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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3957 - πάσχα

Transliteration
páscha
Phonetics
pas'-khah
Root Word (Etymology)
of Aramaic origin cf (H6453)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
TDNT
5:896,797
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. the paschal sacrifice (which was accustomed to be offered for the people's deliverance of old from Egypt)
  2. the paschal lamb, i.e. the lamb the Israelites were accustomed to slay and eat on the fourteenth day of the month of Nisan (the first month of their year) in memory of the day on which their fathers, preparing to depart from Egypt, were bidden by God to slay and eat a lamb, and to sprinkle their door posts with its blood, that the destroying angel, seeing the blood, might pass over their dwellings; Christ crucified is likened to the slain paschal lamb
  3. the paschal supper
  4. the paschal feast, the feast of the Passover, extending from the 14th to the 20th day of the month Nisan
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6453 ‑ פֶּסַח (peh'‑sakh);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (29)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 7
John 10
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (29)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 7
John 10
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
CSB (29)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 7
John 10
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (29)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 7
John 10
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (28)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 7
John 9
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (29)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 7
John 10
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πάσχα, τό,

indecl.,

the Hebrew Passover (from pâsa[hudot ] 'pass over') or Paschal feast, LXX Exodus 12:48, etc.

2. paschal supper, Matthew 26:17; Matthew 26:19,al.

3. paschal lamb, θύειν τὸ π. LXX Exodus 12:21, al.; τὸ π. ἐτύθη Χριστός 1 Corinthians 5:7.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πάσχα, τό (Chaldean פִּסְחָא, Hebrew פֶּסַח, from פָּסַח, to pass over, to pass over by sparing; the Sept. also constantly use the Chaldean form πάσχα, except in 2 Chron. (and Jeremiah 38:8 ()) where it is φασεκ; Josephus has φασκα, Antiquities 5, 1, 4; 14, 2, 1; 17, 9, 13; b. j. 2, 1, 3), an indeclinable noun (Winers Grammar, § 10, 2); properly, a passing over;

1. the paschal sacrifice (which was accustomed to be offered for the people's deliverance of old from Egypt), or

2. the paschal lamb, i. e. the lamb which the Israelites were accustomed to slay and eat on the fourteenth day of the month Nisan (the first month of their year) in memory of that day on which their fathers, preparing to depart from Egypt, were bidden by God to slay and eat a lamb, and to sprinkle their door-posts with its blood, that the destroying angel, seeing the blood, might pass over their dwellings (Exodus 12; Numbers 9; Deuteronomy 16): θύειν τό πάσχα (הַפֶסַח שָׁחַט), Mark 14:12; Luke 22:7, (Exodus 12:21); Christ crucified is likened to the slain paschal lamb, 1 Corinthians 5:7; φαγεῖν τό πάσχα, Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12, 14; Luke 22:11, 15; John 18:28; הָפֶסַח אָכַל, 2 Chronicles 30:17f.

3. the paschal supper: ἑτοιμάζειν τό πάσχα, Matthew 26:19; Mark 14:16; Luke 22:8, 13; ποιεῖν τό πάσχα to celebrate the paschal meal, Matthew 26:18.

4. the paschal festival, the feast of Passover, extending from the fourteenth to the twentieth day of the month Nisan: Matthew 26:2; Mark 14:1; Luke 2:41; Luke 22:1; John 2:13, 23; John 6:4; John 11:55; John 12:1; John 13:1; John 18:39; John 19:14; Acts 12:4; πεποίηκε τό πάσχα he instituted the Passover (of Moses), Hebrews 11:28 (cf. Winers Grammar, 272 (256); Buttmann, 197 (170)); γίνεται τό πάσχα the Passover is celebrated (R. V. cometh), Matthew 26:2. (See BB. DD. under the word ; Dillmann in Schenkel iv., p. 392ff; and on the question of the relation of the Last Supper to the Jewish Passover, see (in addition to references in BB. DD. as above) Kirchner, die Jüdische Passahfeier u. Jesu letztes Mahl. Gotha, 1870; Keil, Com. über Matth., pp. 513-528; J. B. McClellan, The N. T. etc. i., pp. 473-494; but especially Schürer, Ueber φαγεῖν τό πάσχα, akademische Festschrift (Giessen, 1883).)


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πάσχα , τό ,

indecl. (Aram. טַּסְחָא ),

[in LXX for H6453;]

1. the festival of the Passover: Matthew 26:2, Mark 14:1, Luke 22:1, John 2:13; John 2:23; John 6:4; John 11:55; John 12:1; John 18:39; John 19:14, Acts 12:4, Hebrews 11:28; .ἡ ἐορτὴ τοῦ Papyri, Luke 2:41, John 13:1.

2. By meton.,

(a) the paschal supper: ἑτοιμάζειν τὸ Papyri, Matthew 26:19, Mark 14:16, Luke 22:8; Luke 22:13; ποιεῖν τό Papyri, Matthew 26:18;

(b) the pasohal lamb: θύειν τό Papyri (Exodus 12:21), Mark 14:12, Luke 22:7; of Christ, 1 Corinthians 5:7; φαγεῖν τὸ Papyri (lamb or supper), Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12; Mark 14:14, Luke 22:11; Luke 22:15, John 18:28 (cf. 2 Chronicles 30:17).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ΠΑΣΧΑ πάσχα PASCHA páscha
 
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