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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5567 - ψάλλω

Transliteration
psállō
Phonetics
psal'-lo  
Word Origin
probably strengthened from psao (to rub or touch the surface, cf (5597))
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
8:489,1225
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to pluck off, pull out
  2. to cause to vibrate by touching, to twang
    1. to touch or strike the chord, to twang the strings of a musical instrument so that they gently vibrate
    2. to play on a stringed instrument, to play, the harp, etc.
    3. to sing to the music of the harp
    4. in the NT to sing a hymn, to celebrate the praises of God in song
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2167 ‑ זָמַר (zaw‑mar');  5059 ‑ נָגַן (naw‑gan');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (5)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
James 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
James 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
James 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-FAI-1S 3
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-FAI-1S 3
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-FAI-1S 3
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
NA WH
V-FAI-1S 1
V-PAD-3S 1
V-FAI-1S 3
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ψάλλω, fut. ψᾰλῶ LXX Judges 5:3; : aor. ἔψηλα Pl. Ly. 209b, etc., and in LXX ἔψᾱλα Psalms 9:12, al.: pluck, pull, twitch, ψ. ἔθειραν pluck the hair, A. Pers. 1062: esp. of the bow-string, τόξων χερὶ ψάλλουσι νευράς twang them, E. Ba. 784; κενὸν κρότον Lyc. 1453; ἐκ κέραος ψ. βέλος send a shaft twanging from the bow, APl. 4.211 (Stat. Flacc.); so μιλτοχαρὴς σχοῖνος ψαλλομένη a carpenter's red line, which is twitched and then suddenly let go, so as to leave a mark, AP 6.103 (Phil.): metaph., γυναῖκας ἐξ ἀνδρῶν ψόγος ψάλλει, κενὸν τόξευμα E. Fr. 499.

II mostly of the strings of musical instruments, play a stringed instrument with the fingers, and not with the plectron, ψῆλαι καὶ κρούειν τῷ πλήκτρῳ Pl. l. c., et ibi Sch.; ἐάν τις ψήλας τὴν νήτην ἐπιλάβῃ Arist. Pr. 919b15; μουσικώτατος ὢν χατὰ χεῖρα δίχα πλήκτρου ἔψαλλε Ath. 4.183d; opp. κιθαρίζω, Hdt. 1.155, SIG 578.18 (Teos, ii B. C.); πρὶν μέν σ' ἑπτάτονον ψάλλον (sc. τὴν λύραν) Ion Eleg.3.3: abs., Hdt. l. c., Ar. Eq. 522, Hippias (?) in PHib. 1.13.24; κόραις Men. Epit. 260; ψάλλειν [οὐκ ἔνι] ἄνευ λύρας Luc. Par. 17: Prov., ῥᾷον ἤ τις ἂν χορδὴν ψήλειε 'as easy as falling off a log', Aristid. Or. 26(14).31.

2. later, sing to a harp, LXX Ps. 7.18, LXX Psalms 9:12, al.; τῇ καρδίᾳ Ephesians 5:19; τῷ πνεύματι 1 Cor. l. c.

3. Pass., of the instrument, to be struck or played, ψαλλομένη χορδή Arist. Pr. 919b2; also of persons, to be played to on the harp, Macho ap. Ath. 8.348f.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ψάλλω; future ψαλῶ; (from ψάω, to rub, wipe; to handle, touch (but cf. Curtius, p. 730));

a. to pluck off, pull out: ἐθειραν, the hair, Aeschylus Pers. 1062.

b. to cause to vibrate by touching, to twang: τόξων νευράς χειρί, Euripides, Bacch. 784; specifically, χορδήν, to touch or strike the chord, to twang the strings of a musical instrument so that they gently vibrate (Aristotle, probl. 19, 23 (p. 919b, 2)); and absolutely, to play on a stringed instrument, to play the harp, etc.: Aristotle, Plutarch, Aratus (in Plato, Lysias, p. 209 b. with καί κρούειν τῷ πλήκτρω added (but not as explanatory of it; the Schol. at the passage says ψῆλαι, τό ἄνευ πληκτρου τῷ δακτύλῳ τάς χορδας ἐπάφασθαι); it is distinguished from κιθαρίζειν in Herodotus 1, 155); the Sept. for נִנֵן and much more often for זִמֵּר; to sing to the music of the harp; in the N. T. to sing a hymn, to celebrate the praises of God in song, James 5:13 (R. V. sing praise); τῷ κυρίῳ, τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ (often so in the Sept.), in honor of God, Ephesians 5:19 (here A. V. making melody); Romans 15:9; ψαλῶ τῷ πνεύματι, ψαλῶ δέ καί τῷ νοι<, 'I will sing God's praises indeed with my whole soul stirred and borne away by the Holy Spirit, but I will also follow reason as my guide, so that what I sing may be understood alike by myself and by the listeners', 1 Corinthians 14:15.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ψάλλω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2167 pi. (Judges 5:3, Psalms 7:17, al.), also for H5059 pi. (1 Samuel 16:16 ff, al.);]

1. to pull, twitch, twang (as a bowstring, etc.; Æsch., Eur., al.), hence,

2. absol.,

(a) to play a stringed instrument with the fingers (Hdt., Plat., al.);

(b) later, to sing to a harp, sing psalms (LXX); in NT, to sing a hymn, sing praise: James 5:13; c. dat. pers., Romans 15:9 (LXX), Ephesians 5:19; dat. instr., 1 Corinthians 14:15.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
έψαλλεν έψαλλον ψάλατε ψαλάτωσαν ψαλάτωσάν ψαλή ψάλη ψάλλειν ψαλλετω ψαλλέτω ψάλλοντα ψαλλοντες ψάλλοντες ψαλλόντων ψάλλων ψαλούμεν ψαλω ψαλώ ψαλῶ ψάλω psalleto psalletō psalléto psallétō psallontes psállontes psalo psalô psalō psalō̂
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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