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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5424 - φρήν

Transliteration
phrḗn
Phonetics
frane  
Word Origin
probably from an obsolete phrao (to rein in or curb, cf (5420))
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
9:220,1277
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the midriff or diaphragm, the parts of the heart
  2. the mind
    1. the faculty of perceiving and judging
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3685 ‑ כְּסִיל (kes‑eel');  3820 ‑ לֵב (labe);  4486 ‑ מַנְדַּע (man‑dah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
1 Corinthians 1
1 Corinthians 1
1 Corinthians 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-DPF 2
N-DPF 2
N-DPF 2
NA WH
N-DPF 2
N-DPF 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φρήν, ἡ,

gen. φρενός, pl. φρένες, gen. φρενῶν, dat. φρεσί: older dat. pl. φρασί (ν) IG 12.971 (vi B. C.), Pi. N. 3.62, BMus.Inscr. 909 (Halic., i B. C.): (v. sub fin.):

1 midriff, κραδία φρένα λακτίζει A. Pr. 881 (anap.); elsewh. always in pl., ἔνθα φρένες ἔρχαται ἀμφ' ἁδινὸν κῆρ Il. 16.481, cf. Hp. VM 22, Art. 41; τὰς φρένας διάφραγμα εἰς τὸ μέσον αὐτῶν (sc. τοῦ θώρακος καὶ τοῦ κύτους) τιθέντες Pl. Ti. 70a; τοῦτο δὲ τὸ διάζωμα καλοῦσί τινες φρένας, ὃ διορίζει τόν τε πλεύμονα καὶ τὴν καρδίαν Arist. PA 672b11, cf. HA 496b11, 506a6; also, in Hom., more vaguely, πρὸς στῆθος ὅθι φρένες ἧπαρ ἔχουσι Od. 9.301; μένεος φρένες ἀμφὶ μέλαιναι πίμπλαντ' Il. 1.103, al.; φρένας.. εἰς αὐτὰς τυπείς A. Pr. 363, cf. Eu. 159 (lyr.).

2. heart, as seat of the passions, e.g. of fear, τρομέοντο δέ οἱ φρένες ἐντός Il. 10.10; of joy and grief, φρένα τέρπεσθαι φόρμιγγι 9.186; γάνυται φρένα ποιμήν 13.493; τί σε φρένας ἵκετοπένθος; 1.362; ἄχος πύκασε φρένας 8.124; ἔρως φρένας ἀμφεκάλυψε 3.442; of anger, Od. 6.147; of courage, ἕνα φρεσὶ θυμὸν ἔχοντες Il. 13.487; ἐς φρένα θυμὸς ἀγέρθη 22.475, cf. 8.202, etc.; of bodily appetites, such as hunger, etc., 11.89: the shades of the dead are without it, ψυχὴ καὶ εἴδωλον, ἀτὰρ φρένες οὐκ ἔνι πάμπαν 23.104 (exc. the shade of Teiresias, Od. 10.493): so generally in Poets, φρενὸς ἔνδοθεν ἄλγεα κεῖται Sol. ap. Arist. Ath. 5.2; κῆλα δαιμόνων θέλγει φρένας Pi. P. 1.12; φόβος μ' ἔχει φρένας A. Supp. 379; μαινομένα φρενί Id. Th. 484 (lyr.); στυγεῖν μιᾷ φρενί Id. Eu. 986 (lyr.); Διὸς γὰρ δυσπαραίτητοι φ. Id. Pr. 34; ἐκ φρενός from one's very heart, ὁ ἐκ φρενὸς λόγος a sincere speech, Id. Ch. 107; ἐτύμως δακρυχέων ἐκ φρενός Id. Th. 919 (lyr.); οὐκ ἀπ' ἄκρας φρενός not superficially and carelessly, Id. Ag. 805 (anap.); φρενὸς ἐκ φιλίας ib. 1515 (anap.), cf. 546; φῦσαι φρένας to produce a haughty spirit, S. El. 1463.

3. mind, as seat of the mental faculties, perception, thought, ἔγνω ᾗσιν ἐνὶ φ. Il. 22.296; μή μοι ταῦτα νόει φρεσί 9.600; μετὰ φρεσὶ μερμηρίξαι, βάλλεσθαι, Od. 10.438, Il. 9.434; ἴδμεν ἐνὶ φρεσίν 2.301; τῷ γὰρ ἐπὶ φρεσί θῆκε put in his mind, suggested it, 1.55; σφῶϊν δ' ὧδε θεῶν τις ἐνὶ φρεσὶ ποιήσειεν 13.55; ἐν φρεσὶ θέσθε ἕκαστος ib. 121, cf. 1.297, etc.; φρένας παραπεῖσαι, πείθειν, 7.120, 16.842; ἐπιγνάμπτει φρένας (v.l. for νόον) ἐσθλῶν 9.514; Διὸς ἐτράπετο φρήν 10.45; ἀνὴρ φρένας ἀφνειός rich (only) in his imagination, Hes. Op. 455; ὀρθᾷ, ἐλευθέρᾳ φρενί, Pi. O. 8.24, P. 2.57; φρένες γὰρ αὐτοῦ θυμὸν ᾠακοστρόφουν A. Pers. 767; ἡ γλῶσσ' ὀμώμοχ', ἡ δὲ φ. ἀνώμοτος E. Hipp. 612; κατὰ φρένα καὶ κατὰ θυμόν Il. 1.193, al.: pl., wits, Κύκλωπα περὶ φρένας ἤλυθε οἶνος Od. 9.362, cf. 454, 18.331; πλήγη φρένας ἂς πάρος εἶχεν Il. 13.394; ἐκ γὰρ πλήγη φρένας 16.403; βλάπτε φρένας Ζεὺς ἡμετέρας 15.724; ἐξ... τοι θεοὶ φρένας ὤλεσαν 7.360; φρένας ἄφρων, φρένας ἠλέ or ἠλεέ, 4.104, 15.128, Od. 2.243: of losing one's wits, φρενῶν ἀφεστάναι, ἐκστῆναι, μεθεστάναι, S. Ph. 865, E. Or. 1021, Ba. 944; τὰς φ. ἐκβάλλειν S. Ant. 648; ἔξω φρενῶν Pi. O. 7.47; φρενῶν οὐκ ἔνδον ὤν E. Heracl. 709; φρενῶν κεκομμένος A. Ag. 479 (lyr.); κενός S. Ant. 754; τητώμενοι Id. El. 1326; ἔξεδροι, παράκοποι, E. Hipp. 935, Ba. 33; ποῦ ποτ' εἶ φρενῶν; S. El. 390; φρένες διάστροφοι A. Pr. 673, S. Aj. 447; μαργότης φρενῶν Id. Fr. 846; ἀνακίνησις φρενῶν Id. OT 727, etc.; of persons in their senses, ἐπήβολος φρενῶν Id. Ant. 492; ἀνδρὸς νοῦν ἔχοντος καὶ φρένας Ar. Ra. 535 (lyr.) (so in later Prose, οἱ φρένας ἔχοντες Phld. Po. 5.19, Rh. 1.240S.; οἱ τῶν σοφιστῶν τὰς κοινὰς φ. ἔχοντες ib.202S.); also ἔσω φρενῶν λέγειν A. Ag. 1052; γράφου φρενῶν ἔσω S. Ph. 1325; τῆς λεπτότητος τῶν φ. Ar. Nu. 153; φρένες, opp. σῶμα, Hdt. 3.134; so αἱ σάρκες αἱ κεναὶ φρενῶν E. El. 387; attributed to animals, μετὰ φρεσὶ γίγνεται ἀλκή Il. 4.245, cf. 16.157, etc. The word is not common in early Prose, τίς αὐτῶν νόος ἢ φρήν; Heraclit. 104; συμφορὰ τῶν φ., i.e. madness, And. 2.7; παραλλάττει τῶν φ. Lys. Fr. 90; καρποῦ μὲν ἀφθονία φρενῶν δὲ ἀφορία X. Smp. 4.55; νοῦς καὶ φρένες D. 18.324, cf. 25.33.

4. will, purpose, οὔ τι Διὸς βέομαι φρεσίν Il. 15.194; σῆς ἀπεστάτουν φ. S. Ant. 993, cf. OC 1182. In usage there is little or no distinction observable between sg. and pl., but the sg. is not found in Prose (exc. Heraclit. l.c.) or Com. (exc. in paratrag., Ar. Ra. 886).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φρήν, φρενος, , plural φρένες, from Homer down, the Sept. several times in Proverbs for לֵב:

1. the midriff or diaphragm, the parts about the heart.

2. the mind; the faculty of perceiving and judging: also in the plural; as, 1 Corinthians 14:20.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φρήν ,

gen., φρενός , ,

[in LXX most freq. in Pr (Proverbs 6:32, al.) and chiefly for H3820; also 3 Maccabees 4:16; 3 Maccabees 5:47;]

chiefly in Hom. and Trag., but also in Plat., al., both sing. and pl.;

1. in physical sense, the parts about the heart, midriff.

2. heart, mind, thought: pl., 1 Corinthians 14:20 (v. Edwards, Eng.-Gr. Lex., App., 1).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

χορηγέω (for form cf. Moulton Gr. ii. p. 68), orig. ";lead a chorus,"; ";supply a chorus,"; is used in late Greek in the general sense ";furnish,"; ";supply,"; with the further idea of ";lavishly,"; ";abundantly,"; c. acc. as in 2Co. 9:10 (see Proleg. p. 65). From the papyri we may cite EGU IV. 1051.15 (marriage contract—time of Augustus) ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν χορηγεῖν αὐτὸν τῇ Λυκαίνῃ τὰ δέοντα πάντα, similarly ib. 1099.11, P Ryl II. 153.24 (a Will—A.D. 138–161) αὐτὸς χορηγήσει τοῖς αὐτοῖς τὰς αὐτὰς ἐφ᾽ ὃν ἕκαστον αὐτῶν περίεστιν [χρόνον, ";he himself shall supply to the said persons the said provisions as long as each of them survives"; (Edd.), similarly .29, .33 and ib. 181.7 (c. A.D.203–4) χορηγεῖσθαι ὑφ᾽ ὑμῶν τῶν υἱῶν χο ̣ρ ̣ήγιά τινα κατ᾽ ἔτος, ";that a certain annual allowance should be furnished in perpetuity by you his sons"; (Edd.), an agreement to compound an annuity. From the inscrr. we may add Priene 108.151 (after B.C. 129) τὴν εἰς αὐτοὺς μισθοφορὰν [ ]κ [τῶ ]ν ἰδίων χορηγῶν, and OGIS 248.16 (B.C. 175–164) χρήμασι χορηγήσαντες, where note the constr. c. dat. and see Dittenberger’s note.

The subst. χορηγία may be illustrated from P Fay 124.20 (ii/A.D.), a complaint that a man does not pay his mother her allowance in a fair manner— εἰ μὴ. . . τὴν χορηγίαν τῇ μητρὶ εὐγνομώνως ἀποδίδυς (l. ἀποδίδοις), and χορήγησις from BGU IV. 1208ii. 18 (B.C. 27–26) χορήγησιν ποιεῖσθαι. See also s.v. ἐπιχορηγέω.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φρένες φρενών φρεσί φρεσιν φρεσίν φρεσὶν φρίκη φρίκην φρικτά φρικώδη phresin phresín phresìn
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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