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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2106 - εὐδοκέω

Transliteration
eudokéō
Phonetics
yoo-dok-eh'-o  
Word Origin
from (2095) and (1380)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
2:738,273
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. it seems good to one, is one's good pleasure
    1. think it good, choose, determine, decide
    2. to do willingly
    3. to be ready to, to prefer, choose rather
  2. to be well pleased with, take pleasure in, to be favourably inclined towards one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2530 ‑ חָמַד (khaw‑mad');  2654 ‑ חָפֵץ (khaw‑fates');  3474 ‑ יָשַׁר (yaw‑shar');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  5753 ‑ עָוָה (aw‑vaw');  6345 ‑ פַּחְדָּה (pakh‑daw');  6743 ‑ צָלֵחַ (tsaw‑lakh', tsaw‑lay'‑akh);  6915 ‑ קָדַד (kaw‑dad');  7521 ‑ רָצָה (raw‑tsaw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (21) NAS (21) HCS (21)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
2 Peter 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
2 Peter 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
2 Peter 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 5
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 6
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-IAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 5
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3S 6
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 5
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 6
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-IAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
NA WH
V-AAI-1S 4
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-1S 5
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3S 5
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εὐδοκ-έω,

I

1. to be well pleased or content, Plb. 2.49.2, al.; ἐάν.. Id. 29.12.8: c. part., Id. 15.36.6: c. dat., to be content with, find pleasure in a person or thing, Id. 18.52.5, D.S. 17.47, D.H. 8.74; τῇ ἀδικίᾳ 2 Thessalonians 2:12; ἔν τινι LXX Isaiah 62:4, al., 2 Corinthians 12:10, al.; εἴς τινα 2 Peter 1:17; ἐπί τινι LXX Ju. 15.10: also c. acc., τινα ib. Genesis 33:10; [ ἐγγύους ] SIG 672.27 (Delph., ii B. C.); ἡ γῆ -ήσει τὰ σάββατα LXX Leviticus 26:34.

2. consent, approve, c. dat., τοῖς γεγραμμένοις PLond. 3.1168.15 (i A. D.), al.; τῇ δημοσιώσει POxy. 1273.40 (iii A. D.); also ἐπί τινι PTeb. 317.33 (ii A. D.), al.: freq. abs. in legal documents, PRyl. 120.24 (ii A. D.), etc.

3. c. inf., consent, agree to do, Plb. 1.78.8, al. (and c. acc. et inf., consent that.., Id. 1.8.4, LXX 2 Maccabees 14:35); to be ready, willing, PGrenf. 1.1.17 (ii B. C.), 1 Thessalonians 2:8. determine, resolve, Luke 12:32, etc.

4. to be content, happy, Phld. D. 1.1: also in Med., τῆς εὐδοκουμένης ζωῆς Id. Mort. 36.

5. Med., = Act. in signf. 1, ἐπί τινι Plb. 1.8.4; τινι Id. 3.31.6, D.S. 15.16 codd.; περί τινος Phld. Rh.Supp. p.44S.

II Pass., to be favoured, i.e. prosper, LXX 1 Chronicles 29:23 :

1. c. dat., find approval with, τισι Plb. 1.88.4, al.

2. to be approved, ὑπό τινων BGU 1157.12 (i B. C.). III of persons or things, to be well-pleasing or acceptable, find favour with, τινι Plb. 20.5.10, Max.Tyr. 32.5; τὰ -οῦντα ἑαυτῷ Phld. Rh.Supp. p.54 S. c. acc. et gen., deem worthy of, τινα τιμῆς PLond. 1.3.6 (ii B. C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

εὐδοκέω, εὐδοκῶ; imperfect 1 person plural εὐδοκοῦμεν (1 Thessalonians 2:8 (where WH after Vat. ἠυδοκουμεν; Winers Grammar, and Buttmann, as below)); 1 aorist εὐδόκησα and (in Hebrews 10:6, 8, L T Tr; 1 Corinthians 10:5 L Tr WH; Romans 15:26, 27 and 1 Thessalonians 3:1 T Tr WH; Matthew 12:18 T Tr; Matthew 3:17 T; Colossians 1:19 L marginal reading) ἠυδόκησα, cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 456 and 140; Winers Grammar, 71 (69); (Buttmann, 34 (30); Tdf. Proleg., p. 120; WH's Appendix, p. 162); (from εὖ aud δοκέω, cf. Fritzsche on Romans, ii., p. 370, who treats of the word fully and with his usual learning (cf. Winers Grammar, 101 (95))); the Sept. mostly for רָצָה; among Greek writers used especially by Polybius, Diodorus, and Dionysius Halicarnassus;

1. as in secular authors, followed by an infinitive, it seems good to one, is one's good pleasure; to think it good, choose, determine, decide: Luke 12:32; 1 Corinthians 1:21; Galatians 1:15; once followed by the accusative with an infinitive, Colossians 1:19 (cf. Lightfoot; Winers Grammar, § 64, 3 b.; Buttmann, § 129, 16); with the included idea of kindness accompanying the decision, Romans 15:26f; to do willingly what is signified by the infinitive, to be ready to, 1 Thessalonians 2:8; to prefer, choose rather (A. V. we thought it good), 1 Thessalonians 3:1; Sir. 25:16; more fully μᾶλλον εὐδοκῶ, 2 Corinthians 5:8.

2. by a usage peculiar to Biblical writers, followed by ἐν τίνι, to be well pleased with, take pleasure in, a person or thing (cf. Winers Grammar, 38, 232 (218); Buttmann, 185 (160)): Matthew 3:17; Matthew 12:18 Tr; ; Mark 1:11; Luke 3:22 (on the tense in the preceding passage cf. Winers Grammar, 278 (261); Buttmann, 198 (171)); 1 Corinthians 10:5; 2 Corinthians 12:10; 2 Thessalonians 2:12 R G L brackets; Hebrews 10:38 (בְּ חָפֵץ, 2 Samuel 22:20; Malachi 2:17; בְּ רָצָה, Psalm 149:4). followed by εἰς τινα (i. e. when directing the mind, turning the thoughts, unto), to be favorably inclined toward one (cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 5; Buttmann, § 133, 23): Matthew 12:18 R G; 2 Peter 1:17; with a simple accusative of person to be favorable to, take pleasure in (cf. Winer's Grammar, 222 (209)): Matthew 12:18 L T WH; with the accusative of the thing: Hebrews 10:6, 8 (Psalm 50:18, 21 (); Psalm 84:2 (); Genesis 33:10; Leviticus 26:34, 41); as in Greek writings also, with the dative of the person or thing with which one is well pleased: 2 Thessalonians 2:12 T Tr WH (see above); 1 Macc. 1:43; 1 Esdr. 4:39. (Compare: συνευδοκέω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

εὐ -δοκέω , -

(on the derivation, v. EL, § 28, 6),

[in LXX chiefly for H7521, also for H14, H2654, etc.;]

1. c. inf. (Polyb., al.), to be well pleased, to think it good, to give consent (so freq. in Papyri in legal documents; Milligan, Th., 22 f.): Luke 12:32, Romans 15:26-27, 1 Corinthians 1:21, Galatians 1:15, Colossians 1:19, R, mg. (ICC, in l, but v. infr.), 1 Thessalonians 2:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:1; μᾶλλον εὐ ., 2 Corinthians 5:8; c. acc et inf. (Polyb., i, 8, 4), Col, l.c., R, txt. (Lft., in l).

2. to be well pleased or take pleasure with or in a person or thing;

(a) c. dat. (Polyb., al.; 1 Maccabees 1:43, 1 Esdras 4:39): 2 Thessalonians 2:12;

(b) as freq. in LXX,

(α ) c. acc: Matthew 12:13, Hebrews 10:5; Hebrews 10:8 (LXX);

(β ) seq. ἐν (cf. Heb. H7521, Psalms 149:4): Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5, Mark 1:11, Luke 3:22 (on the tense, v. M, Pr., 134 f.; DCG, i,
308 b),
1 Corinthians 10:5, 2 Corinthians 12:10, Hebrews 10:38 (LXX);

(c) seq. εἰς : 2 Peter 1:17. (Cf. συν -ευδοκέω , and v. Cremer, 213 f.; Field, Notes, 48 f.; DCG, i, 355a.)†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

It may be well to illustrate somewhat at length the different constructions of this characteristically Jewish Greek verb. In P Lond 3.6 (B.C. 146 or 135) (= I. p. 46) ηὐδόκησάς με τῆς τιμ [ῆς τ ]οῦ ἡμίσους τοῦ [τρί ]του λογείας τῶν κειμένων νεκρῶν, the meaning apparently is, ";you have granted me the honour of the half of the third offering collected for the dead (mummies)."; The construction with the inf. to denote determination, as in Luke 12:32, comes out in P Tebt II. 591 (ii/iii A.D.) ὅτι οὐκ εὐδόνηκα (l. ηὐδόκηκα) οὐδένα πέμψαι ἐκθὲς οὐδὲ σήμερον, and to denote readiness, as in 1 Thessalonians 2:8, in P Grenf I. 1.17 (ii/B.C.) εὐδοκῶ ζήλῳ δουλεύειν, ";I have goodwill to serve thee zealously."; For the constr. with the dat., which is found in the best texts of 2 Thessalonians 2:12, cf. the common legal phrase εὐδοκῶ πᾶσι τοῖς προγεγραμμένοις as in P Lond 1168.15 (A.D. 18) (= III. p. 136), and such passages as P Oxy II. 261.17 (A.D. 55) εὐδοκεῖ γὰρ τῇδε τῇ συστάσει, ";for she gives her consent to this appointment,"; ib. IV. 725.47 (A.D. 183) [δ ]ὲ Ἡρακλᾶς εὐδοκῶν τούτοις πᾶσι, and ib. X. 1273.40 (A.D. 260) διὰ τὸ ἐντεῦθεν εὐδοκεῖν τῇ ἐσομένῃ δημοσιώσει, ";because both sides now agree to the future publication"; (Edd.), and for the constr. with ἐπί cf. P Oxy I. 94.15 (A.D. 83) εὐδοκεῖν γὰρ αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τούτο [ι ]ς, so ib. 97.18 (A.D. 115–6), ib. IV. 726.22 (A.D. 135), and P Tebt II. 317.33 (A.D. 174–5) εὐδοκῶ γὰρ ἐπὶ τούτοις ἵν [α ] , ";for I consent to these provisions"; (Edd.). We are unable to illustrate the Bibl. constr. with ἐν from our documents, but see Polyb ii. 12. 3. The verb is used absolutely in P Ryl II. 155.17 (A.D. 138–61) ε ] ̣δοκ ̣ῖν τὴν μητέρα Θασῆν, ";her mother Thases approves"; : cf. such an attesting signature as ib. 120.24 (A.D. 167) Ἑρμεῖνος ] Ἑρμέου εὐδοκῶ, and the phrase ἐξ εὐδοκούντων, ";by consent"; in P Tebt II. 382.3 (B.C. 30–A.D. 1), al. See also the marriage-contract P Oxy III. 496.8 (A.D. 127) where the husband is not allowed to dispose of certain property χωρὶς εὐδοκούσης τῆς γαμουμένης, ";without the consent of the bride"; : cf. Gradenwitz Einführung i. p. 160 ff. As showing the difficulty of getting an adequate translation for the verb, it may be mentioned that Plummer (2 Cor. p. 153) has pointed out that the Vg renders it in ten different ways in its fifteen occurrences in the Epp., and five different ways in the six occurrences in the Gospels, three of which differ from all the renderings in the Epp. On the derivation of εὐδοκέω straight from εὖ δοκεῖ, ";it pleases me well,"; fused into a closer union by usage, see Moulton Gr. ii, § 109.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ευδοκει ευδοκεί εὐδοκεῖ ευδοκησα ευδόκησα εὐδόκησα ευδοκήσαι ευδοκήσαί ευδοκήσαμεν εὐδοκήσαμεν ευδόκησαν εὐδόκησαν ευδοκησαντες ευδοκήσαντες εὐδοκήσαντες ευδοκησας ευδοκήσας ευδόκησας εὐδόκησας ευδόκησε ευδοκήσει ευδοκήσεις ευδοκησεν ευδόκησεν εὐδόκησεν ευδόκησον ευδοκήσουσι ευδοκήσουσιν ευδοκήσω ευδοκουμεν ευδοκούμεν εὐδοκοῦμεν ευδοκω ευδοκώ εὐδοκῶ ηυδοκησαμεν ηὐδοκήσαμεν ηυδοκησαν ηὐδόκησαν ηυδόκησεν eudokei eudokeî eudokesa eudokēsa eudókesa eudókēsa eudokesamen eudokēsamen eudokḗsamen eudokesan eudokēsan eudókesan eudókēsan eudokesantes eudokēsantes eudokḗsantes eudokesas eudokēsas eudókesas eudókēsas eudokesen eudokēsen eudókesen eudókēsen eudoko eudokô eudokō eudokō̂ eudokoumen eudokoûmen
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