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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3088 - λύχνος

Transliteration
lýchnos
Phonetics
lookh'-nos  
Word Origin
from the base of (3022)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
4:324,542
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a lamp, candle, that is placed on a stand or candlestick
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5216 ‑ נֵרָה (neer, neer, nare, nare, nay‑raw');  5216 ‑ נֵרָה (neer, neer, nare, nare, nay‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (14) NAS (14) HCS (14)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 6
John 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 6
John 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 6
John 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 6
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 6
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 6
NA WH
N-ASM 3
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 6
V-PAI-3S 1
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 6


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

λύχνος, ὁ,

pl. λύχνοι Batr. 180, Ar. Eq. 1315, Antiph. 70, 152, PPetr. 2p.72 (iii B. C.): freq. also λύχνα, Hdt. 2.62, 133, E. Cyc. 514 (lyr.), Call. Hec. 1.4.11, etc., prob. in Alc. 41.1. (Fr. λυκ - sno -, cf. Λύκη):

I

1. portable light, lamp, χρύσεος λ. Od. 19.34; λύχνα καίειν, ἀνάπτειν, light lamps, Hdt. ll. cc.; ἅπτε, παῖ, λ. Ar. Numbers 18:1-32; λύχνους ἅπτειν to have an illumination, Arr. Epict. 2.17.37; λύχνους ἀποσβέσαι Ar. Pl. 668; λ. ἀπεσβήκει had been put out, Pl. Smp. 218b; περὶ λύχνων ἁφάς about lamp-lighting time, i. e. towards nightfall, Hdt. 7.215, D.S. 19.31; πάννυχος λ. παρακαίεται lamps are kept burning all night, Hdt. 2.130; καύσεις λύχνων Sammelb. 1161.14 (i B. C.); ἔλαιον ἡμῖν οὐκ ἔνεστ' ἐν τῷ λύχνῳ Ar. Nu. 56; cf. κεράτινος.

2. in pl., οἱ λύχνοι or τὰ λύχνα the lamp-market, οὑκ τῶν λ. ib. 1065.

II a fish, Str. 17.2.4, Hsch.; cf. Lat. lucerna, Plin. HN 9.82.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

λύχνος, λύχνου, , the Sept. for נֵר (from Homer down); a lamp, candle (?), that is placed on a stand or candlestick (Latincandelabrum) (cf. Trench, N. T. Synonyms, § xlvi.; Becker, Charicles, Sc. ix. (English translation, p. 156 n. 5)): Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21; (Luke 11:36); ; Revelation 22:5; φῶς λύχνου, Revelation 18:23; opposed to φῶς ἡλίου, Revelation 22:5 L T Tr WH; ά῾πτειν λύχνον ((Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33; Luke 15:8), see ἅπτω, 1). To a lamp are likened — the eye, λύχνος τοῦ σώματος, i. e. which shows the body which way to move and turn, Matthew 6:22; Luke 11:34; the prophecies of the O. T., inasmuch as they afforded at least some knowledge relative to the glorious return of Jesus from heaven down even to the time when by the Holy Spirit that same light, like the day and the daystar, shone upon the hearts of men, the light by which the prophets themselves had been enlightened and which was necessary to the full perception of the true meaning of their prophecies, 2 Peter 1:19; to the brightness of a lamp that cheers the beholders a teacher is compared, whom even those rejoiced in who were unwilling to comply with his demands, John 5:35; Christ, who will hereafter illumine his followers, the citizens of the heavenly kingdom, with his own glory, Revelation 21:23.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λύχνος , -ου , ,

[in LXX for H5216 (Exodus 25:37), al.);]

a lamp (portable, and usually set on a stand, λυχνία ): Matthew 5:15, Luke 11:36; ἔρχεται ὁ λ ., Mark 4:21; λ . ἅπτειν Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33; Luke 15:8; φῶς λύχνου , Revelation 18:23; id. opp. to φ .ἡλίου , Revelation 22:5; metaph., of the eye, Matthew 6:22 Luke 11:34; of John the Baptist, John 5:35; of the Lamb, Revelation 21:23; of prophecy, 2 Peter 1:19; of spiritual readiness, pl., λύχνοι (as always in LXX; freq. in Att.. λύχνα ), Luke 12:35.†

SYN.: λαμπάς G2985, q.v.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt I. 88.12 (B.C. 115–4) εἴς τε τὰς θυσίας καὶ λύχνων ἁφῶν (l. ἁφάς), ";for sacrifices and the lighting of lamps,"; P Oxy XII. 1453.18 (B.C. 30–29) τὸ καθῆκον ἔλαιον εἰς τοὺς καθ᾽ ἡμέραν λύχνους καομένους ἐν τοῖς σημαινομένοις ἱεροῖς, ";the proper oil for the daily lamps burning in the temples signified"; (Edd.), P Lond 193 verso.29 (ii/A.D.) (= II. p. 246) λύχνον διφανιν (όν) ";a lamp with a double light"; (Ed.), ib. 1177.74 (A.D. 113) (= III. p. 183) ἐλαίου κ ̣α [ ]σεως λύχνων τοῖς διὰ νυκτὸς ἐργαζομένοις, BGU I. 22.28 (A.D. 114) (= Selections, p. 76) ἄρας τὸν λύχνον μου ἀνέβη εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν μου, and P Leid Wviii. 6 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐνλ (= ἐλλ)υχνιάσας λύχνον καθαρόν καινόν, ἔπιθες ἐπὶ τὸν λύχνον τὸν πόδα ἱπποποταμίου (l. μου).

For λυχναψία, an Egyptian lamp-festival, cf. P Amh II. 70i. 10 (between A.D. 114 and 117) (= Chrest. I. p. 176), and for λυχνάπτης ( –τος) cf. P Oxy XII. 1453.4 (B.C. 30–29) with the editors’ note : see also Otto Priester i. p. 10. The compound ὑπολύχνιον, ";lamp-stand,"; is found in P Oxy XIV. 1645.10 (A.D. 308).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
λυχνοι λύχνοι λύχνοις λυχνον λύχνον λυχνος λύχνος λυχνου λύχνου λύχνους λυχνω λύχνω λύχνῳ luchno luchnō luchnoi luchnon luchnos luchnou lychno lychnō lychnoi lýchnoi lýchnōi lychnon lýchnon lychnos lýchnos lychnou lýchnou
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