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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6453 - פֶּסַח

Transliteration
peçach
Phonetics
peh'-sakh
Origin
from (H6452)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1786a
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פָּסַח
 
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פָּסֵחַ
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) passover

1a) sacrifice of passover

1b) animal victim of the passover

1c) festival of the passover

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3957 ‑ πάσχα (pas'‑khah);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (49)
Exodus 6
Leviticus 1
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 2
Ezekiel 1
NAS (52)
Exodus 6
Leviticus 1
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 22
Ezra 2
Ezekiel 1
HCS (49)
Exodus 6
Leviticus 1
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 2
Ezekiel 1
BSB (49)
Exodus 6
Leviticus 1
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 2
Ezekiel 1
ESV (43)
Leviticus 1
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 2
Ezekiel 1
WEB (49)
Exodus 6
Leviticus 1
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 19
Ezra 2
Ezekiel 1
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 מֶּ֫סַח noun masculine passover (usually (Thes and most) from I. פסח, with reference to Exodus 12:13 etc.; Reuss Geschichte. AT § 58 passing over into new year; Schaefer Passah-Mazzoth (1900), 346 compare Assyrian pašâ—u, soothe, placate [deity], < be soothed, Pi`el transitive, Jen ZA iv (1889), 275 Zim Babylonian Rel. i (1896). Glossary; ii (1899), 92; Schw Idiot, 124 from II. פסח, of sacred dance); — absolute ׳פ Exodus 12:11 +; מָּ֑סַח Exodus 12:21 +; plural מְּסָחִים 2 Chronicles 30:17 3t.; —

1 sacrifice of Passover, involving communion-meal, hence a species of peace-offering (compare I. זֶבַח II:2), ׳הוא לי׳זֶבַח פ Exodus 12:27 (J), compare Exodus 12:11 (P); ׳זָבַח פ Deuteronomy 16:2,5,6; ׳אבל הפ 2 Chronicles 30:18; the special feature lay in the application of blood to homes to consecrate them: compare simile Babylonian rite of purification Zimib. ii. 126-7.

2 the animal victim of the passover: ׳שׁחט פ Exodus 12:21 (J) 2 Chronicles 30:15; 35:1; 35:6; 35:11; Ezra 6:20, compare 2 Chronicles 30:17; באשׁ׳בשׁל הפ 2 Chronicles 35:13; לפסחים 2 Chronicles 35:7,8,9. [Passover animals (compare BrHex.206) were צאֹן flock Exodus 12:21 (J), שֶׁה Exodus 12:3; Exodus 12:4; Exodus 12:5, including כֶּבֶשׁ and עֵז Exodus 12:5 (P); צאן ובקר Deuteronomy 16:2; large numbers of all these (שֶׂה not used) in Josiah's Passover, active to 2 Chronicles 35:7,8,9, but evident mingling of whole burnt-offerings for the passover with special passover victim.]

3 festival of the passover : ׳חג הפ Exodus 34:25 (J); ׳(ה)פ Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 28:16; Numbers 33:3; Joshua 5:11 (P) Ezekiel 45:21; ׳חֻקַּת הפ Exodus 12:43; Numbers 9:12,14 (P); ׳עשׂה פ Exodus 12:48; Numbers 9:2,4,5,6,10,13,14; Joshua 5:10 (P) Deuteronomy 16:1; 2 Kings 23:21,22,23; 2 Chronicles 30:1,2,5; 35:1,16,17,18 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 35:19; Ezra 6:19; it was held in month הָאָבִיב Deuteronomy 16:1, בָּעָ֑רֶב Deuteronomy 16:6; on 14th day Joshua 5:10 (P), of 1st month Ezekiel 45:21; בֵּין הערבים ( Exodus 12:6) Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:5 (P); if impossible at that time, then on 14th of 2nd month Numbers 9:10,12. [No reference to מֶּסַח in E; J subordinates it to מַצּוֺת (the great feast of J E); in D it predominates over מצות; P makes it first in importance (Br Hex.195f.)].]


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

פֶּסַח m. pr. a sparing, immunity from penalty and calamity, hence

(1) a sacrifice offered on account of the sparing of the people, the paschal lamb, of which it is said, Exodus 12:27, זֶבַח פֶּסַח הוּא לַיְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר פָּסַח עַל בָּתֵּי בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּמִצְרַיִם “this is a sacrifice of sparing (prop. of passing over) unto Jehovah, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians,” etc. Hence שָׁחַט הַפֶּסַה to kill the paschal lamb, Exodus 12:21; 2 Chronicles 30:15, 17 2 Chronicles 30:17, 35:1, 2 Chronicles 35:6הַפֶּסַח Deuteronomy 16:2, seqq.; אָכַלּ הַפֶּסַת to eat the passover, 2 Chronicles 30:18 עָשֳָׂה פֶסַח to prepare the sacrifice of the passover (see עָשָׂה No. 2, ), Exodus 12:48; Numbers 9:4, seqq.; Joshua 5:11. Plur. פְּסָחִים 2 Chronicles 30:17.

(2) the day of the passover, i.e. the fourteenth day of the month Nisan (Levit. 23:5 ), which was followed by the seven days of the feast of unleavened bread (ibid. verse 6). Hence מִמָּחֳָרַת הַפֶּסַח the day after the passover, i.e. the fifteenth day of the month Nisan, Joshua 4:11.


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List of Word Forms
הַפְּסָחִ֗ים הַפֶּ֔סַח הַפֶּ֖סַח הַפֶּ֗סַח הַפֶּ֙סַח֙ הַפֶּ֛סַח הַפֶּ֡סַח הַפֶּ֥סַח הַפֶּ֧סַח הַפָּ֑סַח הַפָּ֖סַח הַפָּֽסַח׃ הפסח הפסח׃ הפסחים כַּפֶּ֣סַח כפסח לַפְּסָחִ֗ים לַפְּסָחִים֒ לַפְּסָחִים֙ לפסחים פֶ֔סַח פֶ֖סַח פֶ֙סַח֙ פֶ֤סַח פֶּ֔סַח פֶּ֖סַח פֶּ֛סַח פֶּ֥סַח פֶּ֨סַח פֶסַח֮ פסח feSach hap·pā·saḥ hap·pə·sā·ḥîm hap·pe·saḥ hapPasach happāsaḥ hapPesach happesaChim happesaḥ happəsāḥîm kap·pe·saḥ kapPesach kappesaḥ lap·pə·sā·ḥîm lappesaChim lappəsāḥîm pe·saḥ p̄e·saḥ Pesach pesaḥ p̄esaḥ
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