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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4122 - πλεονεκτέω

Word Origin
from (4123)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to have more, or a greater part or share
    1. to be superior, excel, surpass, have an advantage over
  2. to gain or take advantage of another, to overreach
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1214 ‑ בָּצַע (baw‑tsah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (5)
2 Corinthians 4
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Corinthians 4
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Corinthians 4
1 Thessalonians 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-APS-1P 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-APS-1P 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-APS-1P 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3S 2
V-APS-1P 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -ήσω Th. 4.62, etc. ( πλέον ἐκτήσεται shd. be read in Pl. La. 192e ):

Prose Verb, have or claim more than one's due, mostly in bad sense, to be greedy, grasping, Hdt. 8.112, X. Mem. 2.6.21, Pl. Grg. 483c, etc.

2. also, gain or have some advantage, without any bad sense, δυνάμει τινὶ π. Th. 4.62, cf. 86; opp. ἐλαττοῦσθαι, Arist. Rh. 1360a3; πολὺ ἐπλεονέκτει ὁ Πελοπίδας παρὰ τῷ Πέρσῃ X. HG 7.1.34: abs., Arist. Rh. 1402b25, D.S. 12.46; π. ἀπὸ τῶν μὴ καθηκόντων Plb. 6.56.2: freq. with neut. Pron., π. ταῦτα, etc., Th. 4.61, etc.

3. c. gen. rei, have or claim a larger share of than others, τῶν ὠφελίμων Id. 6.39; τοῦ ἡλίου, τοῦ ψύχους, τῶν πόνων, X. Cyr. 1.6.25, cf. Oec. 7.26; δόξης, χάριτος, Arist. EN 1136b22, 1137a1 .

II c. gen. pers., have or gain the advantage over, τῶν ἐχθρῶν Pl. R. 362b, cf. Hyp. Lyc. 8, etc.; παρά τινος X. Cyr. 1.6.32 (v.l.); παρ' ἀλλήλων Arist. Pol. 1292b19; τινι in a thing, X. Cyr. 4.3.21, etc.; κατά τι Pl. Euthphr. 15a; περί τι Id. La. 183a; also π. τῶν νόμων gain at the expense of the laws, Id. Lg. 691a; τῆς ὑμετέρας π. εὐηθείας take advantage of your simpleness, D. Prooem. 24 .

2. later c. acc. pers., get or have the advantage over, D.H. 9.7, Plu. Marc. 29, Luc. Am. 27: usu. in bad sense, overreach, defraud, πλεονεκτεῖν μηδένα Men. Mon. 259, cf. 1 Thessalonians 4:6, 2 Corinthians 7:2, D.Chr. 17.8, D.C. 52.37: in early writers only Pass. in this sense, ὑπό τινων X. Mem. 3.5.2; πλεονεκτεῖσθαι χιλίαις δραχμαῖς to be defrauded in or of 1, 000 drachmae, D. 41.25 . In Th. 1.77 πλεονεκτεῖσθαι is impers., to be an act of πλεονεξία.

3. Pass., to be surpassed, excelled, τινι Apollod. Poliorc. 173.5 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πλεονεκτέω, πλεονέκτω; 1 aorist ἐπλεονέκτησα; 1 aorist passive subjunctive 1 person plural πλεονεκτηθῶμεν; (πλεονέκτης);

1. intransitive, to have more, or a greater part or share: Thucydides, Xenophon, Plutarch, others; to be superior, excel, surpass, have an advantage over, τίνος (genitive of person) τίνι (the dative of thing): Xenophon, Plato, Isocrates, Demosthenes, others.

2. transitive, to gain or take advantage of another, to overreach: (Herodotus 8, 112), Plato, Diodorus, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Dio Cassius, others; and so in the N. T. in 2 Corinthians 7:2; 2 Corinthians 12:17, 18; 1 Thessalonians 4:6 (see πρᾶγμα, b.); passive (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 22) ὑπό τίνος, 2 Corinthians 2:11(10).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πλεονεκτέω , -

(< πλεονέκτης , q.v.),

[in LXX: Habakkuk 2:9, Ezekiel 22:27 (H1214), Judges 4:11 B*;]

1. intrans., to have more, to have an advantage (cl., c. gen. pers.).

2. Trans., in late writers (v. M, Pr., 65), to overreach, defraud: c. acc pers., 2 Corinthians 7:2; 2 Corinthians 12:17-18; ἐν τ . πράγματιι , 1 Thessalonians 4:6 (v. M, Th., in l); pass., 2 Corinthians 2:11 (as also in cl.; v. LS, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the meaning ";irrigate,"; which is common in the LXX, cf. P Petr I. 29 verso (iii/B.C.) (= Witkowskis.2, p. 31) ὀχιτεύομεν καὶ ποτίζομεν, ";we are making conduits and irrigating,"; PSI V. 536.4 (iii/B.C.) τὴγ γῆν τὴγ καθαρὰν πᾶσαν. . . ποτίσας κατάσπειρον, BGU II. 530.28 (i/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 62) μόλις γὰρ μίαν πρασεὰν ποτίζι τὸ ὕδωρ, ";for there is hardly a single plot which the water irrigates,"; P Fay 111.26 (A.D. 95–6) τὼν στίχον τὸν φυτον (l. τὸν στίχον τῶν φυτῶν) τῶν ἐν τῷ προφήτῃ πότισον, ";water the row of trees ‘at the prophet’"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 157.21 (A.D. 135) cited s.v. ποῦς, and P Oxy VI. 938.5 (iii/iv A.D.) τῆς γῆς. . . μὴ ποτιζομένης. For the subst. ποτισμός, as in Aq Proverbs 3:8, see ib. 934.14 (iii/A.D.) χάριν τῶν ποτισμῶν, ";for the sake of the irrigation,"; et saepe. In MGr ποτίζω ";make to drink,"; ";water,"; is used with double acc.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επλεονεκτησα επλεονέκτησα ἐπλεονέκτησα επλεονεκτησαμεν επλεονεκτήσαμεν ἐπλεονεκτήσαμεν επλεονεκτησεν επλεονέκτησεν ἐπλεονέκτησεν πλεονεκτειν πλεονεκτείν πλεονεκτεῖν πλεονεκτηθωμεν πλεονεκτηθῶμεν πλεονέκτημα πλεονεκτών πλεονεκτώσι epleonektesa epleonektēsa epleonéktesa epleonéktēsa epleonektesamen epleonektēsamen epleonektḗsamen epleonektesen epleonektēsen epleonéktesen epleonéktēsen pleonektein pleonekteîn pleonektethomen pleonektethômen pleonektēthōmen pleonektēthō̂men
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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