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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4263 - πρόβατον

Transliteration
próbaton
Phonetics
prob'-at-on  
Word Origin
probably from a presumed. derivative of (4260)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
6:689,936
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. any four footed, tame animal accustomed to graze, small cattle (opp. to large cattle, horses, etc.), most commonly a sheep or a goat
    1. a sheep, and so always in the NT
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3532 ‑ כֶּבֶשׂ (keh‑bes');  3775 ‑ כֶּשֶׂב (keh'‑seb);  6629 ‑ צְאוֹן (tsone, tseh‑one');  7353 ‑ רָחֵל (raw‑khale');  7716 ‑ שֵׂי (seh, say);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (41) NAS (37) HCS (39)
Matthew 11
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 17
Acts 1
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 11
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 15
Acts 1
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 11
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 19
Acts 1
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 18
N-ASN 2
N-GPN 9
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 12
N-NSN 1
N-APN 15
N-ASN 2
N-GPN 9
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 11
N-NSN 1
N-APN 16
N-ASN 2
N-GPN 9
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 12
N-NSN 1
NA WH
N-APN 14
N-ASN 1
N-GPN 9
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 11
N-NSN 1
T-NPN 1
V-FAI-3S 1
N-APN 15
N-ASN 2
N-GPN 10
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 12
N-NSN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρόβᾰτον, τό,

freq. in pl. πρόβατα (but also in sg., Cratin. 43, Pl. Euthd. 302a, etc.); heterocl. dat. πρόβασι Hdn.Gr. 1.414, Hsch.:

used (among the Ionians and Dorians) of all four-footed cattle, Hdt. 2.41, etc.; πάντων τῶν π. βόες μάλιστα ἀτονέουσι Hp. Art. 8; τὰ ἄλλα π. καὶ ἵππους μάλιστα Hdt. 4.61, cf. Pi. Fr. 316, IG 12(1).677.31 (Rhodes, iv/iii B.C. ); of Europa's bull, Simon. 28: in Hom. generally of cattle, flocks and herds, Il. 14.124, 23.550, h.Merc. 571, cf. IG 12(7).62.35 (Amorgos, iv B.C. ); τὰ π. καὶ καρταίποδα Leg.Gort. 4.35; opp. ἄνθρωποι, Hes. Op. 558, Hdt. 1.203; τὰ λεπτὰ τῶν π. small cattle, i.e. sheep and goats, ib. 133, 8.137; τὸ μὲν μέζον π. . ., τὸ δὲ μεῖον IG 5 (2).3.14 (Tegea, iv B.C. ); so later, π. ἀπὸ τῶν ἀρνῶν καὶ τῶν ἐρίφων λήψεσθε LXX Exodus 12:5 : but in Att. Prose and Com. (never in Trag.) almost invariably of sheep, Ar. Av. 714, Th. 2.14, IG 22.1672.289, etc.; ὥσπερ π. βῆ βῆ λέγων βαδίζει Cratin. 43; so in later Boeot., IG 7.3171.39,44 (Orchom. Boeot. ):

generally, animals for slaughter, whether for sacrifices, Hdt. 6.56; or for food, Id. 1.207; cf. Antipho 5.29 .

2. prov. of stupid, lazy people, ἀριθμός, πρόβατ' ἄλλως Ar. Nu. 1203, cf. V. 32: Com. Comp., προβάτου προβάτερον more sheepish than a sheep, dub. cj. in Sophr. 122; χρυσοῦν π., = Lat. pecus aurea, as nickname, D.C. 59.8: in other provs., τοὺς γευομένους κύνας τῶν π. κατακόπτειν φασὶ δεῖν D. 25.40; λέων ἐν προβάτοις Plu. Cleom. 33, cf. Plb. 5.35.13 .

II name of a sea-fish, Opp. H. 1.146, 3.139, Ael. NA 9.38 . (Orig. of small cattle, sheep and goats, which in primitive mixed herds walk in front ( προβαίνει ) of the larger animals.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρόβατον, προβάτου, τό (from προβαίνω, properly, 'that which walks forward'), from Homer down, the Sept. chiefly for צֹאן, then for שֶׂה, sometimes for כֶּבֶשׂ and כֶּשֶׂב (a lamb), properly, any four-footed, tame animal accustomed to graze, small cattle (opposed to large cattle, horses, etc.), most common a sheep or a goat; but especially a sheep, and so always in the N. T.: Matthew 7:15; Matthew 10:16; Matthew 12:11; Mark 6:34; Luke 15:4, 6; John 2:14; John 10:1-4, 11f.; Acts 8:32 (from Isaiah 53:7); 1 Peter 2:25; Revelation 18:13; πρόβατα σφαγῆς, sheep destined for the slaughter, Romans 8:36. metaphorically, πρόβατα, sheep, is used of the followers of any master: Matthew 26:31 and Mark 14:27 (from Zechariah 13:7); of mankind, who as needing salvation obey the injunctions of him who provides it and leads them to it; so of the followers of Christ: John 10:7f, 15f, 26; John 21:16 (R G L Tr text WH marginal reading), (R G L WH marginal reading); Hebrews 13:20; τά πρόβατα ἀπολωλότα (see ἀπόλλυμι, at the end), Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24; τά πρόβατα in distinction from τά ἐρίφια, are good men as distinguished from bad people, Matthew 25:33.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πρόβατον , -ου , τό

(< προβαίνω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H6629, also for H7716, more rarely for H3532 (H3775), H7353;]

1. in Hom., Hdt., cattle, esp. of small cattle, sheep and goats.

2. In NT, as in Attic writers generally (cf. MM, xxi), a sheep: Matthew 7:15, Mark 6:34, al.; πρόβατα σφαγῆς , Romans 8:36 (LXX). Metaph. (in cl. of timidity, stupidity or idleness), of the followers of a leader or master, esp. of those who are subject to the care of the Good Shepherd: Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24; Matthew 26:31 (LXX) Mark 14:27 (LXX), John 10:7-8; John 10:15-16; John 10:26-27; John 21:16-17 (WH txt., προβάτια ), Hebrews 13:20; opp. to ἐρίφια , Matthew 25:33.

* προβάτιον , -ου , τό ,

dimin. of πρόβατον (used as a term of endearment, v. El., § 27, 4), a little sheep: John 21:16-17 (πρόβατα , WH, mg.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the literal meaning ";fall upon"; in Matthew 7:25 see s.v. προσπαίω, and for the derived sense ";fall at one) s feet,"; ";supplicate,"; cf. the Christian amulet BGU III. 9543.30 (vi/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 134) ἅγιε Σέρηνε, πρόσπεσε ὑπὲρ ἐμοῦ, ἵνα τελείως ὑγιανῶ.

The verb is common in our sources =";befall,"; ";happen,"; e.g. PSI VI. 614.13 (iii/B.C.) γράφε δὲ καὶ Ἡραγόραι, ἐάν τί σοι προσπίπτηι τῶν καθ᾽ αὑτόν, ἐπιμελῶς, ib. IV. 340.12 (B.C. 257–6) [στε ] μηδεμίαν ὑποψίαν ἐκείνωι γε προσπεσεῖν, P Hib I. 78.4 (B.C. 244–3) ὅταν λειτουργία προσπέσηι ἀπολ ̣υ ̣ειν αὐτούς, ";to release them when service falls to their lot,"; P Par 39.9 (B.C. 161) (= UPZ i. p. 143) καθότι προσπίπτει μοι, BGU IV. 1206.16 (B.C. 28) ἐάν τι ἄλλο προσπέσῃ, σημανῶι σοι, and ib. III. 1011ii. 12 (ii/A.D.) κἄν τί σοι προσπίπτηι περὶ τῶν ἐναντίων. In P Cairo Zen 59031.7 (B.C. 258) reference is made to some iron its a necessary part of a boat’s equipment—τὸ [ν σί ]δη [ρ ]ον ὃν [ ]ναγκαῖον ἦν ὑπάρχειν ἐν τῶι πλοίωι πρὸς τὰς προσπιπτο ̣ύσας χρείας. P Petr II. 38 verso (c).46 (Ptol.) τὰ προσπ [ίπτ ]ον [τα describes cases ";falling"; to a judge to decide.

An interesting use of the verb shows it = ";come to my ears or to my knowledge,"; e.g. P Par 63.30 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 20) ἡμῖν προσπέπτωκεν, Witkowski.2 p. 96.8 (B.C. 131–0) (= P Revill Mél p. 295, Archiv ii. p. 518) προσπέπτωκεν <γὰρ > Παὼν ἀναπλεῖν ἐν τῶ τῦβι <μ (ηνί)>, and P Oxy VII. 1027.7 (i/A.D.) προσέπεσέν μοι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προβατα πρόβατα πρόβατά προβατια προβάτιά προβάτοις προβατον πρόβατον πρόβατόν προβατου προβάτου προβάτω προβατων προβάτων probata próbata próbatá probaton probatōn probáton probátōn próbaton próbatón probatou probátou
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Saturday, December 7th, 2019
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