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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4550 - σαπρός

Transliteration
saprós
Phonetics
sap-ros'  
Word Origin
from (4595)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
7:94,1000
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. rotten, putrefied
  2. corrupted by one and no longer fit for use, worn out
  3. of poor quality, bad, unfit for use, worthless
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (8) NAS (8) HCS (8)
Matthew 4
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
Matthew 4
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
Matthew 5
Luke 2
Ephesians 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-APN 1
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 3
A-APN 1
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 3
A-APN 1
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 3
NA WH
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 3
CONJ 1
A-APN 1
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σαπρός, ά, όν, ( σήπω )

rotten, putrid, Hippon. 23, Hp. Oss. 13; of the lungs, diseased, Id. Morb. 1.13; of bone, carious, Id. Fract. 33; of wood, etc., rotten, ἱστίον Ar. Eq. 918; βύρσα Id. V. 38; πινακίσκος, φορμός, σχοινίον, Id. Pl. 813, 542, V. 1343; ἱμάς Men. 109.4; τοῦ διατειχίσματος ἀνελόντι τὰ ς . IG 22.1672.24; of a house, ς. καὶ ῥέουσα καὶ καταπίπτουσα Telesp.27 H.; ἐλαῖαι Thphr. HP 4.14.10: prov., σαπροῦ πείσματος ἀντιλαβέσθαι Thgn. 1362: esp., of fish that have been long in pickle, stale, rancid, τάριχος Ar. Ach. 1101; opp. πρόσφατος, Antiph. 218.4, cf. 125.6; of withered flowers, D. 22.70 . Adv., -ρῶς λούει τὰ βαλανεῖα so as to leave one filthy, Arr. Epict. 2.21.14 .

II generally, stale, worn out, ἀρχαῖον καὶ σαπρόν Ar. Pl. 323; of clothes, PGiss. 26.6 (ii A.D.) . Adv., -ῶς (perh. misspelt for -ός ) περιπατῶ I am walking about in rags, BGU 846.9 (ii A.D.) .

2. of persons, γέρων ὢν καὶ ς . Ar. Pax 698; ὦ σαπρά, to an old woman, Id. Ec. 884, Hermipp. 10; so εἶναι σαπρὸν κοὐδὲν δύνασθαι Ar. V. 1380; οὐδέν ἐσμεν οἱ ς . Eup. 221; ς. γυναῖκα . . ὁ τρόπος εὔμορφον ποιεῖ Philem. 170 .

3. of wine, mellow (cf. σαπρίας ), Eup. 442, cf. Philyll. 24; τρὺξ παλαιὰ καὶ σαπρά Ar. Pl. 1086; of old wine, ὀδόντας οὐκ ἔχων, ἤδη σαπρὸς . ., γέρων γε δαιμονίως Alex. 167.4 .

4. εἰρήνη σαπρά, a joke παρὰ προσδοκίαν, Ar. Pax 554 .

5. metaph., unsound, bad, λόγος Ep.Ephesians 4:29; opp. καλός, Vett.Val. 36.30, cf. PSI 4.312.13 (iv A.D.); ἄρουραι PGiss. 13.22 (ii A.D.); τὰ ς. ταῦτα Arr. Epict. 3.16.7; ὡς ς. καὶ κίβδηλος ὁ λέγων . . M.Ant. 11.15, cf. Sammelb. 5761.23 (i A.D.), PSI 6.717.4 (ii A.D.); τὴν ς. εἱμαρμένην the evil fate, PMag.Leid.W. 14.38.

III of sound, αὐλεῖ γὰρ σαπρὰ . . κρουμάτια Theopomp.Com. 50 (perh. f.l. for σαθρά, v. σαθρός 2 ).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σαπρός, σαπρά, σαπρόν (σήπω, 2 aorist passive σαπῆναι);

1. rotten, putrid ((Hipponax), Hippcr., Aristophanes, others).

2. corrupted by age and no lounger fit for use, worn out (Aristophanes, Dio Chr., others); hence, in general, of poor quality, bad, unfit for use, worthless (A. V. corrupt) (πᾶν, μή τήν ἰδίαν χρείαν πληροι, σαπρόν λέγομεν, Chrysostom hom. 4 on 1 Timothy): δένδρον, καρπός, opposed to καλός, Matthew 7:17; Matthew 12:33; Luke 6:43; fishes, Matthew 13:48 (here A. V. bad); tropically, λόγος, Ephesians 4:29 (cf. Harless at the passage); δόγμα, Epictetus 3, 22, 61. Cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 377f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** σαπρός , - -όν ,

[in Sm.: Leviticus 27:14; Leviticus 27:33 *;]

rotten, corrupt, bad, worthless: of trees and fruit (opp. to ἀγαθός , καλός ), Matthew 7:17-18; Matthew 12:33 Luke 6:43; of fish, Matthew 13:48.

Metaph., in moral sense: λόγος σ ., Ephesians 4:29. "In Hellenistic . . . it became a synonym for αἰσχρός or κακός ," MM, xxii.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";scatter,"; in Ionic and the vernacular for σκεδάννυμι (Rutherford NP, p. 295) : cf. P Lond 131 recto.421 (A.D. 78–79) (= I. p. 182) σκόρ (πισον) τὴν κοπρὸ (ν) ἐν ταῖς αὐταῖς ἀρούρ (αις), CP Herm I. 7ii. 18 (ii/A.D.) of young plums, ἐσκορπισμέναι ἐν τῷ χωρίῳ, and so 28.14, P Flor II. 175.22 (A.D. 255) τὰ ὄντα καμήλια ἐσκορπίσαμεν, P Leid Xviii. 39 (iii/iv A.D.) (= II. p. 227) μετὰ τὸ σκορπισθῆναι καὶ μόνον τὸν ἄργυρον καταλειφθῆναι, and ib. Vxi. 19 (iii/iv A.D.) (= II. p. 37) σκορπίζων τὰς νεφέλας ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων. See also PSI V. 478.14 (v/A.D.) ἕως ἂν σκορπίσωσι τὸ πρᾶγμα. MGr σκορπίζω.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σαπρα σαπρά σαπρὰ σαπρον σαπρόν σαπρὸν σαπρος σαπρός σαπρὸς sapra saprà sapron saprón sapròn sapros sapròs
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, July 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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