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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3117 - μακρός

Transliteration
makrós
Phonetics
mak-ros'  
Word Origin
from (3372)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. long
    1. of place: remote, distant, far off
    2. of time: long, long lasting
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 752 ‑ אָרֹךְ (aw‑roke');  753 ‑ אֹרֶךְ (o'‑rek);  7235 ‑ רָבָה (raw‑baw');  7350 ‑ רָחֹק (raw‑khoke', raw‑khoke');  7350 ‑ רָחֹק (raw‑khoke', raw‑khoke');  7350 ‑ רָחֹק (raw‑khoke', raw‑khoke');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (4)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 3
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 3
Mark 1
Luke 3
BYZ TIS TR
A-APN 3
A-ASF 3
A-APN 2
A-ASF 3
A-APN 3
A-ASF 3
NA WH
A-APN 2
A-ASF 1
A-APN 2
A-ASF 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μακρός, ά, όν

[ by nature], long, whether of Space or Time,

I of Space,

1 in length, long, δόρυ Il. 7.140; νέες, νῆες μ. ships of war, Hdt. 7.21, Th. 1.41, etc. (collect. in sg., A. Pers. 380); πλοῖα μ. Hdt. 5.30, Th. 1.14; ἐπὶ τὰ -ότερα measured by the longer sides, i. e. length-wise, Hdt. 1.50; τὰ μ. τείχη the long walls of Athens, Th. 8.71, etc.; ἐν τῷ μακρῷ σκέλει τῷ πὸτ τῷ Ποτειδανίῳ SIG 247 iii 11 (Delph., iv B. C.); ἡ μακρά (sc. γραμμή), line traced by δικασταί to indicate the heavier penalty, Ar. V. 106; ὁ μ. δρόμος the long-distance torch-race, SIG 1068.9 (Patmos, iii/ii B. C.), al., OGI 339.83 (Sestos, ii B. C.).

2. in height, tall, high, μ. Ὄλυμπος, οὔρεα, δένδρεα, κίων, Il. 15.193, 13.18, 9.541, Od. 1.127, etc.; of a man, μακρότερον καὶ πάσσονα θῆκεν ἰδέσθαι 8.20, cf. 18.195; μ. πύκτης PLond. 3.1158.6 (iii A. D.). reversely, deep, φρείατα Il. 21.197; φάραγξ Herod. 8.17.

3. in distance, long, far, remote, κέλευθος Il. 15.358; οἶμος Hes. Op. 290; ναυτιλίαι Hdt. 1.1; στόλος S. Ph. 490; μ. ἐπιβοήθειαι long marches to aid, X. Cyr. 5.4.47; remote, ἀποικία A. Pr. 814; τὰ μακρότατα the remotest parts, Hdt. 2.32: freq. in neut. sg. and pl. as Adv., μακρὰ βιβάς, βιβάσθων, with long strides, Il. 7.213, 13.809; μακρὰ ῥίψαις, δισκήσαις, Pi. P. 1.45, I. 2.35; - ότερον σφενδονᾶν X. An. 3.4.16; μακρὸν ἀῧσαι, βοᾶν, to shout so as to be heard afar, i. e. loudly, Il. 3.81, 2.224; μακρὰ μεμυκώς 18.580; μακρὸν ἠχεῖν Pl. Prt. 329a; κλάειν σε μακρὰ κελεύσας Ar. Eq. 433 (v. κλαίω and infr. v); later by analogy, μακρὰ χαίρειν φράσας τῷ ναυπηγῷ Luc. Nav. 2, cf. Apol. 3, al., D.C. 46.3; cf. μακράν.

4. generally, large in size or degree, great, ἤπειρος A. Eu. 75; ὄλβος Pi. P. 2.26; πλοῦτος S. Aj. 130; τιμήματα Arist. Pol. 1278a23, cf. 1297b4 (Sup.); οὐσία ib. 1290b16, 1321a11; μακροτέρα ἀρετά Pi. I. 4(3).13; ἐλπίσαντες μακρότερα μὲν τῆς δυνάμεως, ἐλάσσω δὲ τῆς βουλήσεως Th. 3.39; μ. τραπεζῖται, perh. big bankers, Cat.Cod. Astr. 7.222.

5. dat. μακρῷ, to strengthen Comp. and Sup., by far, μ. πρῶτος Hdt. 1.34; ἄριστος μ. Id. 9.71; ἀσθενεστέρα μ. A. Pr. 514, cf. Pl. Phlb. 66e; μ. μάλιστα Hdt. 1.171, cf. A. Eu. 30, etc.; κάκιστα δὴ μ. S. Ant. 895: also with Verbs implying comparison, ἀριστεύει μ. A. Pr. 890 (lyr.), cf. D.H. 1.2.

II

1. of Time, long (Hom. only in Od.), ἤματα, νύξ, 10.470, 11.373; αἰών v. l. in Pi. N. 3.75; μ. χρόνος Hdt. 1.32, etc.; οὐ μ. χρόνου for no long time, S. Ant. 1078, etc.; διὰ μ. χρόνου A. Pers. 741 (troch.); ἐν χρόνῳ μ. S. OC 88, etc.; δι' αἰῶνος μ. A. Supp. 582 (lyr.); τὸν μ. βίον Id. Pr. 449; τοῦ μ. βίου S. Aj. 473; μηνὶ -ότερος by a month, Hdt. 1.32; μακρῷ (cf. 1.5) πρότερον Gal. 8.958; μ. ἐέλδωρ a long-cherished wish, Od. 23.54; μ. γόοι, ὀδύρματα, S. El. 375, E. Hec. 297.

2. long, tedious, Pi. N. 4.33, etc.; λόγοι S. El. 1335, Th. 3.60, etc.; μακρὰν ἔοικε λέξειν (sc. ῥῆσιν) Ar. Th. 382; οὐδὲ εἷς Ὅμηρον εἴρηκεν μακρόν Philem. 97.7; μακρόν [ἐστι ] c. inf., Lat. longum est, Pi. I. 6(5).56; μ. ἂν εἴη γράφειν X. Ages. 7.1. Adv. - ρῶς, λέγεσθαι Antiph. 268: Comp. - ότερον, ποιεῖς you are taking too long, PCair.Zen. 48.4 (iii B. C.), cf. Philippid. 21.

3. Gramm., long in quantity, φωνήεντα Arist. Po. 1458a11, D.H. Comp. 15; μακρά (sc. συλλαβή), , A.D. Pron. 92.12; ἡ φύσει μ. Id. Adv. 179.16: Comp., φωνήεντι μακροτέρῳ Arist. Po. 1458a1; also μακρά (sc. προσῳδία), , mark of long quantity, S.E. M. 1.113, D.T. Supp. 674.7; ᾱ μακρόν A.D. Pron. 112. 6.

III

1. neut. with Preps. in adverb. sense, διὰ μακροῦ (sc. χρόνου) after a long time, long delayed, E. Hec. 320, Ph. 1069; οὐ διὰ μακροῦ not long after, Th. 6.15, 91, Pl. Alc. 2.151b (also of place, οὐ διὰ μ. τῆς Ῥώμης D.H. 9.56); διὰ μακρῶν E. Fr. 420.1; διὰ μακρᾶς Phalar. 69.1; but διὰ μακρῶν at great length, Pl. Grg. 449b, etc.; διὰ μακροτέρων Isoc. 4.106; μικρῷ διὰ μ. at somewhat greater length, Arist. Pol. 1279b11.

2. ὄλβος οὐκ ἐς μακρὸν ἔρχεται for no long time, Pi. P. 3.105; ἐς τὰ μακρότατα to the utmost, Th. 6.31; v. cross μακράν 11.

3. ἐπὶ μακρόν far, a long way, πορεύεσθαι X. Cyr. 5.4.47; of Time, Call. Del. 255; ὅσον ἐπὶ μακρότατον οἷοί τε ἐγενόμεθα ἐξικέσθαι ἀκοῇ Hdt. 4.16, cf. 2.34 (ἐπὶ omitted 1.171 codd.); τοσόνδε ἐπὶ μ. ἐπυθόμην Id. 2.29; ἐπὶ μακρότερον yet more, Th. 4.41. regul. Comp. and Sup., v. supr.: irreg. Comp. μάσσων, Sup. μήκιστος, v. sub vocc. Adv. - ρῶς at great length, opp. συντόμως, Arist. Rh. 1416b4; slowly, Plb. 3.51.2; μ. ἔχειν τοῖν σκέλοιν have long legs, Philostr. Gym. 31; of pronunciation, D.H. Comp. 15; μ. ἐκφέρειν συλλαβήν Str. 13.1.68: but the Adv. is usu. expressed by neut. μακρόν or μακρά, cf. supr. 1.3; μακρὰ κλάειν to howl loudly, Ar. Th. 211; οἰμώξει μ. Id. Av. 1207, Pl. 111; ὀτοτύζεσθαι μ. Id. Lys. 520; τί μακρὰ δεῖ λέγειν; Antiph. 33.5; also by μακράν (v. sub voc.); or by neut. with a Pr, v. supr. 111: for Comp. and Sup. of the Adv., v. cross μακροτέρως, μακροτάτω: neut. pl. - ότερα as Adv., Pl. Phdr. 250c, al. Fem. μακρά not to be confused with μάκρα (q. v.). (Cf. Avest. mas -'long', Lat. ma cer.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μακρός, μακρά, μακρόν (from Homer down), long; of place, remote, distant, far off: χώρα, Luke 15:13; Luke 19:12. of time, long, lasting long: μακρά προσεύχομαι, to pray long, make long prayers, Matthew 23:14 (137 Rec.); Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μακρός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX for H752, H7350 and cognate forms, etc.;]

of space and time, long: μακρὰ προσεύχεσθαι , Mark 12:40, Luke 20:47.

of distance, far, far distant: χώρα , Luke 15:13; Luke 19:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

μακρός is used of time in P Giss I. 41ii. 2 (beg. of Hadrian’s reign) ὑπὸ τ ̣ ̣ς ̣ μακρᾶς ἀποδημίας τὰ ἡμέτε [ρα ] πα [ντ ]α ̣πασιν ἀμεληθέντα τυγχ [άνει ";owing to our long absence from home our affairs came to be altogether neglected"; : cf. Preisigke 3925.6 (B.C. 149–8 or 137–6) μακ [ρὸν ἂν εἴη ] διασαφῆσαι, and P Strass I. 22.3 (iii/A.D.) μακρᾶς νομῆς πα ̣ρ ̣αγραφη ̣, ";longae possessions (longi temporis) praescriptio."; In a tract on medical training, Berl. Klass. Texte iii. p. 22 ff. Col. 2, 7 ff., it is laid down : δεῖ. . . τοὺς νέους ἐξ ἀρχῆς συνασκεῖν τοῖς ἀνα [γ ]καιοτέροις π [ρ ]άγμασιν τοῦ βίου βραχέος ὄντ [ο ]ς καὶ τῆς τέχνης μακρῆς, ὥς φησιν ὁ Ἱπποκράτης. The reference is to stature in P Lond 1158.6 (A.D. 226–7) (= III. p. 151) μακρὸς πύκτης, ";a tall boxer."; The compd. μακροπρόσωπος is common in personal descriptions, e.g. P Ryl II. 153.46 (A.D. 138–161) μέσος μελίχ ̣ρ ̣ω ̣ς μακροπρόσωπος, ";of medium height, with a fair complexion, long-visaged."; In MGr the word has changed to μακρύς, ";far,"; ";distant.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μακρα μακρά μακρὰ μακραν μακράν μακρὰν μακρόν μακρός μακρότερα μακρότης μακρότητα μακρότητος μακρούς μακροχρονίσωσι μακρώ μακρών makra makrà makran makrán makràn
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, July 7th, 2020
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14
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