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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6237 - עָשַׂר

a primitive root (ident. with (H6238))
Parts of Speech
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1) to tithe, take the tenth part of, give a tithe, take a tithe

1a) (Qal) to tithe

1b) (Piel) to give a tithe

1c) (Hiphil) to take a tithe

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1183 ‑ δεκατόω (dek‑at‑o'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 2
Nehemiah 2
NAS (14)
Genesis 3
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 4
Nehemiah 4
HCS (7)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 2
Nehemiah 2
Job 1
BSB (9)
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 2
Nehemiah 2
ESV (9)
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 2
Nehemiah 2
WEB (9)
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 2
Nehemiah 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2563) rxo (אהסר AhSR) AC: ? CO: Ten AB: ?

V) rxo (אהסר AhSR) - Tithe: To give a tenth. [df: rVe] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) tithe, tenth - Strongs: H6237 (עָשַׂר)

Nm/f ) rxo (אהסר AhSR) - Ten: [Hebrew and Aramaic; Also meaning sixty when written in the plural form - mirxaor nirxain Aramaic] [df: rVe] KJV (651): twenty, twentieth - Strongs: H6235 (עֲשָׂרָה), H6236 (עֲשְׂרָה), H6240 (עָשָׂר), H6242 (עֶשְׂרִים), H6243 (עֶשְׂרִין)

Nf1 ) erxo (אהסרה AhSRH) - Ten: KJV (181): ten - Strongs: H6235 (עֲשָׂרָה), H6236 (עֲשְׂרָה)

am) rxom (מאהסר MAhSR) - Tenth: [df: rVem] KJV (32): tithe, tenth, tithing - Strongs: H4643 (מַעַשְׂרָה)

cm ) rfxo (אהסור AhSWR) - Ten: [df: rwVe rVe] KJV (16): tenth, ten - Strongs: H6218 (עָשׂר)

jm ) nfrxo (אהסרונ AhSRWN) - Tenth: [df: NwrVe NrVe] KJV (28): tenth - Strongs: H6241 (עִשָּׂרֹן)

bfm ) irixo (אהסירי AhSYRY) - Tenth: [df: yryVe] KJV (29): tenth - Strongs: H6224 (עֲשִׂירִי)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [עָשַׂר] verb denominative take the tenth of, tithe; —

Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַעְשׂר 1 Samuel 8:15,17 (with accusative of thing tithed).

Pi`el Imperfect + Infinitive absolute give a tenth of, with accusative of thing: 2 masculine singular עַשֵּׂר תְּעַשֵּׂר Deuteronomy 14:22; 1 singular עַשֵּׂר אֲעַשְּׂרֶנּוּ לָ֑ח Genesis 28:22 (P); Participle taking the tenth, הַמְעַשְּׂרִים Nehemiah 10:38.

Hiph`il (so usually explained) Infinitive לַעְשֵׂר Deuteronomy 26:12 with accusative of congnate meaning with verb i.e. taking, reckoning, tithe, but Infinitive construct with ֵ֯ improbable, < read לְעַשֵּׂר

Pi`el; בַּעְשֵׂר Nehemiah 10:39 absolute, i.e. receiving tithes, but read probably בַּעְשׂר

Qal (on anomalous points, see Ges§ 53 k Dr Deuteronomy 26:12).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָשַׂר fut. יַעְשׂר (denom. from עֶשֶׂר), followed by an acc. to decimate (zehnten), i.e. to take the tenth part of produce, to tithe, 1 Samuel 8:15, 17 1 Samuel 8:17.

Piel, to give the tenth part (verzehnten). Nehemiah 10:38, “and the tenth of our land (we give) to the Levites, וְהֵם הַלְוִיִּם הַמְעַשְׂרִים for these Levites (on the other hand) have to pay tithes.” Followed by acc. of the thing tithed, Deuteronomy 14:22 and a dative of the receiver, Genesis 28:22.

Hiphil like Piel, to give tithes, Deuteronomy 26:12; Nehemiah 10:39.

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List of Word Forms
אֲעַשְּׂרֶ֥נּוּ אעשרנו בַּעְשֵׂ֣ר בעשר הַֽמְעַשְּׂרִ֔ים המעשרים יַעְשֹׂ֑ר יעשר לַ֠עְשֵׂר לעשר עַשֵּׂ֖ר עַשֵּׂ֣ר עשר תְּעַשֵּׂ֔ר תעשר ‘aś·śêr ‘aśśêr ’ă‘aśśərennū ’ă·‘aś·śə·ren·nū aasseRennu asSer ba‘·śêr ba‘śêr baSer ham‘aśśərîm ham·‘aś·śə·rîm hamasseRim la‘·śêr la‘śêr Laser tə‘aśśêr tə·‘aś·śêr teasSer ya‘·śōr ya‘śōr yaSor
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