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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5194 - ὕαλος

Word Origin
perhaps from the same as (5205) (as being transparent like rain)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. any stone transparent like glass
  2. glass
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2137 ‑ זְכוֹכִית (zek‑oo‑keeth');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Revelation 2
Revelation 2
Revelation 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὕᾰλος or ὕελος (v. infr.), , v. Ael.Dion. Fr. 217; but in Thphr. Lap. 49, ὁ: — the form ὕαλος is said to be Att., ὕελος Hellenic, Phryn. 281, Id. PS p.118 B., Moer.p.373 P., Thom.Mag.p.365 R.; in Hdt. codd. vary between ὕελος and ὕαλος; ὕελος is read in Arist. APo. 88a14, Thphr. l.c., Ign. 73, PHolm. 10.7, but ὕαλος in LXX Job 28:17, Anon.Lond. 39.18, Revelation 21:18; cf. ὑάλινος: —

originally some kind of crystalline stone, such as that used by the Ethiopians to enclose their mummies in, Hdt. 3.24; ὕ. ἀργή Peripl.M.Rubr. 49; ὕ. ὀρωρυγμένη rock-crystal, Ach.Tat. 2.3.

2. a convex lens of crystal, used as a burning-glass, λίθος διαφανὴς ἀφ' ἧς τὸ πῦρ ἅπτουσι Ar. Nu. 768, cf. Thphr. Ign. 73.

II glass, first in Pl. Ti. 61b, cf. Arist. Mete. 389a8, and ὑαλῖτις; glass-ware, PFay. 134.4 (iv A. D.). III ὕαλος χνοώδης, in Paul.Aeg. 6.22, is an absorbent of some kind: — ὕαλος is also expld. by βόρβορος in Hsch. and Theognost. Can. 18. [ ῠᾰλος, as appears from Ar. Nu. 768: but late Poets make in some derivs. to bring them into dactylic verses, ῡάλεος AP 6.33, 12.249; ῡέλινος ib. 14.52; ῡαλόεις ib.5.47; ῡαλοειδής Orph. L. 280; in iambic metre, ῡαλόχροα AP 6.211.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὕαλος, ὑαλου, (probably allied with ὑει, ὑετός (which see); hence, 'rain-drop', Curtius, 9604; Vanicek, p. 1046; but others make it of Egyptian origin (cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word)), from Herodotus ((3, 24) who writes ὕελος; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 22)) down;

1. any stone transparent like glass.

2. glass: Revelation 21:18, 21.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὕαλος , -ου , ,

[in LXX: Job 28:17 (H2137) *;]

1. (Hdt.) a clear transparent stone.

2. (from Plat. on) glass: Revelation 21:18; Revelation 21:21.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We are primarily concerned with this verb only in so far as we can throw light upon its usage in the NT. In this connexion it is interesting to notice that Field’s statement (Notes, p. 208 f.) that in 1 Timothy 4:6 ὑποτίθεσθαι ";does not appear to contain the idea of reminding a person of something that he knew before, but simply of suggesting or advising"; may be supported by a private letter of i/ii A.D., BGU VI. 1301.15 γινώσκων ὅτι εἰς πᾶν σοι συνκ ̣[ατα ]βήσομαι ἐὰν ὑποτιθε ̣[να ]ι ̣ β ̣ο ̣υ ̣λ ̣ηι ἑκο ̣ντι ὡς ἄλλως. . .

The difficult phrase in Romans 16:4 τὸν ἑαυτῶν τράχηλον ὑπέθηκαν, ";laid down their own necks"; in the sense of ";risked their own lives"; is confirmed by Deissmann (LAE2, p. 117 f.) from a Herculaneum papyrus (after B.C. 150), where, however, παραβάλλω takes the place of ὑποτίθημιὑπὲρ ?] τοῦ μάλιστ᾽ ἀγαπωμένου τῶν ἀναγκαίων ἢ τῶν φίλων παραβάλοι ἂν ἑτοίμως τὸν τράχηλον, ";for (?) the most beloved of his relatives or friends he would readily stake his neck.";

For the legal usage ";mortgage"; it is sufficient to cite P Petr II. 46 (b).5 (B.C. 200) ὑποτίθημι τὴν ὑπάρχουσάν μοι οἰκίαν, P Oxy III. 494.19 (a Will—A.D. 156) γυναικὶ. . . ἐξέστω δι᾽ αὐτῆς πωλεῖν καὶ ὑποτίθεσθαι ἃ ἐὰν αἱρῆται, ";my wife shall have the right to sell and mortgage on her own authority anything she chooses"; (Edd.), and P Ryl II. 162.28 (A.D. 159) πωλοῦσα καὶ ὑποτιθο ̣ῦσα (for form cf. Deissmann BS, p. 193) καὶ μετα ]διδοῦσα, ";having the power of sale, mortgage, gift."; In P Oxy X. 1269.30 (list of property—early ii/A.D.) we hear of κιτῶνα ὑποτεθειμένον Τνεφερσόιτι πρὸς δραχμὰς ὀκτώ, ";a tunic pledged to Tnephersoitis for eight drachmas"; (Edd.). See also P Cairo Zen III. 59361.9 (B.C. 242) τὸν δὲ (χιλιάρουρον) ὑποτιθέμεθα ἐπὶ τὸ ἔλαττον (δραχμὰς) ᾽Α ";we assess at the reduced sum of 1000 drachmae"; (Ed.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
υαλος ύαλος ὕαλος υαλω ὑάλῳ ύελος υέλω hyalo hyalō hyáloi hyálōi hyalos hýalos ualo ualō ualos
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, September 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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