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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1581 - ἐκκόπτω

Transliteration
ekkóptō
Phonetics
ek-kop'-to  
Word Origin
from (1537) and (2875)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:857,453
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to cut out, cut off
    1. of a tree
  2. metaph. to cut off occasion
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1414 ‑ גְּדַד (ghed‑ad');  1438 ‑ גָּדַע (gaw‑dah');  2255 ‑ חֲבַל (khab‑al');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  5221 ‑ נָכָה (naw‑kaw');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5365 ‑ נָקַר (naw‑kar');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  5428 ‑ נָתַשׁ (naw‑thash');  7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);  7453 ‑ רֵיעַ (ray'‑ah, ray'‑ah);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (10) HCS (10)
Matthew 4
Luke 3
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 1
1 Peter 1
Matthew 4
Luke 3
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 1
Matthew 4
Luke 3
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2API-2S 1
V-2FPI-2S 1
V-AAM-2S 3
V-AAS-1S 1
V-FAI-2S 1
V-PPI-3S 3
V-2API-2S 1
V-2FPI-2S 1
V-AAM-2S 3
V-AAS-1S 1
V-FAI-2S 1
V-PPI-3S 3
V-2API-2S 1
V-2FPI-2S 1
V-AAM-2S 3
V-AAS-1S 1
V-FAI-2S 1
V-PPI-3S 3
V-PPN 1
NA WH
V-FPI-2S 1
V-2API-2S 1
V-2FPI-2S 1
V-AAM-2S 3
V-AAS-1S 1
V-FAI-2S 1
V-PPI-3S 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐκκόπτ-ω,

I

1. cut out, knock out, τοὺς γομφίους Phryn.Com. 68; τῶν ἑρπετῶν ἐξέκοψε τὸ φθέγμα Call. Iamb. 1.163: Pass., ἢν..τωφθαλμὼ' κκοπῇς have your eyes knocked out, Ar. Av. 342; τὸν ὀφθαλμὸν ἐκκεκομμένος D. 18.67; ἐξεκέκοπτο τὴν φωνήν had lost his voice, Luc. JTr. 16.

2. cut [trees] out of a wood, fell, Hdt. 6.37 (Pass.), 9.97, Th. 6.99, etc.; δένδρα ἐκκεκόφασι X. HG 6.5.37; παράδεισον laid waste the park, Id. An. 1.4.10; χωρία D.H. 8.87; νήσους καὶ πόλεις Plu. Pomp. 24: hence, metaph., cut off, make an end of, τοὺς ἄνδρας Hdt. 4.110; ἐ. φενακισμόν, ἱεροσυλίαν, Din. 2.4, Isa 8.39; eradicate abuses, OGI 669.64 (Egypt, i A.D.); τὴν αἰσθητικὴν ἐνέργειαν Arist. PA 656b5; extirpate, [ λύπας ] Diog.Oen. 2: Pass., ἡ θρασύτης ἐξεκέκοπτο Pl. Chrm. 155c. ἐ. πλοῖα scuttle ships, IG 12(7).386.9 (Amorgos).

3. as military term, beat off, repulse, τὰς ἀκροβολίσεις X. Cyr. 6.2.15; τοὺς ἐπὶ τῷ λόφῳ Id. HG 7.4.26.

4. win, in throwing the dice, Alex. 44, Menecr.I D.: Pass., to be ruined at play, Hsch.

5. ἐ. θύρας break open, Lys. 3.6; οἰκίαν ἐ. Plb. 4.3.10.

6. cut out or erase an inscription, SIG 38.38 (Teos, V B.C.), Arist. Rh. 1400a33; οὐδενὶ ἐξέσται..γράμμα ἐκκόψαι CIG 3028 (Ephesus), al.; ἐ. τὴν χεῖρα Matthew 5:30; cut out, as a surgeon does, Luc. Cat. 24.

7. coin, stamp money, D.S. 11.26. metaph., φαντασίαν ἐ. ὡς.. Phld. Lib. p.56 O.; γένη οὐκ ἐκκοπτόμενα ἰδίοις τέλεσι genders not marked by different terminations, A.D. Synt. 104.23; ἐ. ἀναφθέγματα coin expressions, Phld. D. 3.14.

8. hinder, bring to a stop, PAlex. 4.1 (iii B.C.), Vett.Val. 268.6.

II intr., pause, come to a stop, Id. 260.24.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκκόπτω: future ἐκκόψω; 1 aorist imperative ἔκκοψον, subjunctive ἐκκόψω; (passive, present ἐκκόπτομαι); 2 aorist ἐξεκοπην; 2 future ἐκκοπήσομαι; to cut out, cut off;

a. properly: of a tree, Matthew 3:10; Matthew 7:19; Luke 3:9; Luke 13:7, 9 (Herodotus 9, 97, etc.); a hand, an eye: Matthew 5:30; Matthew 18:8 (τόν ὀφθυλμον, Demosthenes, p. 744 (13) 17); passive ἐκ τίνος, a branch from a tree, Romans 11:22, 24.

b. figuratively: τήν ἀφορμήν, to cut off occasion, 2 Corinthians 11:12 (τήν ἐλπίδα, Job 19:10). In 1 Peter 3:7 read ἐγκόπτεσθαι; see ἐγκόπτω.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐκ -κοπή , -ῆς , ,

[in Aq.: Isaiah 51:1*;]

in T for ἐνκοπή (q.v.): 1 Corinthians 9:12.†

ἐκ -κόπτω ,

[in LXX for H3772, etc.;]

to cut out, cut off, cut down: of a hand, foot, Matthew 5:30; Matthew 18:8; a tree, Matthew 3:10; Matthew 7:19 Luke 3:9; Luke 13:7; Luke 13:9; fig., of a branch, Romans 11:22; seq. ἐκ , Romans 11:24; metaph., τ . ἀφορμήν (cf. Job 19:10 ἐλπίδα ), 2 Corinthians 11:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the literal use of ἐκκόπτω, as in Matthew 3:10, cf. P Fay 113.10 (A.D. 100) ἐξ αὐτον ἐκκόψαι θέλι φυτά, ";he wishes to cut down some of the trees"; (Edd.), and similarly 114.14, P Oxy VI. 892.10 (A.D. 338) ἵνα. . . διὰ ταχέων ταῦτα ἐκκόψας παρενεχθῆναι ποιήσῃς, ";with all speed to get the timber cut and delivered"; (Edd.). See also BGU I. 72.9 (A.D. 191) ἐξέκοψαν πλεῖστον τόπον ἐν ἀρούραις πέντε. The verb is metaph. in Vett. Val. p. 268.6 ἐὰν μή πως ἀκτὶς ἀγαθοποιῶν συνδραμοῦσα τὰ πολλὰ τῶν φαύλων ἐκκόψῃ.

A parallel to the NT use of ἐνκόπτω, as in 1 Thessalonians 2:18, is afforded by P Alex 4.1 (iii/B.C.) ἡμῖν ἐνκόπτεις καλά. The verb is intrans. in Vett. Val. p. 260.24 ὥσπερ γὰρ τροχὸς κυλιόμενος ἐνέκοψεν (sc. ἡ Σελήνη) ἐπὶ τὴν ἰδίαν ἐλθοῦσα ἐποχήν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκκεκομμένα εκκεκομμένον εκκοπή εκκοπηση εκκοπήση ἐκκοπήσῃ εκκοπήσονται εκκοπήτε εκκοπτεται εκκόπτεται ἐκκόπτεται εκκοπτομενου εκκόψαι εκκόψαισαν εκκόψας εκκόψατε εκκοψεις εκκόψεις ἐκκόψεις εκκόψετε εκκόψη εκκοψον έκκοψον ἔκκοψον εκκόψουσι εκκοψω εκκόψω ἐκκόψω εξεκοπης εξεκόπης ἐξεκόπης εξέκοψαν εξέκοψας εξέκοψε εξέκοψεν ekkopese ekkopēsē ekkopḗsei ekkopḗsēi ekkopseis ekkópseis ekkopso ekkopsō ekkópso ekkópsō ekkopson ékkopson ekkoptetai ekkóptetai exekopes exekopēs exekópes exekópēs
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