequently. Metaph. Jeremiah 6:28, “they are all brass and iron,” i.e. ignoble, impure, like base metal.
(2) any thing made of brass.
(a) money, Ezekiel 16:36, יַעַן הִשָּׁפֵךְ נְחֻשְׁתֵּךְ Vulg. quia effusum est œs tuum.
(b) a fetter, or bond of brass, Lamentations 3:7 especially dual נְחֻשְׁתַּיִם Judges 16:21; 2 Samuel 3:34, double bonds.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.