corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.10.20
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4413 - πρῶτος

Transliteration
prōtos
Phonetics
pro'-tos  
Word Origin
contracted superlative of (4253)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
6:865,965
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. first in time or place
    1. in any succession of things or persons
  2. first in rank
    1. influence, honour
    2. chief
    3. principal
  3. first, at the first
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (104) NAS (156) HCS (95)
Matthew 14
Mark 10
Luke 9
John 8
Acts 11
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 5
Ephesians 1
Philippians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 3
Titus 1
Hebrews 9
2 Peter 1
1 John 1
Revelation 17
Matthew 23
Mark 15
Luke 19
John 15
Acts 16
Romans 7
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Philippians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 7
2 Timothy 3
Hebrews 10
James 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 3
1 John 1
Revelation 16
Matthew 17
Mark 10
Luke 10
John 6
Acts 11
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
Ephesians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 4
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 9
2 Peter 1
1 John 1
Revelation 18
BYZ TIS TR
A-APM-S 3
A-APN-S 1
A-ASF-S 6
A-ASM-S 1
A-ASN-S 5
A-DPM-S 2
A-DSF-S 6
A-DSM-S 3
A-DSN-S 1
A-GPF-S 1
A-GPM-S 2
A-GPN-S 4
A-GSF-S 4
A-GSM-S 1
A-GSN-S 1
A-NPM-S 11
A-NPN-S 1
A-NSF-S 14
A-NSM-S 35
A-NSN-S 1
A-APM-S 3
A-APN-S 1
A-ASF-S 6
A-ASM-S 1
A-ASN-S 5
A-DPM-S 2
A-DSF-S 6
A-DSM-S 4
A-DSN-S 1
A-GPF-S 1
A-GPM-S 2
A-GPN-S 4
A-GSF-S 4
A-GSM-S 1
A-GSN-S 1
A-NPM-S 11
A-NPN-S 1
A-NSF-S 13
A-NSM-S 31
A-NSN-S 1
ADV-S 1
A-APM-S 3
A-APN-S 1
A-ASF-S 6
A-ASM-S 3
A-ASN-S 5
A-DPM-S 2
A-DSF-S 6
A-DSM-S 3
A-DSN-S 1
A-GPF-S 1
A-GPM-S 2
A-GPN-S 4
A-GSF-S 4
A-GSM-S 1
A-GSN-S 1
A-NPM-S 11
A-NPN-S 1
A-NSF-S 17
A-NSM-S 33
A-NSN-S 1
NA WH
A-APM 3
A-APN 1
A-ASF 5
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 5
A-DPM 1
A-DPN 1
A-DSF 6
A-DSM 3
A-DSN 1
A-GPF 1
A-GPM 2
A-GPN 4
A-GSF 5
A-GSM 1
A-GSN 1
A-NPM 11
A-NPN 1
A-NSF 12
A-NSM 30
A-NSN 1
ADV 1
A-APM-S 3
A-APN-S 1
A-ASF-S 6
A-ASM-S 1
A-ASN-S 5
A-DPM-S 2
A-DSF-S 6
A-DSM-S 3
A-DSN-S 1
A-GPF-S 1
A-GPM-S 2
A-GPN-S 4
A-GSF-S 5
A-GSM-S 1
A-GSN-S 1
A-NPM-S 11
A-NPN-S 1
A-NSF-S 13
A-NSM-S 32
A-NSN-S 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρῶτος, η, ον, v. cross πρότερος B.

πρότερος and πρῶτος,

Comp. and Sup. formed from πρό, opp. ὕστερος, ὕστατος . Comp. πρότερος, α, ον,

I of Place, before, in front, π. πόδες the fore -feet, Od. 19.228; π. ἵπποι horses in front, B. 5.43: but mostly,

II of Time, former, earlier, ἄνδρες Il. 21.405; ἄνθρωποι 5.637, 23.332; οἱ π . men of former times, 4.308 (rarely without Art., A. Ag. 1338 (anap.), etc.); οὗτος δὲ προτέρης γενεῆς π. τ' ἀνθρώπων Il. 23.790: also, older, opp. ὁπλότερος, 2.707, etc.; γενεῇ π . 15.182; but παῖδες π . children by the first or a former marriage, Od. 15.22; παῖδες ἐκ τῆς π. γυναικός Hdt. 7.2; τῇ προτέρῃ (sc. ἡμέρᾳ ) on the day before, Od. 16.50; ἠοῖ τῇ π . Il. 13.794 (in Prose more freq. τῇ προτεραίᾳ, cf. προτεραῖος ); τοῦ π. ἐνιαυτοῦ the year before, IG 12.352.11; τοῖς π. Παναθηναίοις the preceding P., ib.57.8; τὰ π . what has preceded, Plot. 3.2.8: freq. used predicatively, sts. where we should expect the Adv. (which is never used by Hom. ), ὅ με π. κάκ' ἔοργε Il. 3.351, cf. 16.569, Hes. Op. 708, etc.; σπονδὰς οὐ λύσετε πρότεροι Th. 1.123; οἱ π. ἐπιόντες ibid.; τοῖς π. μετὰ Κύρου ἀναβᾶσι X. An. 1.4.12, cf. IG 22.1.7; εἰ μὴ π. ἑωράκη αὐτὸν ἢ ἐκεῖνος ἐμέ Pl. R. 336d, cf. 432c, etc.; ὅτι εἴη π. ὑπὸ ἐκείνων ἠδικημένος PCair.Zçn. 288.9 (iii B.C.) .

2. as regular Comp., c. gen., ἐμέο πρότερος Il. 10.124; π. τούτων Hdt. 1.168, cf. Pl. Phd. 86b, Hp.Ma. 282d; τὰς γυναῖκας μὴ ἀπιέναι προτέρας τῶν ἀνδρῶν IG 12(5).593.19 (Iulis, v B.C. ); τῇ π. ἡμέρᾳ τῆς τροπῆς the day before . ., Arist. Pol. 1316a16; προτέρᾳ εἰδυῶν Ὀκτωμβρίων IG 7.2225.14 (Thisbe, Senatus Consultum, ii B.C. ); τῷ π. ἔτει Παναθηναίων τῶν μεγάλων ib.22.212.27; τῷ π. ἔτει τῆς ἥττης Plb. 2.43.6: folld. by ἤ, τῷ προτέρῳ ἔτεϊ ἢ τὸν κρητῆρα [ἐληΐσαντο ] Hdt. 3.47 . III of Rank, Worth, and generally of Precedence, superior, τῷ γένει, τῇ δυνάμει, Is. 1.17, D. 3.15; π. τινὸς πρός τι superior to him in . ., Pl. La. 183b; π. τι ἄγειν, π. ποιήσασθαι τὰ σὰ πράγματα, Lib. Or. 58.36, 52.1 . after Hom., neut. πρότερον freq. as Adv., before, earlier, Pi. O. 13.31, Hdt. 4.45, IG 12.374.265, etc.; ὀλίγον π . Pl. Prt. 317e: c. gen., π. φήμης A. Th. 866 (anap.); ὀλίγῳ τι π. τούτων Hdt. 8.95; πολλοῖσι ἔτεσι π. τούτων ib. 96; ἐνιαυτῷ π. τῆς ἁλώσεως D. 9.60; also πρὸ τῶν Περσικῶν δέκα ἔτεσι π . Pl. Lg. 642d, cf. Criti. 112a; τούτου π . Paus. 1.1.2: most freq. folld. by ἤ, π. ἢ κατὰ τὴν προσδοκίαν Pl. Sph. 264b; also μὴ π. ἀπαναστῆναι ἢ ἐξέλωσι Hdt. 9.87, cf. 7.54, Antipho 2.1.2, Th. 7.63, etc.: with inf., π. ἢ βασιλεῦσαι Hdt. 7.2, cf. Th. 1.69, etc.: folld. by πρίν, Hdt. 1.82; by πρὶν ἄν, ib. 140; by πρὶν ἤ with vb. in Indic., Id. 6.45, 8.8, or Subj., 7.8 . β (v.l. πρὶν ἂν ἢ ), 9.93; also οὐ π. εἰ μὴ . . Plu. Lys. 10, etc.; οὐ π. ἕως . ., or ἕως ἂν . ., Lys. 12.71, Ath. 14.640c; μὴ π., ἀλλ' ὅταν . . Plb. 9.13.3: also used with the Art., τὸ π . Pl. R. 522a, X. An. 4.4.14, etc. ( τὸ π ., also, for the first time, Ep. Galatians 4:13 ): c. gen., τὸ π. τῶν ἀνδρῶν τούτων Hdt. 2.144: the Adv. is freq. put between Art. and Subst., ὁ π. βασιλεύς Id. 1.84; τὰ π. ἀδικήματα Id. 6.87; αἱ π. ἁμαρτίαι Ar. Eq. 1355, etc. Sup. πρῶτος, η, ον, Dor. πρᾶτος (q.v.):

I as Adj.,

1 of Place, foremost, πρώτοισιν ἐνὶ προμάχοισι μιγέντα Od. 18.379; ἐν πρώτοις, μετὰ πρώτοισι alone, Il. 19.424, 11.64; πρώτῃ ἐν ὑσμίνῃ, ἐνὶ πρώτῳ ὁμάδῳ, 15.340, 17.380; τῆς πρώτης τάττειν (sc. τάξεως ) Isoc. 12.180, cf. Lys. 16.15, etc.; ἐν π. ῥυμῷ at the front or end of the pole, Il. 6.40, 16.371; πρώτῃσι θύρῃσιν at the outermost doors, 22.66; π. ξύλον the front bench, Ar. Ach. 25, Poll. 4.121, etc.; οἱ π. πόδες, like πρόσθιοι, Id. 1.193 .

2. of Time, στάντα πρὸς π. ἕω looking towards first dawn, S. OC 477; περὶ π. νύκτα Poll. 1.70 .

3. of Order, serving as ordinal to εἷς, ἄεθλα θῆκε . . τῷ πρώτῳ· ἀτὰρ αὖ τῷ δευτέρῳ . ., αὐτὰρ τῷ τριτάτῳ . ., κτλ ., Il. 23.265, cf. 6.179; opp. ὕστατος, 2.281, 5.703, etc.; opp. τελευταῖος, A. Ag. 314; opp. τανύστατος, Od. 9.449; πρῶτοι πάντων ἀνθρώπων Hdt. 2.2; τὰ π. τῶν ὀνομάτων Pl. Cra. 421d; τῇ π. τῶν ἡμερέων Hdt. 7.168, etc.; π. ἄξων IG 12.115.10; ἐπὶ τοῦ π. [ἱερείου ] first-offered, X. An. 4.3.9; ἐν τοῖς π. λόγοις in the earlier books, Arist. Ph. 263a11, al.; ἐν πρώτοις among the first, Is. 7.40; hence, above all, especially, Hdt. 8.69, Pl. R. 522c; in Att., ἐν τοῖς πρῶτοι (v. ὁ, ἡ, τό A. VIII. 6): freq. used predicatively of being the first to do something, Νέστωρ πρῶτος κτύπον ἄϊε Il. 10.532; πρῶτος ἀνατέλλει Eratosth. Cal. 42; εἴθε π. σοι ἐνέτυχον Luc. Tyr. 21 . Philos., first in order of existence, primary, αἱ π. οὐσίαι Arist. Cat. 2b26, cf. Metaph. 1032b2; π. ὕλη, π. φιλοσοφία, ib. 1015a7, 1061b19; primitive, simple, οἰκία π., ἡ π. πόλις, Id. Pol. 1252b10, 1291a17; ἡ π. κοινωνία ib. 1257a19; ἡ π. ὀλιγαρχία ib. 1293a14; ὁ π. συλλογισμός normal, typical, Id. Rh. 1357a17; τὰ π. σώματα, μόρια,= τὰ ὁμοιομερῆ, Gal. 5.673,674; πρῶτα κατὰ φύσιν, e.g. health, perception, Stoic. 3.34; τὰ π. πάθη ib.92; αἱ π. ἀρεταί ib.64. Math., πρῶτοι ἀριθμοί prime numbers, Euc. 7 Def. 11,12; but also, first numbers (= 1 to 100,000,000) in the notation of Archim., Aren. 3.2 . πρῶτος is sts. used where we should expect πρότερος, Αἰνείας δὲ πρῶτος ἀκόντισεν Il. 13.502, cf. 18.92: in late Greek folld. by gen., πρῶτός μου ἦν Ev.John 1:15; John 1:30; cf. John 15:18; οἱ πρῶτοί μου ταῦτα ἀνιχνεύσαντες Ael. NA 8.12; πρώτη εὕρηται ἡ περὶ τοὺς πόδας κίνησις τῆς διὰ τῶν χειρῶν Ath. 14.630c; γεννήτορα πρῶτον μητέρος εἰς ἀΐδην πέμψει Man. 1.329, 4.404; ἀλόχου πρῶτος before his wife, IG 12(5).590.5 (vi (?) A.D. ).

4. of Rank or Dignity, μετὰ πρώτοισιν among the first men of the state, Od. 6.60, etc.; νομίσαντες πρῶτοι ἂν εἶναι Th. 6.28; διαβάλλειν τοὺς π . X. An. 2.6.26, cf. Arist. Pol. 1266a18; αἱ π. πόλεις Th. 2.8; ὁ π. ἄρχων IG 12(3).481.10 ( Thera ), CIG 2837 ( Aphrodisias ); ὁ π. τῆς πόλεως, as a title, IG 12(5).292.2 ( Paros ); ὁ π. τῆς νήσου Acts 28:7; τῶν π. φίλων, title at the Ptolemaic court, PTeb. 31.15 (ii B.C.), etc.; τῶν π ., as military title, PHib. 1.110.72 (iii B.C.), PPetr. 3p.23 (iii B.C.), PTeb. 815 Fr. 4.23,al. (iii B.C.): c. gen., ἐν πρώτοισι Μυκηναίων Il. 15.643; οἱ π. στρατοῦ S. Ph. 1305, cf. E. Hec. 304, etc.: c. dat. modi, ἀρετῇ π., οἱ π. καὶ χρήμασι καὶ γένει, πλούτῳ π. τῶν Ἑλλήνων, etc., S. Ph. 1425, Th. 3.65, Isoc. 16.31, etc.; π. ἐν συμφοραῖς βίου S. OT 33 .

5. of Degree, first, highest, μοῖρα Id. OC 145 (anap.), etc.

II as Subst. in neut. pl. πρῶτα, τά,

1 (sc. ἆθλα ), first prize, τὰ π. λαβών Il. 23.275; τὰ π. δόρει κρατύνων S. OC 1313; ἔχειν πρῶτα κυναγεσίας AP 6.118 (Antip.); τὰ π. φέρεσθαι D.C. 42.57, etc.

2. first part, beginning, τῆς Ἰλιάδος τὰ π . Pl. R. 392e; ἐν τοῖς π . Id. Smp. 221d; τὸ π. τοῦ ᾄσματος Id. Prt. 343c .

3. first, highest, in degree, τὰ π. τᾶς λιμῶ ( Dor. ) the extremities of famine, Ar. Ach. 743 (nisi leg. ἄπρατα ) ; ἐχέτωσαν τὰ π. τῆς εὐδαιμονίας Luc. Cont. 10; ἐς τὰ π. τιμᾶσθαι Th. 3.39, cf. 56; φρενῶν ἐς τὰ ἐμεωυτοῦ π. οὔκω ἀνήκω I have not yet come to the highest development of my judgment, Hdt. 7.13, cf. D.C. 38.22; of persons, ἐὼν τῶν Ἐρετριέων τὰ π . Hdt. 6.100; Λάμπων . . Αἰγινητέων [ἐὼν] τὰ π . Id. 9.78, cf. E. Med. 917; ἐστὶν τὰ π. τῆς ἐκεῖ μοχθηρίας (of a person) Ar. Ra. 421 .

4. Philos., primary things, elements, Emp. 38.1, Arist. GC 335a29; τὰ π. αἴτια Id. Mete. 338a20; also τὸ π. ἐνυπάρχον ἑκάστῳ Id. Ph. 193a10 .

5. in Logic, the first undemonstrable propositions, on which all future conclusions rest, Id. Top. 100b18; τὰ π. ἀναπόδεικτα Id. APo. 71b26 .

III in Adverbial phrases,

1 τὴν πρώτην (sc. ὥραν, ὁδόν ) first, for the present, just now, Hdt. 3.134, Ar. Th. 662, D. 3.2, Arist. Metaph. 1038a35, etc.; τὴν πρώτην εἶναι Hdt. 1.153 .

2. with Preps., ἀπὸ πρώτης (sc. ἀρχῆς ) Antipho 5.56, Th. 1.77; ἀπὸ τῆς π. εὐθύς Luc. Hist.Conscr. 1; ἐκ π . Babr. 45.14; κατὰ πρώτας Pl. Plt. 292b, D.C. 52.19; κατὰ τὴν π. εὐθύς Id. 62.3; παρὰ τὴν π . the first time, opp. ἐπὶ τῆς δευτέρας, Philostr. VA 1.22 .

3. freq. as Adv. in neut. sg. and pl., πρῶτον, πρῶτα, first, in the first place, πρῶτόν τε καὶ ὕστατον (vulg. ὕστερον ) Hes. Th. 34; π. μὲν . ., δεύτερον αὖ . ., τὸ τρίτον αὖ . . Il. 6.179; τί π. τοι ἔπειτα, τί δ' ὑστάτιον καταλέξω; Od. 9.14; Κύπριδα μὲν πρῶτα . ., αὐτὰρ ἔπειτ' . . Il. 5.458; οὐρῆας μὲν π. ἐπῴχετο . ., αὐτὰρ ἔπειτα . . 1.50; π. μὲν . ., ἔπειτα δὲ . . S. OC 632, X. Cyr. 2.1.2, 23, An. 5.6.7 - 8, Hier. 11.8, etc.; π. μὲν . ., ἔπειτα . . Pl. Phd. 89a, etc.; π. μὲν . ., ἔπειτα δεύτερον . ., τρίτον δὲ . . Aeschin. 1.7; π. μὲν . ., εἶτα . . Pl. Phlb. 15b; π. μὲν . ., εἶτα δὲ . . X. An. 1.2.16; π. μὲν . ., εἶτα . ., ἔτι δὲ . . Id. Mem. 1.2.1; π. μὲν . ., . . δὲ αὖ . . Pl. Lg. 935a; π. μὲν . ., ἔτι δὲ . . Lys. 4.10, etc.; π. μὲν . ., ἔτι τοίνυν . . D. 44.57; freq. answered only by δέ, Id. 9.48, etc.; sts. the answering clause must be supplied, A. Ag. 810, D. 7.7, etc.: also πρῶτον μὲν . . δεύτερον μήν . . Pl. Phlb. 66a: also πρῶτα μὲν . ., ἔπειτα . . S. Tr. 616, Ar. Pl. 728; πρῶτα μὲν . ., ἔπειτα . ., εἶτα . . E. Med. 548; πρῶτα μὲν . ., . . δὲ . . A. Pr. 447; πρῶτα μὲν . ., ἔπειτα δὲ . . X HG 7.1.7, cf. S. Ph. 919; ἐπεί σε πρῶτα κιχάνω since my first meeting is with you, Od. 13.228, cf. 7.53, Il. 8.274: also τὸ πρῶτον, first, in the first place, at the beginning, ὡς τὸ π. ὑπέστην καὶ κατένευσα 4.267; οὕνεκά σ' οὐ τὸ π., ἐπεὶ ἴδον, ὧδ' ἀγάπησα Od. 23.214 . cf. Il. 3.443, 6.345, Pi. P. 9.41, N. 3.49; τὸ μὲν οὖν π . Pl. Prt. 333d, etc.; τὸ π . . ., μετὰ ταῦτα . . 1.12: also τὰ π ., Il. 1.6, Od. 1.257, etc.; πόντῳ μὲν τὰ π . . ., αὐτὰρ ἔπειτα . . Il. 4.424; τὰ π. μὲν . ., ὡς δὲ . . A. Pers. 412; τὰ π . . ., τέλος δὲ . . S. Fr. 149.5, cf. 966 . too early, before the time, ἦ τ' ἄρα καὶ σοὶ πρῶτα (v.l. for πρωΐ ) παραστήσεσθαι ἔμελλε Μοῖρ' ὀλοή Od. 24.28 . = πρότερον, before, ἢν . . πρῶτον ἀπόλωμαι κακῶς Ar. Ec. 1079; π. οὐδ' ὑφ' ἑνὸς . . κρατηθέντες X. HG 5.4.1; θάλασσα π. ἦν ἢ γενέσθαι γῆν v.l. in Heraclit. 31; λόγῳ π. ἢ τοῖς ἔργοις Arist. Rh.Al. 1420b28; οὐ π. αὐτὴν ἀπέκτειναν πρὶν ἢ ἀπεκύησεν Ael. VH 5.18; π. συμμελετᾶν ἢ μελετᾶν μαθέτω AP 12.206 ( Strat. ). first, for the first time, οὐ . . νῦν πρῶτα ποδώκεος ἄντ' Ἀχιλῆος στήσομαι Il. 20.89; οὐ νῦν πρῶτον, ἀλλὰ καὶ πάλαι S. Ph. 966; ἐνταῦθα πρῶτον ἔφαγον X. An. 2.3.16 . πρῶτον, πρῶτα are used after the relat. Pron. and after relat.Advbs., like Engl. once (= at all ), οὐδ' ἐνοσίχθων λήθετ' ἀπειλάων, τὰς . . Ὀδυσῆϊ π. ἐπηπείλησε Od. 13.127, cf. 3.320, 10.328, 13.133, Il. 1.319, 19.136; μοῖραν δ' οὔ τινά φημι πεφυγμένον ἔμμεναι ἀνδρῶν . . ἐπὴν τὰ π. γένηται when once he is born, 6.489, cf. Od. 3.183, 4.13, 414; οὔτε . . Λυκίους ἐδύναντο τείχεος ἂψ ὤσασθαι, ἐπεὶ τὰ π. πέλασθεν Il. 12.420, cf. Od. 11.106, 221; also ἐπεὶ τὸ (or τὰ ) π . now that . ., ἀλλ' ἐπεὶ οὖν τὸ π. ἀνέκραγον, οὐκ ἐπικεύσω now that I have spoken up, 14.467; τὸ μὲν οὔ ποτε φύλλα καὶ ὄζους φύσει, ἐπεὶ δὴ πρῶτα τομὴν ἐν ὄρεσσι λέλοιπε Il. 1.235, cf. 276, 19.9: c. part., τῷ ῥ' Αἴας τὸ π. ἐφεζόμενος μέγ' ἀάσθη (the rock) on which once seated blasphemed, Od. 4.509: the sense as soon as is never necessary in Hom., but is possible in Od. 4.414,

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρῶτος, πρώτη, πρῶτον (superlative of πρό, contracted from προατος, whence the Doric πρατός; the comparitive πρότερος see in its place) (from Homer down), the Sept. for רִאשׁון and often for אֶחַד and רֹאשׁ, first;

1. either in time or place, in any succession of things or of persons;

a. absolutely (i. e. without a noun) and substantively; α. with the article: πρῶτος καί ἔσχατος, i. e. the eternal One, Revelation 1:17; Revelation 2:8; Revelation 22:13; πρῶτος, namely, τῶν κεκλημένων, Luke 14:18; the first of two (cf. Winers Grammar, § 35, 4 N. 1; (Buttmann, 32 (28))), John 19:32; 1 Corinthians 14:30; plural opposed to οἱ ἔσχατοι, Matthew 20:16, on which see ἔσχατος, 2 a. Neuter τό πρῶτον, opposed to τό δεύτερον, Hebrews 10:9; τά πρῶτα, opposed to τά ἔσχατα, one's first state, Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26; 2 Peter 2:20; the first order of things, Revelation 21:4. β. without the article: Matthew 10:2 (πρῶτος, namely, of the apostles to be mentioned); plural, Matthew 19:30; Mark 10:31; Luke 13:30 (on the meaning of which three passages, see ἔσχατος, 2 a.); neuter ἐν πρώτοις (A. V. first of all), among the first things delivered to you by me, 1 Corinthians 15:3.

b. where it agrees with some substantive; α. anarthrous, and in place of an adjective: πρώτη (namely, ἡμέρα) σαββάτου, on the first day of the week, Mark 16:9; φυλακή, opposed to δευτέρᾳ, Acts 12:10; as a predicate Luke 2:2 (on which cf. Winers Grammar, § 35, 4 N. 1; (Buttmann, § 127, 31)). where it is added to the subject or the object of the verb (and we often use an adverb; Winers Grammar, § 54, 2; (Buttmann, § 123, 9)): εὑρίσκει οὗτος πρῶτος, John 1:41(42) (where L Tr WH πρῶτον); add, John 8:7; John 20:4, 8; Acts 27:43; Romans 10:19; 1 Timothy 1:16; 1 John 4:19; opposed to εἶτα, 1 Timothy 2:13 πρῶτος ἐμβάς, John 5:4 (the article belongs to ἐμβάς (G T Tr WH omit the passage)); but Acts 26:23 πρῶτος ἐξ ἀναστάσεως νεκρῶν is to be translated as the first. By a later Greek usage it is put where πρότερος might have been expected with the genitive (cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 717; Passow, under the word πρότερος, B. I. 2 c. ii, p. 1243a; (Liddell and Scott, ibid. B. I. 4 c.); Fritzsche, Ep. ad Romans, ii., 420f; Winers Grammar, § 35, 4 N. 1; Buttmann, § 123, 14): πρῶτος μου ἦν, John 1:15, 30 (οἱ πρῶτοι μου ταῦτα ἀνιχνευσαντες, Aelian nat. anim. 8, 12). β. with the article: ( (, τό) πρῶτος (πρώτη, πρῶτον), in a series which is so complete, either in fact or in thought, that other members are conceived of as following the first in regular order; as, τόν πρῶτον λόγον, Acts 1:1; add, Mark 14:12; 2 Timothy 4:16; Revelation 4:1, 7; Revelation 13:12, etc.; (opposed to ἔσχατος), πρῶτος πλάνη, Matthew 27:64; add, Matthew 20:8, 10, 16; 1 Corinthians 15:45, etc.; also 'the first' of two, where Latin usage requires and the Vulg. ordinarily employs prior (cf. Winers Grammar (and Buttmann), as above): Matthew 21:28, 31 (L Tr WH ὕστερος); ἄλλους δούλους πλείονας τῶν πρώτων, Matthew 21:36; πρώτη διαθήκη, Hebrews 8:7, 13; Hebrews 9:15, 18; πρώτη, namely, διαθήκη, Hebrews 9:1 G L T Tr WH; σκηνή, Hebrews 9:1 Rec., 2, 6, 8; πρώτη γῆ, πρῶτος οὐρανός, Revelation 21:1; ἀνάστασις, Revelation 20:5, 6; ἄνθρωπος 1 Corinthians 15:47; followed by δεύτερος, τρίτος, etc.: Matthew 22:25; Mark 12:20; Luke 19:16; Luke 20:29; Revelation 8:7; Revelation 16:2; Revelation 21:19; followed by ἕτερος, Luke 16:5; πρῶτος, equivalent to the former, previous, pristine: τήν πρώτην πίστιν, the faith which they formerly plighted, 1 Timothy 5:12; πρώτη ἀγάπη, Revelation 2:4; τά πρῶτα ἔργα, Revelation 2:5.

2. first in rank, influence, honor; chief; principal: without the article, and absolutely, πρῶτος chief (opposed to δοῦλος), Matthew 20:27; Mark 10:44; opposed to ἔσχατος and διάκονος, Mark 9:35; added to a noun, principal, ἐντολή, Matthew 22:38; Mark 12:30 (T WH omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the clause); Ephesians 6:2; with a partitive genitive, Mark 12:28, 29 (see πᾶς, II. 2 b. γ.); 1 Timothy 1:15; with the article, Luke 15:22; Acts 17:4; οἱ πρῶτοι τῆς Γαλιλαίας, the chief men of Galilee, Mark 6:21: τοῦ λαοῦ, Luke 19:47; τῆς πόλεως, Acts 13:50; τῶν Ἰουδαίων, Acts 25:2; Acts 28:17; τῆς νήσου, Acts 28:7 (cf. Lewin, St. Paul, ii., p. 208f, but see Πόπλιος).

3. neuter πρῶτον as adverb, first, at the first;

a. in order of time: Luke 10:5; John 18:13; Acts 11:26 (here T Tr WH πρώτως, which see); followed by εἶτα, ἔπειτα, or δεύτερον, Mark 4:28; 1 Corinthians 15:46; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; 1 Timothy 3:10; followed by μετά ταῦτα Mark 16:9 cf. Mark 16:12; the first time, opposed to ἐν τῷ δευτέρῳ (the second time), Acts 7:12, 13; τέ πρῶτον καί, first and also (or afterward), i. e. as well as, Romans 1:16 (but here L Tr marginal reading WH brackets πρῶτον); ; without τέ, 2 Corinthians 8:5; 2 Timothy 1:5; first i. e. before anything else is done; first of all: Matthew 6:33; Luke 12:1; John 7:51 L Tr WH; Romans 1:8; 1 Timothy 5:4; 2 Peter 1:20; 2 Peter 3:3; πρῶτον πάντων, 1 Timothy 2:1. first, i. e. before something else: Matthew 8:21; Mark 7:27; Mark 9:11, 12; Luke 11:38; Luke 14:28; Romans 15:24; 2 Thessalonians 2:3; 1 Peter 4:17, etc.; before other nations, Acts 3:26; Acts 13:46; before others (R. V. the first to partake etc.), 2 Timothy 2:6; followed by τότε or καί τότε, Matthew 5:24; Matthew 7:5; Matthew 12:29; Mark 3:27; Luke 6:42; John 2:10 (T WH omit; L Tr brackets τότε); ἐμέ πρῶτον ὑμῶν (Tdf. omits ὑμῶν) me before it hated you, John 15:18 (see 1 b. .). τό πρῶτον. at the first, i. e. at the time when one did a thing for the first time: John 10:40; John 12:16; John 19:39.

b. in enumerating several particulars; first, then, etc.: Romans 3:2; 1 Corinthians 11:18; 1 Corinthians 12:28; Hebrews 7:2; James 3:17.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* πρώτως ,

adv.,

first: Acts 11:26.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";Roman,"; as found in the TR of Luke 23:38, may beillustrated from a Greek translation of an unknown Latin, work made by a certain Isidorianus, P Ryl II. 62 (iii/A.D.), which ends—.29f. Ὀλύμπ [ιος ] Ἰσ [ι ]δωριανὸς [. . . . . . .] ἑρμήνευσα ἀπὸ Ῥω [μα ]ικῶν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρωτα πρώτα πρώτά πρῶτα πρώται πρώταις πρώτας πρωτη πρωτή πρώτη πρώτῃ πρωτην πρώτην πρωτης πρώτης πρωτοι πρώτοι πρῶτοι πρωτοις πρώτοις ΠΡΩΤΟΝ πρώτον πρῶτον πρωτος πρώτος πρώτός πρῶτος πρῶτός πρωτου πρώτου πρωτους πρώτους πρωτω πρώτω πρώτῳ πρωτων πρώτων πρωτως πρώτως prota prôta prōta prō̂ta prote prōtē prṓte prṓtē prṓtei prṓtēi proten prōtēn prṓten prṓtēn protes prōtēs prṓtes prṓtēs proto prōtō protoi prôtoi prōtoi prṓtoi prṓtōi prō̂toi protois prōtois prṓtois PRoTON prôton PRŌTON prōtōn prṓton prṓtōn prō̂ton protos prôtos prôtós prōtos prōtōs prṓtos prṓtōs prō̂tos prō̂tós protou prōtou prṓtou protous prōtous prṓtous
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology