Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7854 - שָׂטָן
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) adversary (Arabic شَيْطَانُ), as in war, an enemy, 1 Kings 5:18, 11:14, 23 1 Kings 11:23, 25 1 Kings 11:25; 1 Samuel 29:4 in a court of justice, Psalms 109:6 (compare Zechariah 3:1, Zechariah 3:2); and also whoever opposes himself to another, 2 Samuel 19:23; Numbers 22:22, “the angel of Jehovah stood in the way לְשָׂטָן לוֹ to resist him;” verse 32 Numbers 22:32.
(2) With the art. הַשָּׂטָן (adversary, κατʼ ἐξοχὴν) it assumes the nature of a pr.n. (see Hebr. Gramm., § 107, 2), and is Satan, the devil, the evil genius in the later theology of the Jews [rather, in the true revelation of God from the beginning], who seduces men (1 Chronicles 21:1 in which place only it is without the article, compare 2 Samuel 24:1), and then accuses and calumniates them before God, Zechariah 3:1, Zechariah 3:2; Job 1:7, 2:2, seq.; compare Revelation 12:10, ὁ κατήγωρ τῶν ἀδελφῶν ἡμῶν, ὁ κατηγορῶν αὐτῶν ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἡμῶν ἡμέρας καὶ νυκτός. But it is a groundless opinion of Alb. Schultens, Herder, and Eachhorn, that Satan, in the book of Job, is different from the Satan of the other books, and is a good angel employed to examine into the manners of men; and on this account, whenever in the early part of this book he is mentioned, they would read, הַשָּׂטָן i.e. περιοδεύτης (from the root שׁוּט); this notion has now been rejected by all interpreters. And
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