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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2385 - Ἰάκωβος

Transliteration
Iákōbos
Phonetics
ee-ak'-o-bos  
Word Origin
the same as (2384) Graecised
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
James = "supplanter"
  1. son of Zebedee, an apostle and brother of the apostle John, commonly called James the greater or elder, slain by Herod, Acts
  2. an apostle, son of Alphaeus, called the less
  3. James the half-brother of Christ
  4. an unknown James, father of the apostle Judas (?)
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (42) NAS (42) HCS (41)
Matthew 6
Mark 13
Luke 8
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 3
James 1
Jude 1
Matthew 6
Mark 13
Luke 8
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 3
James 1
Jude 1
Matthew 6
Mark 14
Luke 8
Acts 7
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 3
James 1
Jude 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASM 16
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 17
N-NSM 11
N-ASM 16
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 13
N-NSM 10
N-ASM 16
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 13
N-NSM 11
NA WH
N-ASM 16
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 13
N-NSM 10
N-ASM 16
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 13
N-NSM 11


Thayer's Expanded Definition

Ἰάκωβος, Ἰακώβου, (see the preceding word (and cf. Buttmann, 6, 18 (16))), James;

1. son of Zebedee, an apostle, and brother of the apostle John (commonly called James the greater or elder). He was slain with the sword by the command of king Herod Agrippa I. (circa A.D. 44): Matthew 4:21; Matthew 10:2 (); ; Mark 1:19, 29; Mark 3:17; Mark 5:37; Mark 9:2; Mark 10:35, 41; Mark 13:3; Mark 14:33; Luke 5:10; Luke 6:14; Luke 8:51; Luke 9:28, 54; Acts 1:13; Acts 12:2.

2. James (commonly called the less), an apostle, son of Alphaeus: Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13; apparently identical with Ἰάκωβος μικρός James the little (A. V. the less), the son of Mary, Mark 15:40 (Matthew 27:56); , wife of Cleophas (i. e. Clopas, which see) or Alphaeus, John 19:25; see in Ἁλφαῖος, and in Μαρία, 3.

3. James, the brother of our Lord (see ἀδελφός, 1): Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3; Galatians 1:19 (where εἰ μή is employed according to a usage illustrated under εἰ, III. 8 c. β'.); ; Acts 12:1?; ; 1 Corinthians 15:7 (?); James 1:1, the leader of the Jewish Christians, and by them surnamed δίκαιος the Just, the overseer (or bishop) of the church at Jerusalem down to the year 62 or 63 (or according to Hegesippus in Eusebius, h. e. 2, 23 (translated in B. D., p. 1206) down to 69, which is hardly probable (see Heinichen's note at the passage)), in which year he suffered martyrdom, Josephus, Antiquities 20, 9, 1. In opposition to the orthodox opinion (defended in B. D. under the word ), which identifies this James with James the son of Alphaeus, and understands ἀδελφός τοῦ κυρίου to mean his cousin, cf. especially Clemen in Winer's Zeitschr. f. wissensch. Theol. for 1829, p. 351ff; Blom, Diss. de τοῖς ἀδελφοῖς ... τοῦ κυρίου. Lugd. 1839; Wilib. Grimm in Ersch u. Gruber's Encycl., Sect. 2, vol. 23, p. 80ff; Schaff, Das Verhältniss des Jacobus, Bruders des Herrn, zu Jacobus Alphäi. Beth 1842 (also his Church Hist. (1882) i., 272f); Hilgenfeld, Galaterbrief etc., p. 138ff; Hausrath in Sehenkel iii., p. 175ff; (Sieffert in Herzog edition 2, vi., 464ff; and references under the word ἀδελφός, 1 (especially Lightfoot)).

4. An unknown James, father of the apostle Judas (or Jude): Luke 6:16; Acts 1:13, according to the opinion of those interpreters who think that not ἀδελφόν but υἱόν must be supplied in the phrase Ιουδαν Ἰακώβου; see Ἰούδας, 8.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

Ἰάωβος , -ου ,

(Heb., v. previous word),

James;

1. Son of Zebedee: Matthew 4:21, Mark 1:19; Mark 1:29, Acts 1:13; Acts 12:2, al.

2. Son of Alphæus: Matthew 10:3, Mark 2:14, al.; commonly identified with . ὁ μικρός , James the little, son of Mary (see Μαρία , 3; Κλωπᾶς ), Matthew 27:56, Mark 15:40; Mark 16:1 (cf. John 19:25).

3. The Lord's brother (see ἀδελφός ): Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3, Acts 12:17, al., 1 Corinthians 15:7 (probably), Galatians 1:19; Galatians 2:9; Galatians 2:12, James 1:1, Judges 1:1.

4. The father of the apostle, Ἰούδας Ἰακώβου : Luke 6:16, Acts 1:13.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This Graecized form of the Hebr. Ἰακώβ (see supra) with the spelling Ἰάκουβος is found in P Oxy II. 276.5 (A.D. 77), where we hear of a Jew, son of Jacob (Ἰακούβου), as steersman on a cargo-boat : cf. BGU III. 715ii. 11 (A.D. 101–2) Σαμβαθ (ίων) Ἰακούβου, and 1 Esdras 9:48 A.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Ιακωβον Ἰάκωβον ΙΑΚΩΒΟΣ Ἰάκωβος Ιακωβου Ἰακώβου Ιακωβω Ἰακώβῳ Iakobo Iakōbō Iakṓboi Iakṓbōi Iakobon Iakōbon Iákobon Iákōbon IAKoBOS IAKŌBOS Iákobos Iákōbos Iakobou Iakōbou Iakṓbou
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