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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5596 - שָׂפַח

saw-fakh', saw-fakh'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to join, attach to, join together

1a) (Qal) to join, attach to

1b) (Niphal) to attach oneself

1c) (Piel) joining (participle)

1d) (Pual) to be joined together, hold oneself together

1e) (Hithpael) to join oneself

2) (Piel) to cause a scab upon, smite with scab

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4741 ‑ στηρίζω (stay‑rid'‑zo);  4369 ‑ προστίθημι (pros‑tith'‑ay‑mee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
1 Samuel 2
Job 1
Isaiah 2
Habakkuk 1
NAS (6)
1 Samuel 2
Job 2
Isaiah 1
Habakkuk 1
HCS (6)
1 Samuel 2
Job 1
Isaiah 2
Habakkuk 1
BSB (6)
1 Samuel 2
Job 1
Isaiah 2
Habakkuk 1
ESV (5)
1 Samuel 2
Job 1
Isaiah 1
Habakkuk 1
WEB (6)
1 Samuel 2
Job 1
Isaiah 2
Habakkuk 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2496) hpx (ספהה SPHh) AC: Attach CO: ? AB: ?: A bringing together by what is separated or spread out. [from: hp- as spread]

V) hpx (ספהה SPHh) - Attach: To join together or attach. [df: xpV] KJV (6): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel, Participle) put, abide, gather, scab, cleave - Strongs: H5596 (שָׂפַח)

Nf2 ) thpx (ספההת SPHhT) - ScAB: A sore that spreads. KJV (2): scab - Strongs: H5597 (סַפַּחַת)

bm) hipx (ספיהה SPYHh) - After-growth: What spreads out by itself rather than sown. KJV (5): grow - Strongs: H5599 (סָפִיחַ)

hm) hpxm (מספהה MSPHh) - Bloodshed: In the sense of spreading flow. [df: xpVm] KJV (1): oppression - Strongs: H4939 (מִשְׂפָּח)

hf1 ) ehpxm (מספההה MSPHhH) - Veil: As spread out. KJV (2): kerchief - Strongs: H4555 (מִסְפָּחָה)

hf2) thpxm (מספההת MSPHhT) - ScAB: A sore that spreads. KJV (3): scab - Strongs: H4556 (מִסְפַּחַת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [סָפח] verb join, attach to; —

Qal Imperative masculine singular suffix׳סְפָחֵ֫נִי נָא אֶלוֿגו 1 Samuel 2:36 attach me, pray, to one of the priest's offices.

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural וְנִסְמְּחוּ עַלֿ consecutive Isaiah 14:1 and they shall attach themselves to the house of Jacob ("" נִלְוָה).

Pi`el Participle מְסַמֵּהַ חֲסָֽתְךָ Habakkuk 2:15 joining (to it ?) thy fury, but read probably מִסַּף (ח dittograph) from the goblet of thy fury (so We Gr Now GASm Da).

Pu`al Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְסֻמָּ֑חוּ Job 30:7 are joined together, hold themselves together (yet read perhaps Niph`al יִסָּפֵ֑חוּ Bu).

Hithpa`el Infinitive construct מֵהִסְתַּמֵּחַ 1 Samuel 26:19 they have driven me out from joining myself with (בְּ) the inheritance of ׳י.

II. ספח (√ of following; apparently pour out; compare Arabic pour out, shed (blood; Qor 6:146); Late Hebrew מִמֵּחַ of river, cast out alluvial soil, make new land).

שִׂמַּח verb Pi`el denominative cause a scab upon, smite with scab (שׂ substantive for ס); — וְשִׂמַּה אֲדֹנָי׳קָדְקָד וגו (consecutive) Isaiah 3:17 and Adonay shall smite with scab the crown of the daughters of Zion.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׂפַח prop. i.q. סָפַח No. II, to pour.

Piel שִׂפֵּחַ to make fall off, used of the hair, by disease, or scab; hence to make bald, Isaiah 3:17. Compare סַפַּחַת.

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List of Word Forms
וְנִסְפְּח֖וּ וְשִׂפַּ֣ח ונספחו ושפח יְסֻפָּֽחוּ׃ יספחו׃ מְסַפֵּ֥חַ מֵהִסְתַּפֵּ֜חַ מהסתפח מספח סְפָחֵ֥נִי ספחני mê·his·tap·pê·aḥ mə·sap·pê·aḥ mehistapPeach mêhistappêaḥ mesapPeach məsappêaḥ sə·p̄ā·ḥê·nî sefaCheni səp̄āḥênî venispeChu vesipPach wə·nis·pə·ḥū wə·śip·paḥ wənispəḥū wəśippaḥ yə·sup·pā·ḥū yesupPachu yəsuppāḥū
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