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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6075 - עָפַל
1) to lift up, swell, be lifted up
1a) (Pual) to swell
1b) (Hiphil) to be bold, be swelled
2) to presume, be heedless
2a) (Hiphil) to be heedless, show heedlessness
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
עָפַל not used in Kal, prop. to swell up, to be tumid, whence עֹפֶל tumulus, a hillock. Arabic عَفِلَ to suffer from a tumour or hernia. [Perhaps we may comp. Arab. غَفَلَ to neglect any thing, to be remiss. II. to cover over. In this sense we might take the passage in Hab. to be remiss, to draw back, LXX. ὑποστείληται. Vulg. qui incredulus est. Aquila, νωχελευομένου (see also Hebrews 10:28). This Arabic root also gives a suitable sense in Numbers 14:44.]
Pual, to be tumid, metaph. to be proud, haughty, Habakkuk 2:4.
Hiphil, to act tumidly, i.e. proudly, arrogantly. Numbers 14:44, וַיַּעְפִּילוּ לַעֲלֹות וגו׳ “but they acted arrogantly (i.e. neglecting the monition of God) in going up.” In Deuter. 1:43, the same is expressed וַתָּזִדוּ וַתַּעֲלוּ הָהָרָה. Hence
the Second Week of Advent