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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7523 - רָצַח

Transliteration
râtsach
Phonetics
raw-tsakh'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
2208
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רָצֹן
 
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רֶצַח
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to murder, slay, kill

1a) (Qal) to murder, slay

1a1) premeditated

1a2) accidental

1a3) as avenger

1a4) slayer (intentional) (participle)

1b) (Niphal) to be slain

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to murder, assassinate

1c2) murderer, assassin (participle) (substantive)

1d) (Pual) to be killed

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5408 ‑ φόνος (fon'‑os);  5407 ‑ φονεύω (fon‑yoo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (47)
Exodus 1
Numbers 20
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 8
Judges 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
NAS (48)
Exodus 1
Numbers 21
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 8
Judges 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
HCS (44)
Exodus 1
Numbers 17
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 8
Judges 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
BSB (47)
Exodus 1
Numbers 20
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 8
Judges 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
ESV (44)
Numbers 20
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 8
Judges 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
WEB (46)
Exodus 1
Numbers 20
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 8
Judges 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2790) hyr (רתסהה RTsHh) AC: Murder CO: Wound AB: ?: An unjustifiable killing or slaughter. [from: yr- dashed into pieces]

V) hyr (רתסהה RTsHh) - Murder: KJV (47): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel, Participle) slayer, murderer, kill, murder, slain, manslayer, killing, death - Strongs: H7523 (רָצַח)

Nm) hyr (רתסהה RTsHh) - Wound: A deadly wound. KJV (2): sword, slaughter - Strongs: H7524 (רֶצַח)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 רָצַח verb murder, slay (Late Hebrew (rare, also in derivatives) = Biblical Hebrew; compare Arabic , break, bruise, crush); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive ׳וְר Numbers 35:27, וּרְצָחוֺ Deuteronomy 22:26; 2 masculine singular (הֲ)רָצַחְתָּ 1 Kings 21:19; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִרְצַח Numbers 35:30; Deuteronomy 4:42; 2 masculine singular תִּרְצָ֑ח (צ־ַחׅ Exodus 20:13 = Deuteronomy 5:17; Infinitive absolute רָצֹהַּ Hosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Participle active רֹצֵחַ Deuteronomy 19:3 +, ׳רוֺ Deuteronomy 4:42 +; — murder, slay, with premeditation, Exodus 20:13 (E) = Deuteronomy 5:17; Hosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9; 1 Kings 21:19 (all absolute); with accusative of person Deuteronomy 22:26, unawares Deuteronomy 4:42; slay as avenger Numbers 35:27,30 (P; "" חֵמִית Numbers 35:19; Numbers 35:21); especially participle as substantive = slayer, manslayer, without intent, Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:3,4,6; also in P: Numbers 35:6,11,12,25,26,27,28; Joshua 20:3,5,6; Joshua 21:13,21,27,32,26 (van d. H., Baer, Joshua 21:38 Gi; all P); murderer, with intent, Numbers 35:16 (twice in verse); Numbers 35:17 (twice in verse); Numbers 35:18 (twice in verse); Numbers 35:19,21 (twice in verse); Numbers 35:30; Numbers 30:31; also Job 24:14.

Niph`al Imperfect 1 singular אֵרָצֵחַ Proverbs 22:13 I shall be slain; Participle feminine singular as adjective אִשָּׁה הַנִּרְצָחָה Judges 20:4 the murdered woman.

Pi`el (intensive) murder, assassinate: 3 masculine plural יְרַצְּחוּ Hosea 6:9 (absolute), יְרַצֵּ֑חוּ Psalm 94:6 (accusative of person, "" הָרַג); Psalm 62:4 see below; Participle מְרַצֵּחַ, as substantive 2 Kings 6:32 murderer, assassin; plural מְרֵצְּחִים Isaiah 1:21 assassins.

Pu`al Imperfect, 2 masculine plural תְּרָצְּחוּ Psalm 62:4, so Baer Gi, van d. H. תְּרָצְחוּ, but Ben Naphtali

Pi`elתְּרַצְּחוּ (Baer143), so Vrss Hup-Now De Che Bae and others ye murder (or batter, shatter).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

רָצַח

(1)  to break, or dash in pieces. (Arab. رضح and رضخ.) See Piel No. 1, and the noun רֵצַח.

(2) to kill, with an acc. Numbers 35:6, seqq.; more fully רָצַח פּ׳ נֶפֶשׁ Deuteronomy 22:26, compare הִכָּה פ׳ נֶפֶשׁ under the word הִכָּה No. 2, c.

Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 2, Judges 20:4.

Piel

(1) to dash in pieces, Psalms 62:4.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 2, but iteratively (like קַטֵּל), to kill many, to act the homicide, 2 Kings 6:32; Isaiah 1:21; Hosea 6:9.


These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אֵֽרָצֵֽחַ׃ ארצח׃ הֲרָצַ֖חְתָּ הַֽמְרַצֵּ֤חַ הַנִּרְצָחָ֖ה הָ֣רֹצֵ֔חַ הָֽרֹצֵ֗חַ הָרֹצֵ֑חַ הָרֹצֵ֔חַ הָרֹצֵ֖חַ הָרֹצֵ֗חַ הָרֹצֵ֛חַ הָרֹצֵֽחַ׃ הָרוֹצֵ֗חַ המרצח הנרצחה הרוצח הרצח הרצח׃ הרצחת וְרָצַ֞ח וְרָצֹ֥חַ וּרְצָח֣וֹ ורצח ורצחו יְרַצְּחוּ־ יְרַצֵּֽחוּ׃ יִרְצַ֖ח יִרְצַ֤ח ירצח ירצחו־ ירצחו׃ מְרַצְּחִֽים׃ מרצחים׃ רָצֹ֙חַ֙ רֹצֵ֔חַ רֹצֵ֣חַֽ רֹצֵֽחַ׃ רוֹצֵ֔חַ רוֹצֵ֗חַ רוצח רצח רצח׃ תְּרָצְּח֪וּ תִּֿרְצָֽ֖ח׃ תִּֿרְצָֽח׃ תרצח׃ תרצחו ’ê·rā·ṣê·aḥ ’êrāṣêaḥ EraTzeach hă·rā·ṣaḥ·tā hā·rō·ṣê·aḥ hā·rō·w·ṣê·aḥ ham·raṣ·ṣê·aḥ hamraṣṣêaḥ hamratzTzeach han·nir·ṣā·ḥāh hannirṣāḥāh hannirtzaChah hărāṣaḥtā haraTzachta hārōṣêaḥ haroTzeach hārōwṣêaḥ mə·raṣ·ṣə·ḥîm məraṣṣəḥîm meratztzeChim rā·ṣō·aḥ rāṣōaḥ raTzoach rō·ṣê·aḥ rō·w·ṣê·aḥ rōṣêaḥ roTzeach rōwṣêaḥ tə·rāṣ·ṣə·ḥū tərāṣṣəḥū teratztzeChu trə·ṣāḥ trəṣāḥ treTzach ū·rə·ṣā·ḥōw ūrəṣāḥōw uretzaCho veraTzach veraTzoach wə·rā·ṣaḥ wə·rā·ṣō·aḥ wərāṣaḥ wərāṣōaḥ yə·raṣ·ṣê·ḥū yə·raṣ·ṣə·ḥū- yəraṣṣêḥū yəraṣṣəḥū- yeratzTzechu yir·ṣaḥ yirṣaḥ yirTzach
 
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