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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #894 - בָּבֶל
בָּבֶל (i.e. “confusion,” for בַּלְבֵּל from the root בָּלַל, Genesis 11:9 compare Syr. ܒܳܒܥܳ confusion of speech, stammering, and as to the casting away of the second letter, see טוֹטָפָה for טָפְטָפָה, Lehrgeb. 134, 869; others [who reject the Scripture account as to the origin of the name, and follow their own fancies] make it i.q. باب بل gate, i.e. hall of Belus), pr.n. [Babel], Babylon, a very ancient and celebrated city of Asia, the metropolis of Babylonia, Genesis 10:10; 2 Kings 17:24, 20:12, seq.; Micah 4:10, etc., situated in Lat. 32°, 32´, on both banks of the Euphrates; its ruins still exist in the neighbourhood of the city of Hella (حاّة), and they have been of late accurately and learnedly described. See Herod. i. 178, 183. Strabo, xvi. 1, § 6. Ker Porter, Travels, ii. p. 283, seq. Heeren, Hist. Werke, xi. 158, seq. Germ. Encycl. v. Babylon. The name of the city was applied to the province of Babylonia, Psalms 87:4, 137:1 Isaiah 14:4, whence there is often mentioned מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל “the king of Babylonia;” a name also given to the kings of Persia, as to Cyrus, Ezra 5:13 to Artaxerxes, Nehemiah 13:6 compare אַשּׁוּר.
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