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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5619 - סָקַל
1) to stone (to death), put to death by stoning
1a) (Qal) to pelt with stones, stone to death
1b) (Niphal) to be stoned to death
1c1) to stone, pelt with stones
1c2) to free from stones (of vineyard, highway)
1d) (Pual) to be stoned to death
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
סָקַל to stone, to overwhelm with stones, a species of capital punishment amongst the Hebrews, see on this subject the decisions of the Rabbins in Chr. B. Michaëlis Dissert. de Judiciis Pœnisque Capitalibus, § 5, in Pottii Syll. iv. p. 185. (I can hardly consider the signification of stoning as primary, especially as its power in Piel is also that of removing stones. The primary idea appears to lie in the root שָׁקַל, ثَقُلَ to be heavy, weighty, whence an unused noun סֶקֶל, a stone so called from being heavy, and hence a denom. verb סָקַל to stone, Pi. id. and also to remove stones). Const. followed by an acc. of pers. Exodus 19:13, 21:28 often with the addition of the word בָּאֲבָנִים Deuteronomy 13:11, 17:5 22:24 compare syn. רָגַם.
Niphal, pass. to be stoned, Exodus 19:13, 21:28, seqq.
(1) i.q. Kal, to throw stones at any one, 2 Samuel 16:6, 13 2 Samuel 16:13.
(2) to clear from stones, to remove stones from a field (comp. Heb. Gram. § 51, 2 c), Isaiah 5:2 with the addition of מֵאֶבֶן Isaiah 62:10.
Pual, pass. to be stoned, 1 Kings 21:14, 15 1 Kings 21:15.
the Fourth Week after Epiphany