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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4444 - πύργος
- a tower
- a fortified structure rising to a considerable height, to repel a hostile attack or to enable a watchman to see in every direction
πύργος, ὁ, tower, esp. such as were attached to the walls of a city, Il. 7.219, al., Hes. Sc. 242, Hdt. 3.74, al., Th. 2.17, al., Plb. 5.99.9, etc.: in pl., city walls or ramparts with their towers, Il. 7.338, 437; in sg., ἧντ' ἐπὶ πύργῳ 3.153, cf. 22.447; πόλιος ἣν πέρι πύργος ὑψηλός Od. 6.262; πέριξ δὲ πύργος εἶχ' ἔτι πτόλιν E. Hec. 1209; πύργους ἐπὶ τῶν γεφυρῶν ἐπιστῆσαι Pl. Criti. 116a . movable tower for storming towns, X. Cyr. 6.1.53, 6.2.18; π. ὑπότροχοι Onos. 42.3 . tower on the back of war-elephants, Arr. Tact. 2.4 . Ζανὸς π ., Pythag. name for the central fire of the universe, Arist. Fr. 204 .
2. metaph., tower of defence, τοῖος . . σφιν π. ἀπώλεο, of Ajax, Od. 11.556; ἄνδρες πόλιος π. ἀρεύϊος Alc. Supp. 1a .10; παῖς ἄρσην πατέρ' ἔχει π. μέγαν E. Alc. 311, cf. Med. 390; ἅπας μοι π. Ἑλλήνων πατρίς Trag.Adesp. 392; θανάτων δ' ἐμᾷ χώρᾳ π. ἀνέστα a tower of defence from deaths, S. OT 1201 (lyr.).
3. the part of a house (prob. a separate building) in which the women lived and worked, αἱ ἄλλαι θεράπαιναι ἐν τῷ π. ἦσαν, οὗπερ διαιτῶνται D. 47.56; esp. if unmarried, as Hero in her tower, Musae. 32, 187, cf. Philostr.Jun. Im. 1; of the workman's hut of Timon the misanthrope (which also became his tomb, cf. Luc. Tim. 42 ), Paus. 1.30.4, cf. AP 7.402 (Antip.); outbuildings, esp. if used in industry, LXX Is. 5.2, Mi. 4.8, PStrassb. 110.6 (iii B.C.), BGU 1194.9 (ii B.C.), 650.8 (i A.D.), POxy. 243.15 (i A.D.), Mark 12:1, Ev.Luke 14:28, PGiss. 67.16 (ii A.D.), IG 22.2776.65 (ii A.D.); π. ἐν ᾧ βαφεῖον καὶ ἕτερα χρηστήρια PLond. 2.371.3 (i A.D.) .
II part of an army drawn up in close order, column, Il. 4.334, 347 .
2. at Teos, a division of the people, CIG 3064,3081, al.
III dice-box, AP 9.482.24 ( Agath. ); cf. Lat. pyrgus.
πύργος , -ου , ὁ ,
[in LXX chiefly for H4026;]
a tower: Luke 13:4; of a watch-tower in a vineyard (Isaiah 5:2): Matthew 21:33, Mark 12:1, and prob., Luke 14:28.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
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