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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4448 - πυρόω

Transliteration
pyróō
Phonetics
poo-ro'-o  
Word Origin
from (4442)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
6:948,975
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to burn with fire, to set on fire, kindle
    1. to be on fire, to burn
      1. to be incensed, indignant
    2. make to glow
      1. full of fire, fiery, ignited 1b
    3. of darts filled with inflammable substances and set on fire
      1. melted by fire and purged of dross
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 119 ‑ אָדֵם (aw‑dam');  977 ‑ בָּחַר (baw‑khar');  6884 ‑ צָרַף (tsaw‑raf');  8443 ‑ תּוֹעָפוֹת (to‑aw‑faw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (6) HCS (6)
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPN 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RPP-APN 1
V-RPP-ASN 1
V-RPP-NPM 1
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPN 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RPP-APN 1
V-RPP-ASN 1
V-RPP-DSN 1
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPN 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RPP-APN 1
V-RPP-ASN 1
V-RPP-NPM 1
NA WH
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPN 1
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPN 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RPP-APN 1
V-RPP-ASN 1
V-RPP-GSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πῠρόω, ( πῦρ ) burn with fire, burn up, τὰς Ἀθήνας Hdt. 7.8 . β, 8.102; στέγην A. Fr. 281; ναούς S. Ant. 286; burn as a burnt sacrifice, ὀσφῦν A. Pr. 497; πυροῦτε σώματα E. HF 244; burn on a pyre, ἣν πεπύρωκαν (sic) ἐγώ Supp.Epigr. 1.569 ( Egypt ); π. Κύκλωπος ὄψιν burn out his eye, E. Cyc. 594, cf. 600: Med., παῖδα πυρωσαμένη having placed my son on the pyre, AP 7.466 ( Leon. ): Pass., to be set on fire, to be burnt, πυρωθέντων Τρώων Pi. P. 11.33; Ἴλιον πυρούμενον E. Andr. 400, cf. Tr. 1283; πυρωθῆναι δέμας Id. IT 685, cf. Med. 1190, Parth. in PLit.Lond. 64.6, Ph. 1.256 . π. τὴν γεῦσιν, τὴν γλῶσσαν, seem hot to the taste or tongue, Dsc. 1.16, 4.170. ἡ ζεστολουσία . . πυροῦσα τὴν ἐπιφάνειαν reddening or warming up the surface, Theon ap. Gal. 6.208.

2. metaph., set on fire, inflame, Ἔρως σὺ δ' εὐθέως με πύρωσον Anacreont. 10.15: Pass., to be inflamed or excited, παραγγέλμασιν . . πυρωθεὶς καρδίαν A. Ag. 481 (lyr.); τινι by a person (with love), AP 12.87; εὐχαριστίᾳ Ph. 1.60, cf. 2 Corinthians 11:29 .

II abs., produce fire, Arist. PA 649b5: Pass., to become fire, to be ignited, Pl. Ti. 51b, 52d, Arist. Cael. 307a24, al.

III treat with fire: roast, grill, Hp. Vict. 2.56; bake, πλίνθους Ph. 1.420; τὸ σταῖς Arist. Pr. 927b39, cf. 929b12 ( Pass. ); warm on the fire, Agatharch. 61 ( Pass. ); melt, [ ἀργυρώματα ] IG 7.303.15 (Oropus, iii B.C. ); make red hot, Ph. 1.625 ( Pass. ); fumigate, δῶμα θεείῳ Theoc. 24.96; cauterize, Arist. HA 515b18 ( Pass. ).

2. Pass., to be affected by fire, ὁ χρυσὸς οὐ πυροῦται Id. Mete. 378b4 .

3. of gold, to be proved or tested by fire, χρυσίον πεπυρωμένον ἐκ πυρός Revelation 3:18 : metaph., proved by fire, approved, LXX Psalms 17:1-15 ( 18 ). 31, 118 ( 119 ). 140, Ph. 1.57 .

4. to be affected by heart-burn, Herod.Med. ap. Aët. 9.2 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πυρόω: passive, present πυροῦμαι; perfect participle πεπυρωμένος; (πῦρ); from Aeschylus and Pindar down; to burn with fire, to set on fire, to kindle; in the N. T. it is used only in the passive:

a. to be on fire, to burn: properly, 2 Peter 3:12; tropically, of the heat of the passions: of grief, 2 Corinthians 11:29 (English Versions burn (often understood of indignation, but cf. Meyer); Winer's Grammar, 153 (145)); of anger, with τοῖς θυμοῖς added, equivalent to to be incensed, indignant, 2 Macc. 4:38 2Macc. 10:35 2Macc. 14:45; to be inflamed with sexual desire, 1 Corinthians 7:9.

b. perfect participle πεπυρωμένος, made to glow (R. V. refined): Revelation 1:15 ((cf. Buttmann, 80 (69) n.)); full of fire; fiery, ignited: τά βέλη ... τά πεπυρωμένα darts filled with inflammable substances and set on fire, Ephesians 6:16 (Apollod. Bib. 2, 5, 2 § 3); melted by fire and purged of dross: χρυσίον πεπυρωμένον ἐκ πυρός, (refined by fire), Revelation 3:18 (so πυρόω in the Sept. for צָרַף; as τό ἀγρυριον, Job 22:25; Zechariah 13:9; Psalm 11:7 (); ()).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πυρόω , - (<πῦρ ),

[in LXX chiefly for H6884;]

to set on fire, burn up. In NT always pass.,

1. to be set on fire, to burn: Ephesians 6:16, 2 Peter 3:12; ptcp., glowing, Revelation 1:15. Metaph., of grief or indignation, 2 Corinthians 11:29; of lust, 1 Corinthians 7:9.

2. Of metals (cf. Job 22:25, Psalms 12:7, Zechariah 13:9), to be refined or purified by fire: Revelation 3:18 (and so in RV, Revelation 1:15, but v. supr.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";board,"; ";plank,"; as in Acts 27:44, occurs in P Flor I. 69.24 (iii/A.D.) (τοῖς) ἐξηλοῦσι σανίδε ̓(= δας) [πλ ]ατείας ἑτέρου τοίχου τοῦ προκ (ειμένου) πλοίου : cf.21. The word readily passes into the meaning of a ";wooden tablet"; for writing purposes, as in Syll.3 975.30 (c. A.D. 250) ἀναγράψαντες εἰς τὴν σανίδα οὗ καὶ τὰ λοιπὰ γράμματα παραδό [τ ]ωσαν εἰς τὸ δημόσιον τῆι βουλῆι. In Herodas VII. 5 it denotes a wooden bench to sit upon. For the dim. σανίδιον see Syll 366 (=.3 799).25 (A.D. 38) τό τε ἐργαστήριον αὐτοῦ σ ̣ανι ̣δίοι [ς ] προσηλοῦσθαι, and for the verb σανιδόω see P Lond 1164 (h).7 (A.D. 212) (= III. p. 164) πλοῖον. . . σεσανιδ [ω ]μένον δια ̣̣ ν ̣εὼς σὺν ἱστῷ.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επυρώθησαν επύρωσας επύρωσάς επύρωσεν πεπυρωμενα πεπυρωμένα πεπυρωμενης πεπυρωμένης πεπυρωμένοι πεπυρωμενον πεπυρωμένον πεπυρωμένος πυρουμαι πυρούμαι πυροῦμαι πυρουμενοι πυρούμενοι πυρουσθαι πυρούσθαι πυροῦσθαι πυρούται πυρωθώσι πυρώσαι πύρωσον πυρώσω pepuromena pepurōmena pepuromenes pepurōmenēs pepuromenon pepurōmenon pepyromena pepyroména pepyrōmena pepyrōména pepyromenes pepyroménes pepyrōmenēs pepyrōménēs pepyromenon pepyroménon pepyrōmenon pepyrōménon puroumai puroumenoi purousthai pyroumai pyroûmai pyroumenoi pyroúmenoi pyrousthai pyroûsthai
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