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Thursday, May 30th, 2024
the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5425 - נָתַר

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to start up, tremble, shake, spring up

1a) (Qal) to start up

1b) (Piel) to leap

1c) (Hiphil) to cause to start up

2) to loose, let loose, undo, be free, be loose

2a) (Hiphil)

2a1) to unfasten, loosen

2a2) to set free, unbind

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1265 ‑ διαμένω (dee‑am‑en'‑o);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  5442 ‑ φυλάσσω (foo‑las'‑so);  1262 ‑ διαλύω (dee‑al‑oo'‑o);  3089 ‑ λύω (loo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Leviticus 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Habakkuk 1
HCS (0)
HCS (7)
Leviticus 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Habakkuk 1
BSB (8)
Leviticus 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Habakkuk 1
ESV (8)
Leviticus 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Habakkuk 1
WEB (8)
Leviticus 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Habakkuk 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2457) rtn (נתר NTR) AC: Release CO: Soda AB: ?: A chemical that releases gases. [from: tn- removing]

V) rtn (נתר NTR) - Release: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) loose, move, leap, undo, make, drive, asunder, shake - Strongs: H5425 (נָתַר), H5426 (נְתַר)

Nm) rtn (נתר NTR) - Soda: KJV (2): nitre - Strongs: H5427 (נֶתֶר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [נָתַר] verb spring or start up; —

Qal Imperfect וְיִתַּר מִמְּקוֺמוֺ Job 37:1 yea, it (the heart) starts up from its place ("" יֶחֱרַד).

Pi`el Infinitive לְנַתֵּר בָּהֵן עַלהָֿאָרֶץ Leviticus 11:21 (P), to leap with them (i.e. its legs) upon the earth (of locust).

Hiph`il Imperfect וַיַּתֵּר גּוֺיִם Habakkuk 3:6 he (׳י) looked, and made nations start up.

II. [נָתַר] verb be free, loose (? usually placed below I., but connection not obvious; compare also Late Hebrew Niph`al free oneself, Hiph`il = Biblical Hebrew; perhaps compare Arabic rend a garment, break string (of bow), etc.); —

Hiph`il Imperfect 3 masculine singular jussive יַתֵּר Job 6:9 suffix וַיַּתִּירֵהוּ Psalm 105:20; Infinitive absolute הַתֵּר Isaiah 58:6; Participle מַתִּיר Psalm 146:7; —

1 unfasten, loosen, with accusative of thing; thongs of yoke Isaiah 58:6 ("" מַּתֵּחַ, תְּנַתֵּ֑קוּ).

2 set free, unbind with accusative of person, prisoners Psalm 105:20 ("" וַיְפַתְּחֵהוּ), Psalm 146:7; figurative יַתֵּר יָדוֺ Job 6:9 that he would let loose his hand and cut me off, — וַיַּתֵּר 2 Samuel 22:33 was possibly connected by Masoretes with תּוּר (see Commentaries), but read וַיִּתֵּן (as "" Psalm 18:33).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָתַר fut. יִתַּר

(1)  to tremble, to palpitate (as the heart), Job 37:1. (An onomatop. word, like τρέω, τρέμω, tremo.)

(2) i.q. Arab. ترَّ “to fall off, to fall away, espe-cially with a fluttering noise,” i.e. the sound made by leaves which fall from the trees when they are dry and withered; hence Ch. and Syr. נְתַר, ܢܬܰܪ to fall, as a leaf or fruit. See Ch. and Hiphil No. 2.

Piel, to tremble, i.e. to leap (as a locust), Leviticus 11:21. For verbs of trembling are applied to leaping, compare חָרַג, חַרְגַּל.


(1) causat. of Kal No. 1, to cause to tremble, Habakkuk 3:6.

(2) i.q. Aram. Aph. prop. to shake off the leaves of a tree; hence to shake off a yoke, Isaiah 58:6 and also הִתִּיר אֲסוּרִים to shake off the yoke of captives, to loose captives, Psalms 105:20, 146:7. Poet. Job 6:9, יַתֵּר יָדוֹ וִיבַצְּעֵנִי “Oh that he (God) would let loose his hand, and cut me off,” i.e. kill me. The hand of God, while not exerted, is spoken of as if it were bound; when stretched out, as if it were freed.-וַיַּתֵּר 2 Samuel 22:33, see the root תּוּר.

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List of Word Forms
הַתֵּ֖ר התר וְ֝יִתַּ֗ר וַיַּתִּירֵ֑הוּ וַיַּתֵּ֣ר וַיַּתֵּ֥ר ויתירהו ויתר יַתֵּ֥ר יתר לְנַתֵּ֥ר לנתר מַתִּ֥יר מתיר hat·têr hatTer hattêr lə·nat·têr lenatTer lənattêr mat·tîr matTir mattîr vaiyatTer vayattiRehu veyitTar wa·yat·tî·rê·hū way·yat·têr wayattîrêhū wayyattêr wə·yit·tar wəyittar yat·têr yatTer yattêr
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