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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2397 - ἰδέα

Word Origin
from (1492)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. form, external appearance
  2. aspect, look
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1823 ‑ דְּמוּת (dem‑ooth');  4758 ‑ מַרְאֶה (mar‑eh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS ( 0 ) HCS (1)
Matthew 1
Matthew 4
Mark 8
John 14
Galatians 1
Matthew 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἰδέα [],

Ion. ἰδέη, ἡ, (ἰδεῖν)


1. form, ἰδέᾳ καλός Pi. O. 10(11).103, cf. Theoc. 29.6; τὴν ἰ. πάνυ καλός Pl. Prt. 315e; τὴν ἰ. μοχθηρός And. 1.100, cf. Ar. Av. 1000; ἰδέην ὁρέων Hdt. 1.80; opp. χρῶμα, Id. 4.109; opp. μέγεθος, Pl. Phd. 109b (pl.); ἡ ἰ. αὐτοῦ ἦν ὡς ἀστραπή Matthew 28:3, etc.; of the elementary shapes, ἄτομοι ἰδέαι Democr. ap. Plu. 2.1111a codd., cf. Fr. 141 D.; of the four elements, Philistion ap. Anon.Lond. 20.25.

2. semblance, opp. reality, γνώμην ἐξαπατῶσ' ἰδέαι outward appearances cheat the mind, Thgn. 128.

3. kind, sort, φύλλα τοιῆσδε ἰδέης Hdt. 1.203; φύσιν παρέχονται ἰδέης τοιήνδε [οἱ ποτάμιοι ἵπποι ] Id. 2.71; ἐφρόνεον διφασίας ἰ. they conceived two modes of acting, Id. 6.100, cf. 119; τὰ ὄργι' ἐστὶ τίν' ἰ. ἔχοντά σοι; what is their nature or fashion? E. Ba. 471; ἑτέραν ὕμνων ἰ. Ar. Ra. 384; καινὰς ἰ. εἰσφέρειν new forms of comedy, Id. Nu. 547; τίς ἰ. βουλεύματος; Id. Av. 993; πᾶσα ἰ. θανάτου every form of death, or death in every form, Th. 3.81, cf. 83, 2.51; πολλαὶ ἰ. πολέμων Id. 1.109; ἡ ὑπάρχουσα ἰ. τῆς παρασκευῆς Id. 4.55; πᾶσαν ἰδέαν πειράσαντες having tried every way, Id. 2.19; τῇ αὐτῇ ἰ. Id. 3.62, 6.76; οὐκ ἐν ταῖς αὐταῖς ἰ. not in the same relations, Isoc. 3.44: εἰς μίαν τινὰ ἰ. into one kind of existence, Pl. Tht. 184d; ἄλλη ἰ. πολιτείας Id. R. 544c, etc.; ἀγοραίας.. ἰδέας τοῦ βίου Epicur. Fr. 196.

4. esp. in Rhet., etc., of literary form, ἀμφοτέραις ταῖς ἰδέαις κατεχρήσαντο πρὸς τὴν ποίησιν Isoc. 2.48, cf. 15.47,183; ἡ ἰαμβικὴ ἰ. Arist. Po. 1449b8, cf. 1450b34, Rh.Al. 1425a9, etc.; ἡ ἐν τῷ λέγειν ἰ. Phld. Rh. 2.258 S. style, Πλατωνική, Δημοσθενικὴ ἰ., Syrian. in Hermog. 1.112 R. a quality of style (e.g. σαφήνεια, γοργότης, etc.), Hermog. Id. tit., etc.


1. in Logic,= εἶδος, class, kind: hence, principle of classification, ἔφησθα.. μιᾷ ἰδέᾳ τά τε ἀνόσια ἀνόσια εἶναι καὶ τὰ ὅσια ὅσια Pl. Euthphr. 6d, cf. Phdr. 265d. Sph. 253d, etc.

2. pl. in Platonic Philosophy, ideal forms, archetypes, τὰς.. ἰ. νοεῖσθαι μέν, ὁρᾶσθαι δ' οὔ Id. R. 507b, cf. 596b,al., Arist. Metaph. 990a34, al., EN 1096a17: also in sg., ἡ τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ ἰ. Pl. R. 508e, al., cf. εἶδος.

3. notion, idea, προάγειν τὸν ἀποκρινόμενον ἐπὶ τὴν ἰ. ἀγνοουμένου πράγματος Nausiph. 2. (Written εἰδέα in later Greek, as PGen. 16.17 (iii A.D.), v.l. in Matthew 28:3.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

εἰδέα, ἐιδεας, , Matthew 28:3 T Tr WH, a poetic form for ἰδέα, which see (cf. WH's Appendix, p. 153) (Baruch 6 (epistle of Jer.) 62; Aristophanes Thesm. 438 variant). Cf. Buttmann, 5; (Winers Grammar, 48 (47); see εἰ ).

STRONGS NT 2397: ἰδέα ἰδέα, ἰδεας, (from εἶδον, ἰδεῖν), form, external appearance; aspect, look: Matthew 28:3 (T Tr WH εἰδέα, which see), cf. Alberti, Observations, at the passage; (Tdf. Proleg., p. 81). (Greek writings from Pindar and Herodotus down; 2 Macc. 3:16; for דְּמוּת Genesis 5:3.) (Cf. Schmidt, chapter 182, 3.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἰδέα , -ας , , see εἰδέα .


(Rec. ἰδ -, as in cl.; v. Tdf., Pr., 81), -ας ,

(< εἶδον ),

[in LXX (v.l. ἰδ -): Genesis 5:3 (H1823), Da TH Daniel 1:13; Daniel 1:15 (H4758), Ep. Je.63, 2 Maccabees 3:16*;]

form, appearance, look: Matthew 28:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT


P Oxy X. 1277.10 (A.D. 255) προσκεφάλαια. . λινᾶ τῆς αὐτῆς εἰδαίας (l. ἰδέας), ";of the same quality"; (Edd.), and the magical papyrus P Lond 121.760 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 108) ἵνα πᾶσαν εἰδέαν ἀποτελέσῃς. Note εἰ – for –, as in Matthew 28:3, and cf. the cognate forms εἶδος and εἴδωλον. Ἰδέα comes from *ϝ ιδεσα (Boisacq, p. 220) : see also s.v. ἴσος. On the AV translation ";countenance"; in Mt l.c. see Field Notes, p. 22. The word in MGr = ";thought,"; ";idea.";


This poetic form, which in the NT is confined to Matthew 28:3, is found in P Gen I. 16.17 (A.D. 207) (= Chrest I. p. 417) καὶ διὰ αὐτὸ τ [ο ]ῦτο τὸ (om.) μέρος πάντα τὰ ὑποστέλλοντα τῇ κώμῃ πάμπολλα ὄντα ἀποδ [ ]δοται ἕνεκ [α ] τοῦ μὴ ἔχιν τὴν κώμην μήτε ἰδι [ω ]τικὴν γῆν μήτε βασ [ιλ ]ικὴν μηδὲ ἄλλην εἰδέαν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ειδεα εἰδέα ιδέα ιδέαι ιδέαν ιδιοποιείτο eidea eidéa
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the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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