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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2206 - ζηλόω

Transliteration
zēlóō
Phonetics
dzay-lo'-o  
Word Origin
from (2205)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
2:882,297
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to burn with zeal
    1. to be heated or to boil with envy, hatred, anger
      1. in a good sense, to be zealous in the pursuit of good
    2. to desire earnestly, pursue
      1. to desire one earnestly, to strive after, busy one's self about him
      2. to exert one's self for one (that he may not be torn from me)
      3. to be the object of the zeal of others, to be zealously sought after
    3. to envy
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 833 ‑ אָשֵׁר (aw‑shar', aw‑share');  977 ‑ בָּחַר (baw‑khar');  5006 ‑ נָאַץ (naw‑ats');  7065 ‑ קָנָא (kaw‑naw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (11) HCS (12)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
James 1
Revelation 1
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
James 1
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 3
James 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAM-2S 2
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 3
V-PAS-2P 1
V-PPN 1
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 2
V-PAM-2S 1
V-PAS-2P 1
V-PPN 1
V-AAM-2S 1
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 3
V-PAS-2P 1
V-PPN 1
NA WH
V-PAS-2P 1
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-PAI-1S 2
V-PAI-2P 2
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 3
V-PAM-2S 1
V-PAS-2P 2
V-PPN 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ζηλ-όω, (ζῆλος):

I c. acc. pers., vie with, emulate, τινα Th. 2.37, Pl. R. 553a, Michel 1007.29 (Teos, ii B.C.):

1. Pass., Phld. Rh. 1.125S., etc.: c.acc. rei, Th. 2.64; in bad sense, to be jealous of, envy, ζηλοῖ δέ τε γείτονα γείτων Hes. Op. 23, cf. h.Cer. 168, 223, Theoc. 6.27; τὴν αὑτοῦ γυναῖκα LXX Si. 9.1: abs., to be jealous, 1 Corinthians 13:4; ζηλώσαντες through jealousy, Acts 7:9. c. acc. pers., to be jealous for, LXX Numbers 11:29.

2. esteem or pronounce happy, admire, praise, τινά τινος one for a thing, S. El. 1027, Isoc. 4.91; ζηλῶ σε τῆς εὐβουλίας Ar. Ach. 1008 (lyr.); τῆς εὐγλωττίας Id. Eq. 837; τῆς εὐτυχίας τὸν πρέσβυν Id. V. 1450 (lyr.); τοῦ πλούτου X. Smp. 4.45; τινὰ ἐπί τισι IG 12(5).860.47 (Tenos, i B.C.): more rarely, ζ. τινά τι S. Aj. 552; ζ. σε ὁθούνεκα.. A. Pr. 332; τὴν πόλιν, ὅτι.. X. HG 6.5.45; πολλά σε ζηλῶ βίου, μάλιστα δ' εἰ.. S. Fr. 584: c. part., σε ζ. θανόντα πρὶν κακῶν ἰδεῖν βάθος A. Pers. 712 (troch.), cf. E. Or. 521: iron., ζηλῶ[]σε happy in your ignorance! Id. Med. 60; ὑμῶν οὐ ζηλοῦμεν τὸ ἄφρον Th. 5.105: Pass., to be deemed fortunate, ὑπό τινων Pl. Phdr. 232a.

II c. acc.rei, desire emulously, strive after, affect, ὁ μὲν δόξης ἐπιθυμεῖ καὶ τοῦτ' ἐζήλωκε D. 2.15; ἀρετήν Id. 20.141; ἀστρολογίαν Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.53U.; μάθησιν PSI 1.94.9 (ii A.D.); πίστιν Cod.Just. 1.1.3.2: Pass., ἡ ἀρετὴ ὑπὸ πάντων τῶν ἀνθρώπων ζηλοῦται Lys. 2.26; τὰ ζηλούμενα Arist. Rh. 1360b34.

III also of persons, pay zealous court to, Galatians 4:17 : Pass., ib.18.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ζηλεύω; equivalent to ζηλόω, which see;

1. to envy, be jealous: Simplicius in Epictetus c. 26, p. 131, Salinas edition. (c. 19, 2, p. 56, 34 Didot) οὐδείς τῶν τ' ἀγαθόν τό ἀνθρώπινον ζητούντων φθονει ζηλευει πότε.

2. in a good sense, to imitate emulously, strive after: ἔργα ἀρετῆς, οὐ λόγους, Demosthenes quoted in Stab. flor. app. 14, 7, iv. 384, Gaisf. edition; intransitive, to be full of zeal for good, be zealous: Revelation 3:19 L T Tr text WH, for Rec. ζήλωσον (cf. WH's Appendix, p. 171).

STRONGS NT 2206: ζηλόω ζηλόω, ζήλῳ; 1 aorist ἐζήλωσα; present passive infinitive ζηλοῦσθαι; (ζῆλος, which see); the Sept. for קִנֵּא; to burn with zeal;

1. absolutely, to be heated or to boil (A. V. to be moved) with envy, hatred, anger: Acts 7:9; Acts 17:5 (where Griesbach omits ζηλώσαντες); 1 Corinthians 13:4; James 4:2; in a good sense, to be zealous in the pursuit of good, Revelation 3:19 R G Tr marginal reading (the aorist ζήλωσον marks the entrance into the mental state, see βασιλεύω, at the end; ἐζηλωσε, he was seized with indignation, 1 Macc. 2:24).

2. transitive, τί, to desire earnestly, pursue: 1 Corinthians 12:31; 1 Corinthians 14:1, 39, (Sir. 51:18; Thucydides 2, 37; Euripides, Hec. 255; Demosthenes 500, 2; others); μᾶλλον δέ, namely, ζηλοῦτε, followed by ἵνα, 1 Corinthians 14:1 (Buttmann, 237 (205); cf. Winer's Grammar, 577 (537)). τινα, a. to desire one earnestly, to strive after, busy oneself about him: to exert oneself for one (that he may not be torn from me), 2 Corinthians 11:2; to seek to draw over to one's side, Galatians 4:17 (cf. ἵνα, II. 1 d.); to court one's good will and favor, Proverbs 23:17; Proverbs 24:1; Psalm 36:1 ()1; so in the passive to be the object of the zeal of others, to be zealously sought after: Galatians 4:18 (here Tr marginal reading ζηλουσθε, but cf. WH. Introductory § 404).

b. to envy one: Genesis 26:14; Genesis 30:1; Genesis 37:11; Hesiod app. 310; Homer Cer. 168, 223; and in the same sense, according to some interpretations, in Acts 7:9; but there is no objection to considering ζηλώσαντες here as used absolutely (see 1 above (so A. V. (not R. V.))) and τόν Ἰωσήφ as depending on the verb ἀπέδοντο alone. (Compare: παραζηλόω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ζηλόω , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7065 pi.;]

1. to burn with envy or jealousy, to be jealousy: absol., Acts 7:9; Acts 17:5, 1 Corinthians 13:4, James 4:2 (R, mg., cf. Mayor, in l).

2. to seek or desire eagerly: c. acc rei, 1 Corinthians 12:31; 1 Corinthians 14:1; 1 Corinthians 14:39 (cf. Sirach 50:18, Wisdom of Solomon 1:12); c. acc pers., 2 Corinthians 11:2, Galatians 4:17; pass., Galatians 4:18.†

* ζηλεύω ,

late and rare form of ζηλόω , q.v.;

1. to envy, be jealous.

2. to be zealous: Revelation 3:19.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ζηλόω c. acc., as in Acts 7:9 according to the RV rendering (cf. Galatians 4:17), see PSI I. 94.9 (ii/A.D.) ζηλοῖ γὰρ τὴν μάθησιν, and from the inscrr. Michel 394.47 (mid. i/B.C.) ἐφ᾽ οἷς οὐχ ἧττον ὁ δῆμος [ζ ]ηλοῖ αὐτόν, and ib. 1007.29 (ii/B.C.) καὶ ζηλῶσιν αὐτοὺς οἱ ἐπιγινόμενοι Ἐχιναδῶν. The compound ζηλοτυπέω may be illustrated from P Oxy III. 472.11 (c. A.D. 130) ἐζηλοτύπει αὐτὴν μὴ ἐπισταμένην, ";he was jealous of her without her knowledge"; (Edd.) : cf. for the subst. Numbers 5:15 θυσία ζηλοτυπίας.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εζήλωκα εζήλωσα εζήλωσαν εζήλωσε ζηλευε ζήλευε ζηλοι ζηλοί ζηλοῖ ζηλοίς ζήλου ζηλουσθαι ζηλούσθαι ζηλοῦσθαι ζηλουσιν ζηλούσιν ζηλοῦσιν ζηλουτε ζηλούτε ζηλοῦτε ζηλούτω ζηλω ζηλῶ ζήλω ζηλών ζηλώσαι ζηλώσαί ζηλωσαντες ζηλώσαντες ζηλώσει ζηλώσεως ζηλώση ζηλώσης ζήλωσον ζηλώσω zeleue zēleue zḗleue zelo zelô zēlō zēlō̂ zeloi zeloî zēloi zēloî zelosantes zelṓsantes zēlōsantes zēlṓsantes zelousin zeloûsin zēlousin zēloûsin zelousthai zeloûsthai zēlousthai zēloûsthai zeloute zeloûte zēloute zēloûte
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