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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3770 - οὐράνιος

Word Origin
from (3772)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. heavenly
    1. dwelling in heaven
    2. coming from heaven
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8064 ‑ שָׁמֶה (shaw‑mah'‑yim, shaw‑meh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (9) HCS (9)
Matthew 4
Luke 1
Acts 1
Matthew 7
Luke 1
Acts 1
Matthew 7
Luke 1
Acts 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

οὐράν-ιος [ ], α, ον,

also ος, ον E. Ion 715, Ph. 1729 (both lyr.), Pl. Phdr. 247a (v.l.), IG 12(2).58b4 (Mytil.):


1. heavenly, dwelling in heaven, γέννα A. Pr. 165 (lyr.); θεοί h.Cer. 55, A. Ag. 90 (anap.), E. HF 758 (lyr.), etc.; οὐράνιαι the goddesses, Pi. P. 2.38 codd.; οὐράνιοι the gods, IG 5(1).40 (Laconia); of special gods, Θέμις οὐ. Pi. Fr. 30.1; Ζεύς Hdt. 6.56, Call. Jov. 55, etc.; αἱ οὐ. θεοί, Demeter and Kore, IG 12 (5).655.6 (Syros, nr. Delos); Ἥρα CIG 7034; Ἔρως ib.3157; v. Οὐρανία.

2. generally, in or of heaven, ἀστήρ Pi. P. 3.75; πόλος A. Pr. 429 (lyr.); οὐ. θεᾶς βρέτας fallen from heaven, E. IT 986; ἀστραπά S. OC 1466 (lyr.); φῶς Id. Ant. 944 (lyr.); νεφέλαι Ar. Nu. 316; οὐ. ὕδατα, i.e. rain, Pi. O. 11(10).2, Gp. 2.6.10; so τὰ οὐ. alone, = rains, Thphr. HP 4.14.8; οὐ. ἄχος, of a storm, S. Ant. 418 (where it may be metaph., cf. infr. 11); οὐ. σημεῖα X. Cyr. 1.6.2; τὰ οὐ. the phenomena of the heavens, Id. Mem. 1.1.11; οὐράνιά τε καὶ χθονοστιβῆ S. OT 301.

II reaching to heaven, high as heaven, κίων, of Aetna, Pi. P. 1.19; ἐλάτης οὐ. ἄκρος κλάδος E. Ba. 1064; πήδημα Id. El. 860 (lyr.); σκέλος οὐ. ἐκλακτίζειν, ῥίπτειν, kick up sky-high, Ar. V. 1492, 1530; of sounds, ὀμφὰν οὐ. A. Supp. 808 (lyr.), cf. Ar. Ra. 781; ἵππον οὐράνια βρέμοντα E. Tr. 519 (lyr.): metaph., mountainous, colossal, οὐ. ἄχη A. Pers. 573 (lyr.); ἡμάρτηκεν οὐράνιόν γ' ὅσον Ar. Ra. 1135.

III sky-blue, λίθος κυανωτάτη καὶ -ία ἰδεῖν Philostr. VA 1.25. οὐράνιον, τό, name of an eye-salve, Orib. ap. Aët. 7.106. Adv. -ίως from the point of view of heaven, opp. γηΐνως, Procl. Sacr. p.148 B.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

οὐράνιος, οὐράνιον, in classical Greek generally of three term. (Winers Grammar, § 11, 1; Buttmann, 25 (23)) (οὐρανός), heavenly, i. e.

a. dwelling in heaven: πατήρ οὐράνιος, Matthew 6:14, 26, 32; Matthew 15:13; besides L T Tr WH in ; στρατιᾶς οὐρανίου Luke 2:13 (where Tr text WH marginal reading οὐρανοῦ).

b. coming from heaven: οὐρανίῳ ὀπτασία, Acts 26:19. (Homer in Cer. 55; Pindar, Tragg., Aristophanes, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

οὐράνιος , -ον

(cl. usually -α , -ον ),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 28:12 A (H8064), etc.;]

of or in heaven, heavenly: Matthew 5:48; Matthew 6:14; Matthew 6:26; Matthew 6:32; Matthew 15:13; Matthew 18:35; Matthew 23:9, Luke 2:13, Acts 26:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";ask,"; ";beseech,"; as frequently in the NT, is a common formula in papyrus private letters, e.g. P Par 42.8 (B.C. 156) (= UPZ i. p. 318) παρεκάλεσα αὐτὸν ἔρχεσθαι, περὶ ὧν ἂν βούληται, BGU IV. 1141.10 (B.C. 14) ἐρωτῶ σε οὖν καὶ παρακαλῶι καὶ τὴν Καίσαρος τύ [χη ]ν σε ἐξορκιζῶι, and P Oxy IV. 744.6 (B.C. 1) ἐρωτῶ σε καὶ παρακαλῶ σε ἐπιμελήθ <ητ >ι τῷ παιδίῳ.

For παρακαλέω c. semi-final ἵνα, as in 1 Thessalonians 4:1 B, cf. P Ryl II. 229.17 (A.D. 38) παρακάλεσον οὖν τὴν γυναῖκά σου τοῖς ἐμοῖς λόγοις, ἵνα ἐπιμελῆται τῶν χοιριδίων, and the Christian P Heid 6.14 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 126) παρακαλῶ [ο ]ὖν, δέσποτα, ἵνα μνημον [ε ]ύῃς μοι εἰς τὰς ἁγίας σου εὐχάς : see Proleg. p. 206 ff.

Similarly παρακληθείς is used, much as we use ";please";—P Fay 109.3 (early i/A.D.) παρακληθεὶς τοὺς τρεῖς στατῆρες (= ας) οὓς εἴρηκέ σοι Σέλευκος δῶναί μοι ἤδη δὸς Κλέωνι, ";please give to Cleon the three staters which Seleucus told you to give me"; (Edd.), and so.10, P Ryl II. 230.6 (A.D. 40) παρακληθ [εὶ ]ς οὖν ἐκ παντὸς τρόπου ποίησον, ";please do your utmost,"; and P Tebt II. 448 (ii/iii A.D.) παρακληθεὶς δέ, ἄδελφε, συνλαβοῦ τῷ ἀναδίδοντί σοι τὸ ἐπιστόλιον.

The somewhat stronger meaning ";exhort,"; ";urge,"; is seen in P Oxy VII. 1061.4 (B.C. 22) ἀνάγκην ἔσχον παρακαλέσαι Πτολεμαῖον, ";I have been obliged to urge Ptolemaeus,"; P Amh II. 130.15 (A.D. 70) παρακέκλημαι ἐπὶ μίσονος (l. μείζονος) ναύλου, ";I have been called on to pay (?) a higher freight,"; BGU III. 846.10 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 94) παρακα [λ ]ῶ σοι, μήτηρ, δ [ι ]αλάγητί μοι, ";I beg of you, mother, be reconciled to me,"; and P Oxy I. 117.3 (ii/iii A.D.) κατ᾽ ὄψιν σὲ παρακέκληκα, ";I have urged you in person"; (Edd.).

For 2 Corinthians 12:8 Deissmann (LAE, p. 311) cites Syll 804 (= .31170).31 where a man, who was cured at the shrine of Asclepius in Epidaurus, records regarding one of his ills—καὶ γὰρ περὶ τούτου παρεκάλεσα τὸν θεόν, ";and concerning this thing I besought the god"; : see also P Leid K.9 (B.C. 99) (= I. p. 52) πα [ρακα ]λῶ δὲ κ [αὶ ] αὐτοὺς τοὺς θεούς, ὅπῶς δῶσιν αὐτοῖς χ [άριν, and P Lond 1244.6 (iv/A.D.) (= III. p. 244) εὐχόμενος καὶ παρακαλῶν τὸν θεόν.

With 1 Corinthians 4:13 (cf. Acts 16:39) Lietzmann (HZNT ad l.) compares the use of the verb in Aristeas 229, 235, 238, 264. See also Menander Fragm. p. 241—

οὐχὶ παρακληθέντας ὑμᾶς δεῖ γὰρ ἡμῖν εὐνοεῖν,

ἀλλ᾽ ὑπάρχειν τοῦτο,

";you ought not to wait to be called on for goodwill to us : we should have that already.";

A triple compd. προσεπιπαρακαλέω is found in BGU I. 248.4 (i/A.D.), 249.18 (ii/A.D.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ουρανιος ουρανίος ουράνιος οὐράνιος ουρανιου ουρανίου οὐρανίου ουρανιω ουρανίω οὐρανίῳ ouranio ouraniō ouraníoi ouraníōi ouranios ouránios ouraniou ouraníou
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, July 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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