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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3144 - μάρτυς

Transliteration
mártys
Phonetics
mar'-toos  
Word Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
4:474,564
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a witness
    1. in a legal sense
    2. an historical sense
      1. one who is a spectator of anything, e.g. of a contest
    3. in an ethical sense
      1. those who after his example have proved the strength and genuineness of their faith in Christ by undergoing a violent death
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5707 ‑ עֵד (ayd);  7717 ‑ שָׂהֵד (saw‑hade');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (34) NAS (35) HCS (35)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 13
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 13
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 13
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
Revelation 5
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 3
N-GPM 9
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 9
N-NSM 8
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 3
N-GPM 9
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 10
N-NSM 6
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 3
N-GPM 9
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 9
N-NSM 8
NA WH
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 3
N-GPM 9
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 9
N-NSM 6
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-DPM 3
N-GPM 10
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 11
N-NSM 9


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μάρτῠς, ὁ, ἡ,

Cret., Epid. μαῖτυς Leg.Gort. 1.13, al., IG 42(1).42, Cret. also μαίτυρς GDI 4998 v ii; gen. μάρτῠρος, acc. - ῠρα Hes. Op. 371, etc., formed from μάρτυρ (q. v.), exc. acc. μάρτῠν Simon. 84. 4, Men. 1034, Plu. 2.49a; dat. pl. μάρτῠσι (but μάρτυρσι prob. in Hippon. 51):

I witness (not in Hom.), Hes. l.c., h.Merc. 372, Thgn. 1226, etc.; ἄμμιν μάρτυς ἔστω Ζεύς Pi. P. 4.167, cf. A. Eu. 664; ἁμέραι δ' ἐπίλοιποι μ. σοφώτατοι Pi. O. 1.34; τούτων μάρτυρας καλῶ θεούς S. Tr. 1248, cf. E. Ph. 491; μάρτυρα θέσθαι τινά Id. Supp. 261; μ. θεοὺς ποιεῖσθαι Th. 4.87, etc.; μάρτυρι χρῆσθαί τινι Arist. Rh. 1375b30; μάρτυρας παρέχεσθαι produce witnesses, Pl. Grg. 471e, cf. D. 27.51, etc.; μάρτυρες παρίστανται X. Cyr. 1.6.16; μάρτυρα παράγεσθαι, μάρτυρας ἐπάγεσθαι, Pl. Lg. 836c, R. 364c; δικάζει ταῦτα μαρτύρων ὅπο A. Supp. 934; μαρτύρων ἐναντίον Antipho 1.28, Ar. Ec. 448; ἐν μάρτυσι Pl. Smp. 175e; τί δεῖται μάρτυρος; Id. R. 340a.

II martyr, Revelation 2:13, etc.

III Astrol., in aspect, μάρτυρες ἀλλήλων Man. 4.451. (Cf. μάρτυρ, μάρτυρος.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 μάρτυρ, μάρτυρός, , see μάρτυς.

μάρτυς (Aeolic μάρτυρ, a form not found in the N. T.; (etymologically one who is mindful, heeds; probably allied with Latin memor, cf. Vanicek, p. 1201; Curtius, § 466)), μάρτυρός, accusative μάρτυρα, ; plural μάρτυρες, dative plural μάρτυσι; the Sept. for עֵד; ( Hesiod, Simonides, Theognis, others); a witness (one who avers, or can aver, what he himself has seen or heard or knows by any other means);

a. in a legal sense: Matthew 18:16; Matthew 26:65; Mark 14:63; Acts 6:13; Acts 7:58; 2 Corinthians 13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19; Hebrews 10:28.

b. in an historical sense: Acts 10:41; 1 Timothy 6:12; ( 2 Timothy 2:2); one who is a spectator of anything, e. g. of a contest, Hebrews 12:1; with a genitive of the object, Luke 24:48; Acts 1:22; Acts 2:32; Acts 3:15; Acts 5:32 G L T Tr WH; Acts 10:39; Acts 26:16; 1 Peter 5:1; with a genitive of the possessor 'one who testifies for one', Acts 1:8 L T Tr WH; Acts 13:31>; with a genitive of the possessor and of the object, Acts 5:32 Rec.; μάρτυρα εἶναι τίνι, to be a witness for one, serve him by testimony, Acts 1:8 R G; Acts 22:15>; ( Luke 11:48 T Tr WH). He is said to be a witness, to whose attestation appeal is made; hence, the formulas μάρτυς μου ἐστιν Θεός, Romans 1:9; Philippians 1:8; Θεός μάρτυς, 1 Thessalonians 2:5: μάρτυρα τόν Θεόν ἐπικαλοῦμαι, 2 Corinthians 1:23; ὑμεῖς μάρτυρες καί Θεός, 1 Thessalonians 2:10; the faithful interpreters of God's counsels are called God's witnesses: Revelation 11:3; Christ is reckoned among them, Revelation 1:5; Revelation 3:14.

c. in an ethical sense those are called μάρτυρες Ἰησοῦ, who after his example have proved the strength and genuineness of their faith in Christ by undergoing a violent death (cf B. D. American edition and Dict. of Chris. Antiq. under the word ): Acts 22:20; Revelation 2:13; Revelation 17:6.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μάρτυς

(Æolic μάρτυρ ), -υρος , (also ),

[in LXX for H5707;]

a witness: Acts 10:41, 1 Timothy 6:12, 2 Timothy 2:2, Hebrews 12:1 (Westc., in l); in forensic sense, Matthew 18:16; Matthew 26:65, Mark 14:63, Acts 6:13; Acts 7:58, 2 Corinthians 13:1, 1 Timothy 5:19, Hebrews 10:28; c. gen. obj., Luke 24:48, Acts 1:22; Acts 2:32; Acts 3:15; Acts 5:32; Acts 10:39; Acts 26:16, 1 Peter 5:1; c. gen. poss., Acts 1:8; Acts 13:31, Revelation 11:3; c. dat. pers., Luke 11:48, Acts 22:15; of Christ, Revelation 1:5; Revelation 3:14; of God, Romans 1:9, 2 Corinthians 1:23, Philippians 1:8, 1 Thessalonians 2:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:10; of those who have witnessed for Christ by their death (in later Xn. lit., martyr: Swete, Ap., 35), Acts 22:20, Revelation 2:13; Revelation 17:6.†

μάρτυρ , see μάρτυς .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The plur. μάρτυρες is naturally very common, introducing the names of ";witnesses"; to any contract or legal document, e.g. P Elepn 1.16 (B.C. 311–0) (= Selections, p. 4), P Hib I. 89.19 (B.C. 239), P Magd 12.3 (B.C. 217) with the editor’s note, P Grenf I. 27iii. 7 (B.C 109), P Ryl II. 153.45 (A.D. 138–61). Other exx, of the word are P Lille I. 29i. 31 (iii/B.C.) ἐναντίον μὴ ἔλασσον ἢ δύο μαρτύρων (cf. Matthew 18:16), P Par 46.10 (B.C. 153) (= Witkowski, 2 p. 86) σὲ αὐτὸν μάρτυρα ἐπισπάσω ̣ P Ryl II. 160(a).6 (A.D. 14–37) ἐπιτε [τάχα ]μεν τοῖς μάρτυσι γράφειν, ";we have instructed the witnesses to sign,"; P Oxy X.1298.10 (iv/A.D.) σὲ γὰρ μόνον ἔχω μάρτυρα, and the Christian ib. VIII. 1162.14 (iv/A.D.) Ἐμμ (ανουὴ)λ μάρτ (υς ?), ";Emmanuel is my witness."; For God as witness, see P Gen I. 54.6 (iv/A.D.) μάρτυρός ἐστιν ὁ [θ ]εὸς ὅτι οὐ διὰ λῆ [μ ]μα μάχομε, ἀλλὰ μάχομε διὰ σέ. In the important calendar of church services at Oxyrhynchus, P Oxy XI. 1357 (A.D. 535–6), mention is made of a service to be held—.5 εἰς τὴν μαρτύρ (ων), ";at the Martyrs’"; : see the editors’ note ad l. On the early use of μάρτυς to denote one who sealed his testimony with his blood see Lightfoot ad Clem. Rom. v. In MGr the form has changed to μάρτυρας.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μαρτυρα μάρτυρα μαρτυρας μάρτυρας μάρτυράς μαρτυρες μάρτυρες μάρτυρές μάρτυρι μαρτυρος μάρτυρός μαρτυρων μαρτύρων μαρτυς μάρτυς μαρτυσι μάρτυσι μάρτυσί μαρτυσιν μάρτυσιν μάρτυσίν μασαναί μασμαρώθ martura marturas martures marturon marturōn marturos martus martusin martyra mártyra martyras mártyras martyres mártyres mártyrés martyron martyrōn martýron martýrōn martyros mártyrós martys mártys martysin mártysin mártysín

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the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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