the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7521 - רָצָה
1) to be pleased with, be favourable to, accept favourably
1a1) to be pleased with, be favourable to
1a2) to accept
1a3) to be pleased, be determined
1a4) to make acceptable, satisfy
1a5) to please
1b) (Niphal) to be accepted, be pleased with
1c) (Piel) to seek favour of
1d) (Hiphil) to please, pay off
1e) (Hithpael) to make oneself acceptable or pleasing
1455) yr (רתס RTs) AC: Crush CO: Potsherd AB: Desire: Broken pieces of pottery were commonly used as writing tablets as they were inexpensive and durable. These potsherds were commonly used to send messages from one person to another, usually carried by runners. (eng: earth; terra - with a reversal of letters; terrain)
V) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) - Crush: To crush something to pieces. Also an oppression or struggle as crushing. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: ssr] KJV (22): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) oppress, break, bruise, crush, discourage, struggle - Strongs: H7465 (רֹעָה), H7533 (רָצַץ), H7567 (רָשַׁשׁ)
Nf) yra (ארתס ARTs) - Land: The whole of the earth or a region. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qra] KJV (2526): earth, land, country, ground, world, way, common, field, nations, inferior - Strongs: H772 (אֲרַע), H776 (אֶרֶץ), H778 (אֲרַק)
V) eyr (רתסה RTsH) - Desire: KJV (57): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) accept, please, pleasure, delight, enjoy, favourable, acceptable, accomplish, affection, approve - Strongs: H7521 (רָצָה)
jm) nfyr (רתסונ RTsWN) - Will: Ones desire. From instructions that are written on potsherds. KJV (56): favour, will, acceptable, delight, pleasure, accepted, desire, acceptance, selfwill - Strongs: H7522 (רָצֹן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ר Ecclesiastes 9:7; suffix רָצָם Jeremiah 14:10; 1 singular וְרָצִאתִי Ezekiel 43:27 consecutive (metaplastic Ges§ 75rr; Aramaism, Krae; but Co וְרָצִיתִי), etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִרְצֶה Psalm 147:10 +, suffix יִרְצְךָ Malachi 1:8; 3 feminine singular jussive תִּ֫רֶץ Leviticus 26:43; 3 feminine plural תִּרְצֶנָה Proverbs 23:6 Kt ( < Qr תִּצֹּרְנָה, √ נצר, compare Toy), etc.; Imperative רְצֵה Psalm 40:14; Psalm 119:108; Infinitive construct רְצוֺת Proverbs 16:7; Psalm 77:8, etc.; Participle רוֺצֶה Psalm 147:11; Psalm 149:4, suffix רֹצָם Jeremiah 14:12; passive רְצוּי Esther 10:3, construct רְצוּי Deuteronomy 33:24; —
1 be pleased with, favourable to:
a. of God, with accusative of person Isaiah 42:1; Psalm 44:4; Psalm 147:11; Job 33:26; with accusative of thing Psalm 85:2; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Proverbs 16:7; Ecclesiastes 9:7; with ב person Psalm 149:4; ב of thing Psalm 147:10; Haggai 1:8; absolute Haggai 77:8.
b. of men: with accusative of person, subject father Malachi 1:8, "" אהב Proverbs 3:12; of brother Genesis 33:10 (JE), monarch 2 Chronicles 10:7; with accusative of thing Psalm 62:5; Psalm 102:15; Job 14:6; Proverbs 23:26 (but see above); with בְּ of thing 1 Chronicles 29:3; Psalm 49:14; עִם person Job 34:9; Psalm 50:18; passive participle רָצוּי favoured, acceptable to Deuteronomy 33:24 (poem), Esther 10:3.
2 accept: of God, with accusative of person, sacrificing, 2 Samuel 24:23; Hosea 8:13; Jeremiah 14:10,12; Ezekiel 20:40,41; Ezekiel 43:27; with accusative of sacrifice Deuteronomy 33:11; Malachi 1:10,13; Psalm 51:18; Psalm 119:108; with בְ of sacrifice Micah 6:7; absolute An1Micah 5:22.
3 be pleased:
a. determined, with infinitive Psalm 40:14.
b. with בּ person 1 Chronicles 28:4.
4 make acceptable, satisfy (by paying off debt), subject land, paying off its sabbaths (Di Dr and others accept, be satisfied with [in payment]) Leviticus 26:34,43; 2 Chronicles 36:21, with accusative of guilt incurred (עָוֺן) Leviticus 26:41,43 ( < point all these as
Hiph`il, so SS Gerber).
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִרְצָה Leviticus 1:4; Isaiah 40:2; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֵרָצֶה Leviticus 7:18 +, etc.; — 1 passive of Qal 2, be accepted, of sacrifices, with ל person, Leviticus 1:4; Leviticus 22:25; with ל of sacrifice Leviticus 22:23,27; absolute Leviticus 7:18; Leviticus 19:7. 2 passive of Qal 4:נִרְצָח עֲוֺנָהּ Isaiah 40:2 her punishment is accepted (as satisfactory).
Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְרַצּוּ Job 20:10, with accusative דַּלִּים seek the favour of the poor (but Bu SS Gerber from רצץ).
Hiph`il Perfect 3 feminine singular וְהִרְצָת (Ges§ 75m) consecutive Leviticus 26:34 the land shall pay off her sabbaths (accusative), compare Qal 4. Hithpa`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִתְרַצֵּה 1 Samuel 29:4 with what shall he make himself acceptable unto (אֶל) his lord? + 3 masculine plural יִתְרַצּוּ Hosea 4:10 ᵐ5 We Now (for ᵑ0יפרצּו) they shall not have delight.
רָצָה (Arab. رضا, رَضِىَ
(1) to be delighted with any person or thing (prop., I believe, to delight in the appearance; Germ. gern fehen; see under רָעָה No. 1, 3 ); followed by בְּ Psalms 49:14, 147:10 149:4 Isaiah 42:1 (where, from the preceding context, we must supply בּוֹ); followed by an acc. of pers. and thing, Psalms 102:15; Job 14:6; Jeremiah 14:10. Specially to receive graciously any one bringing gifts, Genesis 33:10; Malachi 1:8 God, the sacrifices and prayers of men, Psalms 51:18; Job 33:26; Ezekiel 20:40 compare Psalms 77:8; Amos 5:22 (where an accus. must be supplied). Followed by עִם of pers.; pregn. to delight in the association of any one, Psalms 50:18; Job 34:9 (comp. רָעָה No. 3). Followed by an inf., Psalms 40:14, רְצֵה לְהַצִּילֵנִי “be pleased to deliver me.” Part. pass. רָצוּי pleasant, agreeable to any one, Deuteronomy 33:24; Esther 10:3.
(2) i.q. Hiphil, to satisfy, to pay off, Leviticus 26:34, 41 Leviticus 26:41; 2 Chronicles 36:21.
(1) to be graciously accepted, as a sacrifice (see Kal No. 1), Leviticus 7:18, 19:7 22:23, 27 Leviticus 22:27 also 1:4 22:25, in which passages there is added a dative of benefit, לוֹ, לָכֶם. Of the same meaning is הָיָה לְרָצוֹן Leviticus 22:20.
(2) pass. of Kal No. 2 and Hiphil, to be paid off, Isaiah 40:2.
Piel, to make any one well pleased, i.e. to ask or seek his favour, Job 20:10, “his children shall seek the favour of the poor,” or, what comes much to the same thing, “shall conciliate (or reconcile themselves to) the poor,” by restoring the goods taken from them, compare Arab. رضا II. to conciliate.
Hiphil, to pay, to pay off, i.q. Talmud הִרְצָה (pr. to appease a creditor, compare the Germ. befriedigen, and the obsolete vergnügen, for to pay), Leviticus 26:34, “then the land shall lie waste, and shall pay the sabbaths (she owes).” Compare Kal No. 2 and Niphal.
Hithpael, to make oneself pleasing, to obtain any one’s favour, followed by אֶל 1 Samuel 29:4.
Derivatives, pr.n. [רִצְיָא] תִּרְצָה, and
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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