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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #129 - αἷμα

Transliteration
haîma
Phonetics
hah'ee-mah  
Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
1:172,26
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. blood
    1. of man or animals
    2. refers to the seat of life
    3. of those things that resemble blood, grape juice
  2. blood shed, to be shed by violence, slay, murder
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1818 ‑ דָּם (dawm);  5331 ‑ נֶצַח (neh'‑tsakh, nay'‑tsakh);  7307 ‑ רוּחַ (roo'‑akh);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (99) NAS (97) HCS (97)
Matthew 9
Mark 3
Luke 7
John 6
Acts 12
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 4
Galatians 1
Ephesians 3
Colossians 2
Hebrews 20
1 Peter 2
1 John 3
Revelation 17
Matthew 9
Mark 3
Luke 7
John 6
Acts 11
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 4
Galatians 1
Ephesians 3
Colossians 1
Hebrews 20
1 Peter 2
1 John 3
Revelation 17
Matthew 11
Mark 3
Luke 8
John 6
Acts 11
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 4
Galatians 1
Ephesians 3
Colossians 1
Hebrews 21
1 Peter 2
1 John 4
Revelation 19
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASN 19
N-DSN 20
N-GPN 1
N-GSN 35
N-NPN 1
N-NSN 23
N-APN 1
N-ASN 18
N-DSN 20
N-GPN 1
N-GSN 33
N-NSN 24
N-ASN 20
N-DSN 20
N-GPN 1
N-GSN 35
N-NSN 23
NA WH
N-ASN 20
N-DSN 19
N-GPN 1
N-GSN 32
N-NSN 22
T-DSN 1
T-NSN 1
N-ASN 19
N-DSN 20
N-GPN 1
N-GSN 36
N-NSN 27


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἷμα, ατος, τό,

I

1. blood, Il. 1.303, etc.; φόνος αἵματος 16.162; ψυχῆς ἄκρατον αἷμα S. El. 786: in pl., streams of blood, A. Ag. 1293, S. Ant. 121, E. El. 1172, Alc. 496.

2. of anything like blood, Βακχίου Tim. Fr. 7; αἷ. σταφυλῆς LXX Si. 39.26, cf. App.Anth. 3.166 (Procl.). dye obtained from ἄγχουσα, alkanet, PHolm. 15.25, PLeid.X. 99.3.

3. with collat. meaning of spirit, courage, οὐκ ἔχων αἷμα pale, spiritless Aeschin. 3.160; τοὺς αἷμα φάσκοντας τὴν ψυχήν Arist. de An. 405b4.

II bloodshcd, murder, A. Ch. 520, S. OT 101; ὅμαιμον αἷ. a kinsman's murder, A. Supp. 449; εἴργασται μητρῷον αἷ. E. Or. 285, cf. 406; αἶ. πράττειν ib. 1139; αἷμα συγγενὲς κτείνας S. Fr. 799.3; αἷμα τραγοκτόνον shedding of goat's blood, E. Ba. 139; ἐφ' αἵματι φεύγειν to avoid trial for murder by going into exile, SIG 58 (Milet., V B.C.), D. 21.105; αἷμα συγγενὲς φεύγων E. Supp. 148: pl. in this sense, A. Ch. 66, 650, freq. in E., never in S.; αἵματασύγγονα brothers' corpses, E. Ph. 1502: concrete, νεακόνητον αἷ. keen-edged death, i. e. a sword, S. El. 1394 (expl. by μάχαιρα, Hsch.).

III

1. blood relationship, kin, αἷ. τε καὶ γένος Od. 8.583; αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο 4.611; οΐ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης Il. 19.111; τὸ αἷ. τινος his blood or origin, Pi. N. 11.34; αἷ. ἐμφύλιον incestuous kinship, S. OT 1406; τοὺς πρὸς αἵματος Id. Aj. 1305, cf. Arist. Pol. 1262a11; μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι akin to her by blood, A. Eu. 606, cf. Th. 141; ἀφ' αἵματος ὑμετέρου S. OC 245.

2. concrete, of a person, ὦ Διὸς.. αἷμα IG 14.1003.1, cf. 1389 ii4, etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αἷμα, (τος, τό, blood, whether of men or of animals:

1.

a. simply and generally: John 19:34; Revelation 8:7; Revelation 11:6; Revelation 16:3f, 6{b} (on which passages cf. Exodus 7:20ff); ; ῤύσις αἵματος, Mark 5:25 ((πηγή αἵματος Mark 5:29)); Luke 8:43f; θρόμβοι αἵματος, Luke 22:44 (L brackets WH reject the passage). So also in passages where the eating of blood (and of bloody flesh) is forbidden, Acts 15:20, 29; Acts 21:25; cf. Leviticus 3:17; Leviticus 7:16 (26); ; see Knobel on Leviticus 7:26f; (Kalisch on Leviticus, Preliminary Essay § 1); Ruckert, Abendmahl, p. 94.

b. As it was anciently believed that the blood is the seat of the life (Leviticus 17:11; (cf. Delitzsch, Biblical Psychol, pp. 238-247 (English translation, p. 281ff))), the phrase σάρξ καί αἷμα (וְדָם בָּשָׂר, a common phrase in rabbinical writers), or in inverse order αἷμα καί σάρξ, denotes man's living body compounded of flesh and blood, 1 Corinthians 15:50; Hebrews 2:14, and so hints at the contrast between man and God (or even the more exalted creatures, Ephesians 6:12) as to suggest his feebleness, Ephesians 6:12 (Sir. 14:18), which is conspicuous as respects the knowledge of divine things, Galatians 1:16; Matthew 16:17.

c. Since the first germs of animal life are thought to be in the blood (Wis. 7:2; Eustathius ad Iliad 6, 211 (ii. 104, 2) τό δέ αἵματος ἀντί τοῦ σπέρματος φασίν οἱ σαφοὶ, ὡς τοῦ σπέρματος ὕλην τό αἷμα ἔχοντος), the word serves to denote generation and origin (in the classics also): John 1:13 (on the plural cf. Winer's Grammar, 177 (166)); Acts 17:26 (R G).

d. It is used of those things which by their redness resemble blood: αἷμα σταφυλῆς the juice of the grape ('the blood of grapes,' Genesis 49:11; Deuteronomy 32:14), Sir. 39:26 Sir. 50:15; 1 Macc. 6:34, etc.; Achilles Tatius 2:2; reference to this is made in Revelation 14:18-20. εἰς αἷμα, of the moon, Acts 2:20 (Joel 2:31 ()), equivalent to ὡς αἷμα Revelation 6:12.

2. bloodshed or to be shed by violence (very often also in the classics);

a.: Luke 13:1 (the meaning is, whom Pilate had ordered to be massacred while they were sacrificing, so that their blood mingled with the blood (yet cf. Winer's Grammar, 623 (579)) of the victims); αἷμα ἀθοῷν (or δίκαιον Tr marginal reading WH text) the blood of an innocent (or righteous) man viz. to be shed, Matthew 27:4; έ᾿κχειν and ἐκχύνειν αἷμα (דָּם שָׁפַך, Genesis 9:6; Isaiah 59:7, etc.) to shed blood, slay, Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:50; Acts 22:20; Romans 3:15; Revelation 16:6 (here Tdf. αἵματα); hence, αἷμα is used for the bloody death itself: Matthew 23:30, 35; Matthew 27:24; Luke 11:51; Acts (, yet, cf. i d. above;) Acts 20:26; Revelation 17:6; μέχρις αἵματος unto blood, i. e., so as to undergo a bloody death, Hebrews 12:4 (τόν αἴτιον τῆς ... μέχρις αἵματος στάσεως, Heliodorus 7, 8); τιμή αἵματος 'price of blood' i. e. price received for murder, Matthew 27:6; ἀγρός αἵματος field bought with the price of blood, Matthew 27:8, equivalent to χωρίον αἵματος, Acts 1:19 — unless in this latter passage we prefer the explanation, which agrees better with the context, 'the field dyed with the blood of Judas'; the guilt and punishment of bloodshed, in the following Hebraistic expressions: ἐν αὐτῇ αἵματα (Rec. αἷμα (so L Tr WH)) ὑρέθη, i. e., it was discovered that she was guilty of murders, Revelation 18:24 (cf. πόλις αἱμάτων, Ezekiel 24:6); τό αἷμα αὐτοῦ ἐφ' ἡμᾶς (namely, ἐλθέτω) let the penalty of the bloodshed fall on us, Matthew 27:25; τό αἷμα ὑμῶν ἐπί τήν κεφαλήν ὑμῶν (namely, ἐλθέτω) let the guilt of your destruction be reckoned to your own account, Acts 18:6 (cf. 2 Samuel 1:16; Joshua 2:19, etc.); ἐπάγειν τό αἷμα τίνος ἐπί τινα, to cause the punishment of a murder to be visited upon anyone, Acts 5:28; ἐκζήτειν τό αἷμα τίνος ἀπό τίνος (פ מִיַד פ דַּם בִּקֵשׁ, 2 Samuel 4:11; Ezekiel 3:18, 20; Ezekiel 33:8), to exact of anyone the penalty for another's death, Luke 11:50; the same idea is expressed by ἐκδίκειν τό αἷμα τίνος, Revelation 6:10; Revelation 19:2.

b. It is used specially of the blood of sacrificial victims having a purifying or expiating power (Leviticus 17:11): Hebrews 9:7, 12f, 18-22, 25; Hebrews 10:4; Hebrews 11:28; Hebrews 13:11.

c. Frequent mention is made in the N. T. of the blood of Christ (αἷμα τοῦ Χριστοῦ, 1 Corinthians 10:16; τοῦ κυρίου, ; τοῦ ἀρνίου, Revelation 7:14; Revelation 12:11, cf. ) shed on the cross (αἷμα τοῦ σταυροῦ, Colossians 1:20) for the salvation of many, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24, cf. Luke 22:20; the pledge of redemption, Ephesians 1:7 (ἀπολύτρωσις διά τοῦ αἵματος αὐτοῦ; so too in Colossians 1:14 Rec.); 1 Peter 1:19 (see ἀγοράζω, 2 b.); having expiatory efficacy, Romans 3:25; Hebrews 9:12; by which believers are purified and are cleansed from the guilt of sin, Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 12:24; (); 1 John 1:7 (cf. 1 John 5:6, 8); Revelation 1:5; Revelation 7:14; 1 Peter 1:2; are rendered acceptable to God, Romans 5:9, and find access into the heavenly sanctuary, Hebrews 10:19; by which the Gentiles are brought to God and the blessings of his kingdom, Ephesians 2:13, and in general all rational beings on earth and in heaven are reconciled to God, Colossians 1:20; with which Christ purchased for himself the church, Acts 20:28, and gathered it for God, Revelation 5:9. Moreover, since Christ's dying blood served to establish new religious institutions and a new relationship between men and God, it is likened also to a federative or covenant sacrifice: τό αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης, the blood by the shedding of which the covenant should be ratified, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24, or has been ratified, Hebrews 10:29; Hebrews 13:20 (cf. Hebrews 9:20); add, 1 Corinthians 11:25; Luke 22:20 (WH reject this passage) (in both which the meaning is, 'this cup containing wine, an emblem of blood, is rendered by the shedding of my blood an emblem of the new covenant'), 1 Corinthians 11:27; (cf. Cicero, pro Sestio 10, 24foedus sanguine meo ictum sanciri, Livy 23, 8sanguine Hannibalis sanciam Romanum foedus. πίνειν τό αἷμα αὐτοῦ (i. e. of Christ), to appropriate the saving results of Christ's death, John 6:53f, 56. (Westcott, Epistles of John, p. 34f.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἷμα , -τος , τό ,

[in LXX for H1818;]

blood.

1. In the ordinary sense: Mark 5:25, Luke 8:43-44; Luke 22:44, John 19:34, Acts 15:20; Acts 15:29; Acts 21:25, Revelation 8:7-8; Revelation 11:6; Revelation 16:3-4; Revelation 16:6; Revelation 19:13.

2. In special senses:

(a) of generation, origin, kinship (cl.): John 1:13 (v. MM, VGT, s.v.);

(b) as in OT (AR on Eph., l.c.), in the phrase σάρξ καὶ αἷ (αἷ . κ . σ .), to indicate human nature as opp. to God and created spirits: Matthew 16:17, 1 Corinthians 15:50, Galatians 1:16, Ephesians 6:12, Hebrews 2:14;

(c) of things in colour resembling blood: Acts 2:19-20, Revelation 6:12; Revelation 14:18-20

(d) of bloodshed, a bloody death (cl.): Matthew 23:30; Matthew 23:35; Matthew 27:4; Matthew 27:6; Matthew 27:8; Matthew 27:24-25, Luke 11:50-51; Luke 13:1, Acts 1:19; Acts 5:28; Acts 18:6; Acts 20:26; Acts 22:20, Hebrews 12:4, Revelation 6:10; Revelation 17:6; Revelation 18:24; Revelation 19:2; αἷ . ἐκχέειν (Deiss., LAE, 428; MM, VGT, s.v., αἷ ), Romans 3:15, Revelation 16:6;

(e) of sacrificial blood, as an expiation: Hebrews 9:7; Hebrews 9:12-13; Hebrews 9:18-22; Hebrews 9:25; Hebrews 10:4; Hebrews 11:28; Hebrews 13:11; of the blood of Christ, Matthew 26:28, Mark 14:24, Luke 22:20, John 6:53-54; John 6:56 Acts 20:28, Romans 3:25; Romans 5:9, 1 Corinthians 10:16; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 1 Corinthians 11:27 Ephesians 1:7; Ephesians 2:13, Colossians 1:20, Hebrews 9:12; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 10:19; Hebrews 10:29; Hebrews 12:24; Hebrews 13:20, 1 Peter 1:2; 1 Peter 1:19, 1 John 1:7 (cf. 1 John 5:6; 1 John 5:8), Revelation 1:5; Revelation 5:9; Revelation 7:14; Revelation 12:11. (Cremer, 69 f., 612 f.)†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

An interesting parallel to the common Biblical phrase αἷμα ἐκχέω, especially as it appears in Deuteronomy 19:10 καὶ οὐκ ἐκχυθήσεται αἷμα ἀναίτιον, is afforded by an inscription found on a tombstone at Rheneia, containing a Jewish ";prayer for vengeance,"; Syll 816.5 f. (ii/B.C.) ἐγχέαντας αὐτῆς τὸ ἀναίτιον αἷμα ἀδίκως : see the full discussion in Deissmann LAE p. 423 ff.. For the use of αἷμα, as in John 1:13, cf. P Lips I. 28.16 (A.D. 381) πρ [ ]ς τὸ εἶναί σου υἱ [ ]ν γνήσιον καὶ πρωτότοκον ὡς ἐξ ἰδίου αἵματος γεννηθέντα σοι. In P Leid C (verso) ii. 9 (p. 118—B.C. 161) two men appear in a dream saying Πτολεμαῖος, λαβὲ το [ὺς ] χαλκοὺς τοῦ αἵματος : they count out a purseful and say to one of the Twins εἰδοὺ τοὺς χαλκοὺς τοῦ αἵματος. Leemans quotes an opinion that this meant the price of a victim, and compares Matthew 27:6. In the sense of murder or blood-guiltiness it finds modern support in the Pontic dialect (Thumb BZ, xxii. p. 489), which is evidence for its place in the Eastern Κοινή, apart from any Semitic influence.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αιμα αιμά αίμα αίμά αἷμα αἷμά αίμασι αίμασί αίμασιν αίμασίν αίματα αιματι αίματι αίματί αἵματι αἵματί αιματος αίματος αίματός αἵματος αἵματός αιματων αιμάτων αἱμάτων aima aimati aimaton aimatōn aimatos haima haîma haîmá haimati haímati haímatí haimaton haimatōn haimáton haimátōn haimatos haímatos haímatós
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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